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These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–50 of 71 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Johnson NM, et al. (2010). Findings suggest that the incidence and level of aflatoxins and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure was less than that observed in a high-risk population; however, participants consuming higher amounts of foods prone to aflatoxin contamination may be more vulnerable to exposure and interactions with other environmental/biological factors (i.e., hepatitis C virus). diet 1-hydroxypyrene | Aflatoxin M1 Study subjects United States urine 1-hydroxypyrene | Aflatoxin M1 Details
2. Brody JG, et al. (2009). Northern California Household Exposure Study In this study, we found that cumulative air pollution burdens were more pronounced indoors than outdoors in an urban industrial environmental justice community in comparison with a rural community. 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium United States air, indoor | air, outdoor 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium Details
3. Ayotte P, et al. (2005). In summary, we found no relation between biomarkers of organochlorine exposure and markers of hepatic enzyme induction in this highly exposed group of fish eaters from the Lower North Shore of the St. Lawrence River. Our results suggest that smoking induces liver CYP1A2 activity, which in turn alters porphyrin metabolism and increases the biotransformation of mono-ortho polychlorinated biphenyls. tobacco 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Mirex | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Study subjects Canada plasma | urine 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Coproporphyrins | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Glucaric Acid | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Mirex | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Uroporphyrins Details enzyme activator activity
4. Patel CJ, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We screened for correlation between environmental factors and lipid levels, utilizing four independent surveys with information on 188 environmental factors from the Centers of Disease Control, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, collected between 1999 and 2006. age | body mass index | race | sex | socioeconomic status 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,3-bis(3'-hydroxybenzyl)butyrolactone | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-hydroxyfluorene | alpha-Tocopherol | Ascorbic Acid | beta Carotene | Cotinine | Cryptoxanthins | Fluorenes | Folic Acid | gamma-Tocopherol | Heptachlor Epoxide | Iron | Lycopene | Mercury | nonachlor | oxychlordane | retinol palmitate | retinyl stearate | Vitamin A | Vitamin D Study subjects United States Details cholesterol metabolic process | triglyceride metabolic process
5. Huang YF, et al. (2017). Our results support a role for exposure to 4-nonylphenol and bisphenol A and possibly inflammation in increasing oxidative/nitrative stress and decreasing antioxidant activity during pregnancy. 4-nonylphenol | bisphenol A Pregnant females Taiwan, Province of China blood | blood, cord | urine 4-nonylphenol | 8-epi-prostaglandin F2alpha | 8-nitroguanine | 8-oxo-7-hydrodeoxyguanosine | bisphenol A | GPX1 | TNF Details negative regulation of glutathione peroxidase activity | tumor necrosis factor production
6. Ferguson KK, et al. (2016). In the present mediation analysis we statistically demonstrate within a causal framework that the relationship between phthalate exposure and spontaneous preterm birth is mediated in part by phthalate-induced oxidative stress, which has not been elucidated clearly in human or animal studies previously. 8-epi-prostaglandin F2alpha | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | monobutyl phthalate Pregnant females United States urine Details Premature Birth | detection of oxidative stress
7. Laurent O, et al. (2016). In our statewide nested case-control study population, exposures to both primary and secondary pollutants were associated with an increase in preterm birth. Aerosols | Ammonium Compounds | Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chromium | Gasoline | Iron | Magnesium | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Strontium | Sulfates | Titanium | Zinc Pregnant females United States air Aerosols | Ammonium Compounds | Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chromium | Gasoline | Iron | Magnesium | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Strontium | Sulfates | Titanium | Zinc Details Premature Birth
8. Groopman JD, et al. (2014). In this study we have found that aflatoxin exposure is ubiquitous among at least some of the rural populations of Nepal and Bangladesh, as assessed by a robust mass spectrometry-based albumin adduct biomarker. Aflatoxin B1 Children | Fetuses | Pregnant females Bangladesh|Nepal blood | blood, cord | serum aflatoxin B1-lysine adduct Details
9. Lai H, et al. (2014). The findings of this study indicate that occupational aflatoxin B1 airway exposure might be associated with the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma among factory workers. Aflatoxin B1 Controls for disease:Carcinoma, Hepatocellular | Subjects with disease:Carcinoma, Hepatocellular | Workers China dust | serum aflatoxin-albumin adduct | Aflatoxin B1 Details Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
10. Chen C, et al. (2018). Malnutrition and Enteric Disease Study (MAL-ED) Relatively low aflatoxin exposure at 24 months was not linked with growth impairment, while fumonisin exposure at 24-36 months based on the UFB1 biomarkers may contribute to the high growth impairment rate among children of Haydom, Tanzania; which may be associated with their breast feeding and weaning practices. aflatoxin B1-lysine adduct | Aflatoxins | fumonisin B1 | Fumonisins Children Tanzania, United Republic of plasma | urine aflatoxin B1-lysine adduct | fumonisin B1 Details developmental growth
11. Jager AV, et al. (2014). We performed a longitudinal assessment to evaluate the short-term exposure to aflatoxins in Sao Paulo (Brazil) by determination of urine levels: aflatoxin M1 was found (but there was no significant difference among the mean levels in four sampling periods), and the levels indicate a low short-term exposure to aflatoxins through the diet. diet Aflatoxins Study subjects Brazil urine Aflatoxin M1 Details
12. Liu Y, et al. (2010). Aflatoxin may play a causative role in 4.6-28.2% of all global hepatocellular carcinoma cases. Aflatoxins Study subjects Argentina|Australia|
Brazil|China|
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the|Egypt|
Ethiopia|Gambia|
India|Indonesia|
Iran, Islamic Republic of|Kenya|
Korea, Republic of|Malaysia|
Mexico|Mozambique|
Nigeria|Pakistan|
Philippines|South Africa|
Sudan|Tanzania, United Republic of|
Thailand|United States|
Zimbabwe
Aflatoxins Details Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
13. Mitchell NJ, et al. (2017). Malnutrition and Enteric Disease Study (MAL-ED) Exposure to aflatoxin (a mycotoxin common in maize and groundnuts) has been associated with childhood stunting in sub-Saharan Africa; in an effort to further our understanding of growth impairment in relation to mycotoxins, biospecimens from a cohort of children in Bhaktapur (Nepal) were assessed for aflatoxin exposure at 15, 24, and 36 months of age. age Aflatoxins Children Nepal serum aflatoxin B1-lysine adduct Details
14. Mizrak D, et al. (2009). We have documented that in viral hepatitis patients, aflatoxin exposure is significantly higher than in healthy subjects in Turkey and it may play an important role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. diet | disease Aflatoxins Controls for disease:Hepatitis, Viral, Human | Subjects with disease:Hepatitis, Viral, Human Turkey serum Aflatoxin B1 | aflatoxin B2 | aflatoxin G1 | aflatoxin G2 Details
15. Yard EE, et al. (2013). Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey (KAIS) Our findings suggest that aflatoxin exposure is a public health problem throughout Kenya, and it could be substantially impacting human health. Aflatoxins Pregnant females | Study subjects Kenya serum aflatoxin B1-lysine adduct Details
16. Shirima CP, et al. (2015). We investigated the association between child growth and aflatoxin and fumonisin exposure in Tanzania. Aflatoxins | fumonisin B1 Children Tanzania, United Republic of plasma | urine aflatoxin-albumin adduct | fumonisin B1 Details Growth Disorders
17. Lundström SL, et al. (2011). Several of the altered oxylipins have known or suspected bronchoprotective or anti-inflammatory effects, suggesting a possible reduced anti-inflammatory response in asthmatics following exposure to subway air. disease Air Pollutants Controls for disease:Asthma | Subjects with disease:Asthma Sweden lung 12,13-epoxy-9- keto-10-octadecenoic acid | 12-Hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic Acid | 13-hydroxy-9,11-octadecadienoic acid | 13-Hydroxy-octadecatrienoic acid | 13-oxo-9,11-octadecadienoic acid | 15-hydroxy-5,8,11,13,17-eicosapentaenoic acid | 15-hydroxy-5,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid | 15-hydroxyeicosatrienoic acid | 15-keto-5,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid | 17-hydroxy-4,7,10,13,15,19-docosahexaenoic acid | 5,6-epoxy-8,11,14-eicosatrienoic acid | 5-hydroxy-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid | 8,9-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid | 9,10,13-trihydroxyoctadec-11-enoic acid | 9,12,13-trihydroxy-10-octadecenoic acid | 9-hydroxy-10,12-octadecadienoic acid | 9-oxo-10,12-octadecadienoic acid | ALOX15 | Dinoprostone | Leukotriene B4 | PPARG | Prostaglandin D2 | PTGS1 | PTGS2 | Thromboxane B2 Details negative regulation of inflammatory response | oxylipin biosynthetic process
18. Thurston GD, et al. (2011). Using daily fine particulate matter (PM2.5) composition data, we applied multivariate methods to identify and quantify the major fine particulate matter source components in the U.S. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter United States air, ambient Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chlorine | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details
19. Zhang J, et al. (2013). Health Effects of an Air Pollution Reduction Trial (HEART) Changes in air pollution levels during the 2008 Summer Olympics (Beijing, China) were associated with acute changes in biomarkers of pulmonary and systemic inflammation, oxidative stress, and hemostasis and in measures of cardiovascular physiology (heart rate and systolic blood pressure) in healthy, young adults, supporting the hypothesized mechanistic pathways underlying the cardiorespiratory effects of air pollution. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Study subjects China air, ambient | air, breath, exhaled | blood 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | acenaphthylene | Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(e)pyrene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Cadmium | Calcium | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | CD40LG | Chromium | chrysene | Cobalt | Copper | fluoranthene | fluorene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Nitrites | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Phosphorus | Potassium | pyrene | Selenium | SELP | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide | Thallium | Thorium | Titanium | Uranium | Vanadium | VWF | Zinc Details platelet aggregation | regulation of blood pressure | regulation of heart rate
20. Cao J, et al. (2012). Our findings suggest that Particulate Matter (PM2.5) constituents from the combustion of fossil fuel may have an appreciable influence on the health effects attributable to PM2.5 in Xi'an. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter China air Arsenic | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorides | Chlorine | Chromium | Fluorides | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrites | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfates | Sulfur | Sulfur Dioxide | Titanium | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Respiration Disorders
21. Belanger K, et al. (2003). In a cohort of 849 infants with an asthmatic sibling, the authors examined the relations of exposure to allergens (dust mite, cockroach, cat, and dog), nitrogen dioxide, and mold with symptoms of wheeze and persistent cough in the first year of life (1998-2000). disease | race | sex | socioeconomic status allergen Bla g 1 | Allergens | Nitrogen Dioxide Infants or newborns United States Details Cough | Respiratory Sounds
22. Le Bot B, et al. (2016). We measured 26 inorganic compounds in the tap water of representative homes of children in metropolitan France in 2008-2009. diet Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Cerium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Strontium | Thallium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Children France water, drinking Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Cerium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Strontium | Thallium | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
23. Concha G, et al. (2010). We analyzed numerous elements in drinking water collected in Andes villages (Argentina), and in urine of the inhabitants; besides confirmation of elevated arsenic concentrations in the drinking water, we found remarkably high concentrations of lithium, cesium, rubidium, and boron, and similarly elevated concentrations were found in urine of women. diet Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chlorine | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Phosphorus | Rubidium | Silicon | Strontium | Sulfur | Thorium | Tin | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Study subjects Argentina urine | water, drinking | water, tap Aluminum | Antimony | Arsenic | Barium | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chlorine | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Phosphorus | Rubidium | Silicon | Strontium | Sulfur | Thorium | Tin | Uranium | Vanadium | Zinc Details
24. Rango T, et al. (2015). This study explored the concentrations of inorganic contaminants in drinking water sources from chronic kidney disease of unknown origin (CKDu) endemic and nonendemic areas, and we were unable to establish a clear link between nephrotoxic contaminant levels and the presence of CKDu. Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorine | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Fluorine | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Seaborgium | Silver | Strontium | Thallium | Thorium | Uranium | Zinc Controls for disease:Renal Insufficiency, Chronic | Subjects with disease:Renal Insufficiency, Chronic | Study subjects Sri Lanka urine Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Beryllium | Boron | Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorine | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Fluorine | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Seaborgium | Silver | Strontium | Thallium | Thorium | Uranium | Zinc Details
25. Ye D, et al. (2018). Aerosol Research and Inhalation Epidemiology Study (ARIES) Our study suggests cardiovascular effects of certain water-soluble metals, particularly water-soluble iron. Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Calcium | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide | Titanium | Vanadium | Zinc Study subjects United States air, ambient Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Calcium | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide | Titanium | Vanadium | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases
26. Hou L, et al. (2014). Beijing Truck Driver Air Pollution Study (BTDAS) In this study, we evaluated the effects of PM elemental components on methylation of three tandem repeats in a highly-exposed population in Beijing, China. Aluminum | Calcium | Iron | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Titanium | Zinc Workers China Aluminum | Calcium | Iron | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Titanium | Zinc Details methylation
27. Williams DL, et al. (2011). These findings demonstrate that dairy operations increase community exposures to agents with known human health effects. This study also provides evidence that airborne biological contaminants (i.e. cow allergen) associated with airborne particulate matter are statistically elevated at distances up to three miles (4.8 km) from dairy operations. Ammonia | Bos d 2 allergen | Dust United States air, indoor | air, outdoor Ammonia | Bos d 2 allergen | Dust Details
28. Tischer C, et al. (2016). Lifestyle-Related factors on the Immune System and the Development of Allergies in Childhood plus the influence of traffic emissions and genetics (LISAplus) We observed a significant reduced risk for developing specific allergic sensitization to aeroallergens in early childhood after exposure to higher fungal diversity around birth, but with attenuated effects until later childhood. Antigens, Bacterial | Antigens, Fungal Children Germany dust Antigens, Bacterial | Antigens, Fungal Details Respiratory Hypersensitivity | Respiratory Sounds | sensitization
29. Stamp LK, et al. (2015). We have replicated findings identifying dust exposure (grain and silica) and farm exposure as risk factors for granulomatosis with polyangiitis; we have shown activities associated with exposure to inhaled antigens (in particular those related to farming or gardening) may increase the risk of the disease. Antigens | Dust | Silicon Dioxide Controls for disease:Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis | Subjects with disease:Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis New Zealand Details Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis
30. Loo CK, et al. (2010). Toronto Child Health Evaluation Questionnaire (TCHEQ) Questionnaire reports of a cat, of a gas stove, of mice as pests, of musty odours, and of the home's age predicted objectively measured concentrations of pollutants in the home at levels that may be associated with adverse health outcomes. Antigens, Dermatophagoides | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Canada air | dust Antigens, Dermatophagoides | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Details
31. Brough HA, et al. (2015). Consortium of Food Allergy Research Observational Study (CoFAR) Exposure to peanut antigen in dust through an impaired skin barrier in atopically inflamed skin is a plausible route for peanut skin sensitization and peanut allergy. diet | disease Antigens, Plant Children | Subjects with disease:Dermatitis, Atopic United States dust Antigens, Plant Details Peanut Hypersensitivity
32. Zablotska LB, et al. (2008). Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study (HEALS) Intakes of B-vitamins and antioxidants, at doses greater than the current recommended daily amounts for the country, may reduce the risk of arsenic-related skin lesions in Bangladesh. age | body mass index | sex | socioeconomic status Arsenic | Ascorbic Acid | Folic Acid | Pyridoxine | Riboflavin | Vitamin A | Vitamin E Study subjects Bangladesh Details Skin Ulcer
33. Hansen AF, et al. (2017). Nord-Trondelag Health (HUNT3) Survey Our results suggest a possible role of bromine, cadmium, chromium, iron, nickel, silver and zinc in the development of type 2 diabetes. Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Study subjects Norway blood Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
34. Simić A, et al. (2017). Nord-Trondelag Health (HUNT3) Survey This study suggests an association between prevalent type 2 diabetes and blood levels of boron, calcium, indium, lead, magnesium and silver. Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Study subjects Norway blood Arsenic | Boron | Bromine | Cadmium | Calcium | Cesium | Chromium | Copper | Gallium | Gold | Indium | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rubidium | Selenium | Silver | Strontium | Tantalum | Thallium | Tin | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
35. Rotter I, et al. (2015). The primary aim of the study was to assess the relationship of blood heavy metal and bioelement concentrations and Metabolic Syndrome, in men aged 50-75 years. Arsenic | Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Selenium | Tungsten | Zinc Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Controls for disease:Hypertension | Subjects with disease:Hypertension | Controls for disease:Metabolic Syndrome | Subjects with disease:Metabolic Syndrome | Controls for disease:Obesity | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Controls for disease:Overweight | Subjects with disease:Overweight | Study subjects Poland blood | serum Arsenic | Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Selenium | Tungsten | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Hypertension | Metabolic Syndrome | Obesity | Overweight | cholesterol homeostasis | insulin metabolic process | regulation of blood pressure | triglyceride homeostasis
36. Kippler M, et al. (2016). Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab (MINIMat) Despite decreased water arsenic concentrations in rural Bangladesh, the children still have elevated exposure, largely from food (such as rice). diet Arsenic | Calcium | Iron | Magnesium | Manganese Children | Pregnant females Bangladesh urine | water, drinking Arsenicals | Arsenic | Calcium | Iron | Magnesium | Manganese Details
37. Thurston GD, et al. (2016). American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study II (ACS CPS-II) Long-term fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposures from fossil fuel combustion, especially coal burning but also from diesel traffic, were associated with increases in ischemic heart disease mortality in this nationwide population. Arsenic | Carbon | Chlorine | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Soot | Sulfur Study subjects United States air, ambient | soil Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chlorine | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details Death | Myocardial Ischemia
38. Rosado JL, et al. (2007). Children living in an area contaminated with both arsenic and lead showed that arsenic contamination can affect children's cognitive development, independent of any effect of lead. sex | socioeconomic status Arsenic | Copper | Lead | Zinc | zinc protoporphyrin Children Mexico blood | urine Arsenic | Copper | Lead | Zinc | zinc protoporphyrin Details cognition
39. Zhang H, et al. (2017). Risk Evaluation of Cancers in Chinese Diabetic Individuals: a Longitudinal (REACTION) Study Serum magnesium levels are decreased and serum copper, zinc and selenium levels are elevated in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Beryllium | Calcium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Indium | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rhenium | Scandium | Selenium | Strontium | Zinc Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Study subjects China serum Beryllium | Calcium | Chromium | Cobalt | Copper | Indium | Iron | Lead | Lithium | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Rhenium | Scandium | Selenium | Strontium | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus
40. Liu L, et al. (2017). In an experimental situation, ambient coarse particulate matter (and its biological constituents of endotoxin and beta-1,3-D-glucan) may influence neural biomarker levels that reflect perturbations of blood-brain barrier integrity and systemic stress response in volunteers. beta-1,3-D-glucan | Endotoxins | Particulate Matter Study subjects Canada blood | urine Hydrocortisone | S100B | UCHL1 | Vanilmandelic Acid Details
41. Gromadzinska J, et al. (2018). Polish Mother and Child Cohort Study The interaction between smoking during pregnancy and vitamins levels on the risk of allergy was not statistically significant (p > 0.4). tobacco beta Carotene | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Vitamin A | Vitamin E Children | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Poland blood, cord | plasma beta Carotene | Vitamin A | Vitamin E Details Hypersensitivity
42. Khan A, et al. (2017). Ewha Birth & Growth Cohort Study We conducted a high-resolution metabolomics study and detected elevated metabolites of steroidogenesis and amino acid metabolism in preadolescent female children with high urinary bisphenol A levels. sex bisphenol A Children Korea, Republic of urine 22-hydroxycholesterol | 3-methoxytyramine | aerobactin | Androstenedione | anthranilic acid | bisphenol A | Carnitine | Cholesterol | Corticosterone | cortolone | crotonyl-coenzyme A | Cytidine Monophosphate N-Acetylneuraminic Acid | cytidine monophosphate-N-glycoloylneuraminic acid | estrone sulfate | fructose-6-phosphate | glucosaminic acid | Hydrocortisone | isocaproaldehyde | Malonyl Coenzyme A | N-acetylmuramic acid | N-acetylserotonin | phenylacetylglycine | Pregnanediol | Progesterone | testosterone glucuronate Details regulation of cellular amino acid metabolic process | regulation of steroid biosynthetic process
43. Wallin M, et al. (2013). This study provides support for an association between kidney Cadmium levels and urinary calcium excretion in women, but not in men. Cadmium Study subjects Sweden kidney | serum | urine Cadmium | Calcifediol | Calcitriol | Calcium | Parathyroid Hormone Details calcium ion homeostasis
44. Sughis M, et al. (2011). We found a consistent association between biomarkers of bone resorption and bone demineralization and Cd exposure in 10-year old children. Cadmium Children Pakistan urine Cadmium | Calcium | deoxypyridinoline Details bone mineralization | bone resorption
45. Schutte R, et al. (2008). Cadmium in Belgium Study (CadmiBel) | Public Health and Environmental Exposure to Cadmium Study (PheeCad) In the absence of renal tubular dysfunction, environmental exposure to cadmium increases bone resorption in women, suggesting a direct osteotoxic effect with increased calciuria and reactive changes in calciotropic hormones. Cadmium | Calcium Study subjects Belgium blood | serum | urine Cadmium | Calcium | PTH Details bone resorption
46. Bunio A, et al. (2010). We present contents of elements in rainwater for 12 counties in Poland, and then provide relationships between these elements and hospitalization frequencies due to diabetes and obesity, and find in cases of diabetes relevant correlation indicators for chromium, cadmium, and lead, and borderline relevance for copper and zinc; for diabetic men, the statistically relevant correlations were for chromium, lead, cadmium, copper, chloride, zinc, and iron; for women, the only relevant correlations were for chromium and cadmium; no significant correlations were found for obesity. sex Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorides | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrites | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfates | Zinc Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Study subjects Poland water, rain Cadmium | Calcium | Chlorides | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrites | Potassium | Sodium | Sulfates | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus
47. Park SB, et al. (2009). We investigated possible relationships between minerals and metabolic syndrome; the hair tissue contents of calcium, magnesium, and copper in the metabolic syndrome group were significantly lower than those of controls, whereas the amounts of sodium, potassium, and mercury in the metabolic syndrome group were significantly higher. Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Zinc Controls for disease:Metabolic Syndrome | Subjects with disease:Metabolic Syndrome | Study subjects Korea, Republic of hair Aluminum | Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Potassium | Selenium | Sodium | Zinc Details Metabolic Syndrome
48. Akesson A, et al. (2005). Women's Health in the Lund Area Study (WHILA) This population-based study of upper-middle-age women, representative of the general population of southern Sweden, showed clear associations between cadmium and the renal tubular-effect markers protein HC and NAG, even at the low levels of cadmium found in never-smokers. Cadmium | Creatinine | Lead Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Study subjects Sweden blood | serum | urine AMBP | Cadmium | Calcium | Creatinine | CST3 | Lead Details glomerular filtration | renal system process
49. Janssen NA, et al. (2005). The findings of this study provide support for using fixed site measurements as a measure of exposure to particulate matter in time series studies linking the day to day variation in particulate matter to the day to day variation in health endpoints, especially for components of particulate matter that are generally associated with fine particles and have few indoor sources. Calcium | Chlorine | Copper | Iron | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Subjects with disease:Cardiovascular Diseases Finland|Netherlands air Calcium | Chlorine | Copper | Iron | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Silicon | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details
50. Ferrandiz J, et al. (2004). We used exposure analysis to assess the effect of both protective factors-calcium and magnesium-on mortality from cerebrovascular (ICD-9 430-438) and ischemic heart (ICD-9 410-414) diseases. This study provides statistical evidence of the relationship between mortality from cardiovascular diseases and hardness of drinking water. Calcium | Magnesium Study subjects Spain Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Cerebrovascular Disorders | Death
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