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Chemical Benzhydryl Compounds

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–50 of 92 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Woodruff TJ, et al. (2011). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Our analysis of the NHANES pregnancy data shows ubiquitous exposure to multiple chemicals during a sensitive period of fetal development. 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Pregnant females | Study subjects United States blood | serum | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Details
2. Braun JM, et al. (2014). Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment (HOME) | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We used a semi-Bayesian hierarchical regression model to estimate associations between prenatal blood or urine concentrations of 52 suspected endocrine disrupting chemicals and autistic behaviors at 4 and 5 years of age in a prospective birth cohort of 175 mothers and their children. socioeconomic status | tobacco 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexabromobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | nonachlor | oxychlordane | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | phthalic acid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Children | Pregnant females | Study subjects United States serum | urine 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexabromobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | nonachlor | oxychlordane | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | phthalic acid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
3. Robinson O, et al. (2015). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project In summary, the correlation analysis presented here of multiple environmental exposures among pregnant women provide a first picture of the structure of the exposome during the crucial in utero period. 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Antimony | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cesium | Chloroform | Cobalt | Copper | Cotinine | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | Molybdenum | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Nickel | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Pesticides | Phthalic Acids | Selenium | Thallium | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Trihalomethanes | Zinc Pregnant females Spain air | blood, cord | colostrum | serum | urine | water 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Antimony | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cesium | Chloroform | Cobalt | Copper | Cotinine | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | Molybdenum | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Nickel | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Pesticides | Phthalic Acids | Selenium | Thallium | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Trihalomethanes | Zinc Details
4. Agay-Shay K, et al. (2015). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project Prenatal exposure to organochlorines was positively associated with overweight at age 7 years in our study population. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Phthalic Acids Children | Pregnant females Spain blood, cord | serum | urine 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | Arsenic | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Phthalic Acids Details Body Weight | Obesity | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
5. Li Q, et al. (2015). National Children's Study (NCS) This is the first birth cohort study linking environmental pollutants and placental expression of microRNA; our results suggest that placental microRNA profiles may signal in utero exposures to environmental chemicals. 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Lead | Mercury | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Infants or newborns United States placenta 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Lead | Mercury | MIR10A | MIR146A | MIR151A | MIR1537 | MIR188 | MIR190B | MIR193B | MIR423 | MIR431 | MIR520D | MIR651 | MIR96 | MIRLET7B | MIRLET7C | MIRLET7D | MIRLET7G | MIRLET7I | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details
6. Vernet C, et al. (2018). SEPAGES During pregnancy, phenol biomarkers showed a strong within-day variability, while the variability between days of a given week was more limited. 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfone | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Pregnant females France urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfone | bisphenol A | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
7. LaRocca J, et al. (2015). Harvard Epigenetic Birth Cohort (HEBC) These results suggest that prenatal phenol and phthalate exposure is associated with altered microRNA expression in placenta, suggesting a potential mechanism of endocrine-disrupting chemicals toxicity in humans. 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | Parabens | Phenols | Phthalic Acids | propylparaben | Triclosan Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States placenta | urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | butylparaben | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | methylparaben | MIR142 | MIR15A | MIR185 | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details regulation of gene silencing by miRNA
8. Ferguson KK, et al. (2014). Early Life Exposure in Mexico to Environmental Toxicants (ELEMENT) We explored the relationship of prenatal and childhood exposures to phthalates and bisphenol A with pubertal onset and sex hormones in boys (ages 8-14); prenatal exposure was associated with decreased dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, decreased inhibin B, increased SHBG, greatly reduced odds of adrenarche, and slightly reduced odds of puberty, while childhood exposure was not associated with adrenarche or puberty, but some exposures were associated with increased SHBG levels and decreased testosterone levels. age | sex 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Phthalic Acids Children | Fetuses | Pregnant females Mexico serum | urine 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate | INHBB | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | SHBG | Testosterone Details dehydroepiandrosterone secretion | development of secondary male sexual characteristics | inhibin secretion | testosterone secretion
9. Nazaroff W, et al. (2012). The study introduces the intake-to-production ratio as an economy-wide quantitative indicator of the extent to which chemical production results in human exposure. This ratio is well suited as an aggregate metric of exposure intensity for characterizing population-level exposure to synthesized chemicals, particularly those that move fairly rapidly from manufacture to human intake and have relatively stable production and intake rates. 4-dichlorobenzene | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | methylparaben | Triclosan Study subjects United States 4-dichlorobenzene | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | methylparaben | Triclosan Details
10. Dodson RE, et al. (2012). Common products contain complex mixtures of Endocrine-disrupting compounds and asthma-related compounds. 4-nonylphenol | 4-tert-octylphenol | benzophenone | benzyl acetate | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | decamethylcyclopentasiloxane | Dibutyl Phthalate | dicyclohexyl phthalate | diethanolamine | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | Ethanolamine | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Eugenol | galaxolide | limonene | linalool | methyleugenol | methylionone | methylparaben | methyl salicylate | musk ketone | musk xylene | n-butoxyethanol | octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane | octylmethoxycinnamate | oxybenzone | phenoxyethanol | Phenyl Ethers | Phenylethyl Alcohol | pichtosin | triclocarban | Triclosan United States air freshener | air freshener, car | baking soda | bar soap | body lotion | body wash | Borax | car interior cleaner | carpet cleaner | cat litter | conditioner | deodorant | diaper | dish liquid | dishwasher detergent | dryer sheet | fabric refresher | facial cleanser | facial lotion | floor cleaner | foundation | fragrance or perfume | glass cleaner | hair gel | hair spray or mousse or gel | hand sanitizer | hand soap | laundry bleach | laundry detergent | lip balm | lipstick | mascara | nail polish | pillow protector | polish or wax | scrubbing powder | shampoo | shaving cream | shower curtain, vinyl | stain remover | sunscreen | sunscreen composite | surface cleaner | toilet bowl cleaner | toothpaste | tub and tile cleaner | wet mop 4-nonylphenol | 4-tert-octylphenol | benzophenone | benzyl acetate | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | decamethylcyclopentasiloxane | Dibutyl Phthalate | dicyclohexyl phthalate | diethanolamine | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | Ethanolamine | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Eugenol | galaxolide | limonene | linalool | methyleugenol | methylionone | methylparaben | methyl salicylate | musk ketone | musk xylene | n-butoxyethanol | octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane | octylmethoxycinnamate | oxybenzone | phenoxyethanol | Phenyl Ethers | Phenylethyl Alcohol | pichtosin | triclocarban | Triclosan Details
11. Huang YF, et al. (2017). Our results support a role for exposure to 4-nonylphenol and bisphenol A and possibly inflammation in increasing oxidative/nitrative stress and decreasing antioxidant activity during pregnancy. 4-nonylphenol | bisphenol A Pregnant females Taiwan, Province of China blood | blood, cord | urine 4-nonylphenol | 8-epi-prostaglandin F2alpha | 8-nitroguanine | 8-oxo-7-hydrodeoxyguanosine | bisphenol A | GPX1 | TNF Details negative regulation of glutathione peroxidase activity | tumor necrosis factor production
12. Calafat AM, et al. (2008). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Urine concentrations of total bisphenol A differed by race/ethnicity, age, sex, and household income. age | race | sex | socioeconomic status 4-tert-octylphenol | bisphenol A Children | Study subjects United States urine 4-tert-octylphenol | bisphenol A Details
13. Fénichel P, et al. (2012). The presence of unconjugated bisphenol A in all cord blood samples suggests placental transfer and fetal exposure. Androstenedione | bisphenol A | Estradiol | Estriol | Estrone | Testosterone Controls for disease:Cryptorchidism | Subjects with disease:Cryptorchidism | Infants or newborns France blood, cord Androstenedione | bisphenol A | Estradiol | Estriol | Estrone | Testosterone Details
14. Shapiro GD, et al. (2015). Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC) Study Our findings add to the growing body of evidence supporting the role of maternal arsenic exposure as a risk factor for gestational diabetes; however, no statistically significant associations were observed for phthalates, bisphenol A, or other metals. Arsenic | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Lead | Mercury | Phthalic Acids Subjects with disease:Diabetes, Gestational | Subjects with disease:Glucose Intolerance | Pregnant females Canada blood | urine Arsenic | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate Details Diabetes, Gestational | Glucose Intolerance
15. Thayer KA, et al. (2016). Our results indicate that thermal paper is a potential source of exposure to bisphenol A and similar compounds for cashiers and may be a source of exposure for other occupations in which frequent contact with thermal paper occurs. bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfone | bisphenol A Workers United States paper | urine bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfone | bisphenol A Details
16. Melzer D, et al. (2011). InCHIANTI Study Because activation of nuclear-receptor-mediated pathways by bisphenol A is consistently found in laboratory studies, such activation in humans provides evidence that bisphenol A is likely to function as a xenoestrogen in this sample of adults. bisphenol A Study subjects Italy urine bisphenol A Details intracellular estrogen receptor signaling pathway
17. Hoepner LA, et al. (2016). Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) Analyses of the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health longitudinal birth cohort found associations between prenatal urinary bisphenol A concentrations and fat mass index, % body fat and waist circumference. sex bisphenol A Children | Pregnant females United States urine bisphenol A Details Obesity | adipose tissue development
18. Shankar A, et al. (2011). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Urinary bisphenol A levels are found to be associated with diabetes mellitus independent of traditional diabetes risk factors. bisphenol A Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus United States urine bisphenol A Details Diabetes Mellitus
19. Silver MK, et al. (2011). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Although higher urinary bisphenol A was associated with elevated hemoglobin A1c and type 2 diabetes mellitus in the pooled analysis, it was driven by data from only one NHANES cycle. bisphenol A Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A Details Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
20. Chou WC, et al. (2011). Elevated prenatal bisphenol A exposure increased the risk of lower birth weight, smaller size for gestational age, and adverse actions of adipokines in neonates, especially in male infants. sex bisphenol A Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Taiwan, Province of China blood, cord | plasma | serum | serum, cord bisphenol A Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | metabolic process
21. Lakind JS, et al. (2012). Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) For this paper, we analyzed spot urinary bisphenol A data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and Canadian Health Measures Survey to highlight important methodological issues that should be reviewed before comparing population exposures using these data sets. bisphenol A Study subjects Canada|United States urine bisphenol A Details
22. Melzer D, et al. (2012). European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Study Associations between higher bisphenol A exposure (reflected in higher urinary concentrations) and incident coronary artery disease during >10 years of follow-up showed trends similar to previously reported cross-sectional findings in the more highly exposed NHANES respondents. bisphenol A Controls for disease:Coronary Artery Disease | Subjects with disease:Coronary Artery Disease United Kingdom urine bisphenol A Details Coronary Artery Disease
23. Shankar A, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We observed a positive association between increasing levels of urinary bisphenol A and hypertension independent of confounding factors such as age, gender, race/ethnicity, smoking, body mass index, diabetes mellitus and total serum cholesterol levels. bisphenol A Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A Details Hypertension
24. Nelson JW, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) In these data, family income with adjustment for family size was the strongest predictor of bisphenol A and polyfluoroalkyl chemicals levels among the different measures of socioeconomic position we studied. socioeconomic status bisphenol A Children | Study subjects United States serum | urine bisphenol A | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluoro-n-nonanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid Details
25. Li M, et al. (2012). This study demonstrated that bisphenol A exposure was associated with an increased risk of low-grade albuminuria in Chinese adults. sex bisphenol A Subjects with disease:Albuminuria | Study subjects China urine bisphenol A Details Albuminuria
26. Nahar MS, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Urban and rural Egyptian girls exhibited similar concentrations of urinary total bisphenol A, and were significantly lower compared to age-matched American girls. race bisphenol A Children Egypt|United States urine bisphenol A Details
27. Perera F, et al. (2012). Our results suggest that prenatal exposure to bisphenol A may affect child behavior, and differently among boys and girls. sex bisphenol A Children | Fetuses | Pregnant females United States urine bisphenol A Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | behavior
28. Shankar A, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Urinary bisphenol A levels were significantly associated with peripheral arterial disease, independent of traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors. race | sex | tobacco bisphenol A Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A Details Peripheral Arterial Disease
29. Shankar A, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) In a contemporary general population sample of US adults, we found that higher urinary bisphenol A positively associated with obesity in the whole population as well as in subgroup analysis by gender and race/ethnicity. bisphenol A Controls for disease:Obesity | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A Details Obesity
30. LaKind JS, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) With scientifically and clinically supportable exclusion criteria and outcome definitions, we consistently found no associations between urinary bisphenol A and heart disease or diabetes across four NHANES datasets. bisphenol A Study subjects United States urine Details Diabetes Mellitus | Heart Diseases
31. Bhandari R, et al. (2013). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) In a representative sample of children, urinary bisphenol A was associated with obesity, predominantly in non-Hispanic white boys, independent of major risk factors. race | sex bisphenol A Children United States urine bisphenol A Details Obesity
32. Kim JH, et al. (2013). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) These data indicate that bisphenol A may affect human health through specific epigenomic modification of genes in relevant pathways. bisphenol A Children Egypt urine bisphenol A Details DNA methylation
33. Li DK, et al. (2013). Our study indicated that exposure to high bisphenol A level may contribute to childhood obesity. sex bisphenol A Children China urine bisphenol A Details Overweight
34. Eng DS, et al. (2013). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Higher levels of urinary bisphenol A were associated with a higher odds of obesity and abnormal waist circumference-to-height ratio. bisphenol A Children United States urine bisphenol A Details Obesity
35. Valvi D, et al. (2013). This study provides some evidence for an association between prenatal bisphenol A (BPA) exposure and obesity-related outcomes in childhood, although not in infancy. The large uncertainties in BPA exposure assessment require that findings be interpreted with caution. age bisphenol A Children | Pregnant females Spain urine bisphenol A Details Obesity | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
36. Cox KJ, et al. (2016). Home Observation of Periconceptional Exposures (HOPE) Study Our goal was to describe the distribution of bisphenol A concentrations in serial urinary specimens, assess temporal variability, and provide estimates of exposure classification when randomly selected samples are used to predict average exposure. bisphenol A Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A Details
37. Casey MF, et al. (2013). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Using NHANES data from three cycles, we explored the consistency and robustness of reported effects of bisphenol A on chronic disease outcomes, and found that limitations in the NHANES data and a poor understanding of the mode of action of bisphenol A have made it difficult to develop informative statistical models. bisphenol A Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A Details
38. Lassen TH, et al. (2014). We found that 98% of young men from the general population had detectable urinary levels of bisphenol A, and this was associated with altered levels of reproductive hormones and decreased motile spermatozoa. bisphenol A Study subjects Denmark serum | urine bisphenol A | Estradiol | LHB | Testosterone Details estradiol secretion | luteinizing hormone secretion | sperm motility | testosterone biosynthetic process | testosterone secretion
39. Braun JM, et al. (2014). Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment (HOME) Prenatal and early-childhood bisphenol A (BPA) exposures were not associated with increased body mass index at 2-5 years of age, but higher early-childhood BPA exposures were associated with accelerated growth during this period. bisphenol A Children | Pregnant females United States urine bisphenol A Details
40. Khan A, et al. (2017). Ewha Birth & Growth Cohort Study We conducted a high-resolution metabolomics study and detected elevated metabolites of steroidogenesis and amino acid metabolism in preadolescent female children with high urinary bisphenol A levels. sex bisphenol A Children Korea, Republic of urine 22-hydroxycholesterol | 3-methoxytyramine | aerobactin | Androstenedione | anthranilic acid | bisphenol A | Carnitine | Cholesterol | Corticosterone | cortolone | crotonyl-coenzyme A | Cytidine Monophosphate N-Acetylneuraminic Acid | cytidine monophosphate-N-glycoloylneuraminic acid | estrone sulfate | fructose-6-phosphate | glucosaminic acid | Hydrocortisone | isocaproaldehyde | Malonyl Coenzyme A | N-acetylmuramic acid | N-acetylserotonin | phenylacetylglycine | Pregnanediol | Progesterone | testosterone glucuronate Details regulation of cellular amino acid metabolic process | regulation of steroid biosynthetic process
41. Miao M, et al. (2017). Bisphenol A exposure was associated with alterations in the timing of pubertal development. bisphenol A Children China urine bisphenol A Details developmental process involved in reproduction
42. Nepomnaschy PA, et al. (2009). North Carolina Early Pregnancy Study (EPS) The similar distribution to NHANES samples and correlation of bisphenol A levels taken at 2-week intervals provide indirect evidence that bisphenol A is relatively stable during long-term freezer storage. bisphenol A Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A Details
43. Lim YH, et al. (2017). Environment and Development of Children (EDC) Study Prenatal and postnatal bisphenol A exposure is associated with social impairment at 4 years of age, particularly in girls. sex bisphenol A Children | Pregnant females Korea, Republic of urine bisphenol A Details social behavior
44. Braun JM, et al. (2009). Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment (HOME) These results suggest that prenatal bisphenol A exposure may be associated with externalizing behaviors in 2-year-old children, especially among female children. age | sex bisphenol A Children | Pregnant females United States urine bisphenol A Details Neurologic Manifestations | behavior
45. Melzer D, et al. (2010). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Higher Bisphenol A (BPA) exposure, reflected in higher urinary concentrations of BPA, is consistently associated with reported heart disease in the general adult population of the USA. bisphenol A Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A Details Angina Pectoris | Coronary Disease | Diabetes Mellitus | Myocardial Infarction | alkaline phosphatase activity | lactate dehydrogenase activity
46. Lakind JS, et al. (2011). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) On the basis of an assessment of urinary bisphenol A and questionnaire data, consumption of soda, school lunches, and meals prepared outside the home - but not bottled water or canned tuna - was statistically significantly associated with higher urinary bisphenol A. diet bisphenol A Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A Details
47. Li DK, et al. (2010). Our results reveal a correlation between a biological measure of urine bisphenol A level and declining male sexual function. bisphenol A Workers China urine bisphenol A Details Erectile Dysfunction | penile erection
48. Meeker JD, et al. (2010). We found that urinary bisphenol A concentrations measured in spot urine samples collected on the same day as a semen sample were associated with suggestive declines in semen quality parameters and with increased sperm DNA damage (measured as Tail%). bisphenol A Subjects with disease:Infertility, Male | Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A Details Infertility, Male | spermatogenesis | sperm motility
49. Galloway T, et al. (2010). InCHIANTI Study We estimated daily excretion of bisphenol A among adults and examined hypothesized associations with serum estrogen and testosterone concentrations. bisphenol A Study subjects Italy urine bisphenol A Details hormone metabolic process
50. Cantonwine D, et al. (2010). Early Life Exposure in Mexico to Environmental Toxicants (ELEMENT) This study also provides preliminary evidence, based on a single spot urine sample collected during the third trimester, that pregnant women who delivered less than or equal to 37 weeks of gestation and prematurely had higher urinary concentrations of bisphenol A compared to women delivering after 37 weeks. bisphenol A Pregnant females Mexico urine bisphenol A Details
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