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Chemical Dibutyl Phthalate

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–34 of 34 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Dodson RE, et al. (2015). California Household Exposure Study (CAHES) We collected house dust and indoor air samples in 49 California homes and analyzed for 76 semivolatile organic compounds-phthalates, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and pesticides. 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1-methylphenanthrene | 1-nitropyrene | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene | 4-nitrotoluene | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | alachlor | Aldrin | anthracene | Atrazine | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(j)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | benzothiophene | butylbenzyl phthalate | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | chrysene | cyanazine | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | dibenzo(a,e)pyrene | dibenzothiophene | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-pentyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | Endrin | fluoranthene | fluorene | Heptachlor | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lindane | Malathion | Methoxychlor | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | nitrofen | Parathion | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Permethrin | phenanthrene | Phenanthrenes | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | Simazine | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin | tris(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphate United States dust 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1-methylphenanthrene | 1-nitropyrene | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene | 4-nitrotoluene | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | alachlor | Aldrin | anthracene | Atrazine | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(j)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | benzothiophene | butylbenzyl phthalate | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | chrysene | cyanazine | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | dibenzo(a,e)pyrene | dibenzothiophene | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-pentyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | Endrin | fluoranthene | fluorene | Heptachlor | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lindane | Malathion | Methoxychlor | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | nitrofen | Parathion | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Permethrin | phenanthrene | Phenanthrenes | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | Simazine | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin | tris(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphate Details
2. LaRocca J, et al. (2015). Harvard Epigenetic Birth Cohort (HEBC) These results suggest that prenatal phenol and phthalate exposure is associated with altered microRNA expression in placenta, suggesting a potential mechanism of endocrine-disrupting chemicals toxicity in humans. 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | Parabens | Phenols | Phthalic Acids | propylparaben | Triclosan Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States placenta | urine 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,5-dichlorophenol | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | butylparaben | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | methylparaben | MIR142 | MIR15A | MIR185 | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details regulation of gene silencing by miRNA
3. Nazaroff W, et al. (2012). The study introduces the intake-to-production ratio as an economy-wide quantitative indicator of the extent to which chemical production results in human exposure. This ratio is well suited as an aggregate metric of exposure intensity for characterizing population-level exposure to synthesized chemicals, particularly those that move fairly rapidly from manufacture to human intake and have relatively stable production and intake rates. 4-dichlorobenzene | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | methylparaben | Triclosan Study subjects United States 4-dichlorobenzene | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | methylparaben | Triclosan Details
4. Dodson RE, et al. (2012). Common products contain complex mixtures of Endocrine-disrupting compounds and asthma-related compounds. 4-nonylphenol | 4-tert-octylphenol | benzophenone | benzyl acetate | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | decamethylcyclopentasiloxane | Dibutyl Phthalate | dicyclohexyl phthalate | diethanolamine | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | Ethanolamine | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Eugenol | galaxolide | limonene | linalool | methyleugenol | methylionone | methylparaben | methyl salicylate | musk ketone | musk xylene | n-butoxyethanol | octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane | octylmethoxycinnamate | oxybenzone | phenoxyethanol | Phenyl Ethers | Phenylethyl Alcohol | pichtosin | triclocarban | Triclosan United States air freshener | air freshener, car | baking soda | bar soap | body lotion | body wash | Borax | car interior cleaner | carpet cleaner | cat litter | conditioner | deodorant | diaper | dish liquid | dishwasher detergent | dryer sheet | fabric refresher | facial cleanser | facial lotion | floor cleaner | foundation | fragrance or perfume | glass cleaner | hair gel | hair spray or mousse or gel | hand sanitizer | hand soap | laundry bleach | laundry detergent | lip balm | lipstick | mascara | nail polish | pillow protector | polish or wax | scrubbing powder | shampoo | shaving cream | shower curtain, vinyl | stain remover | sunscreen | sunscreen composite | surface cleaner | toilet bowl cleaner | toothpaste | tub and tile cleaner | wet mop 4-nonylphenol | 4-tert-octylphenol | benzophenone | benzyl acetate | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | decamethylcyclopentasiloxane | Dibutyl Phthalate | dicyclohexyl phthalate | diethanolamine | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | Ethanolamine | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Eugenol | galaxolide | limonene | linalool | methyleugenol | methylionone | methylparaben | methyl salicylate | musk ketone | musk xylene | n-butoxyethanol | octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane | octylmethoxycinnamate | oxybenzone | phenoxyethanol | Phenyl Ethers | Phenylethyl Alcohol | pichtosin | triclocarban | Triclosan Details
5. Shin HM, et al. (2014). Early Autism Risk Longitudinal Investigation (EARLI) A total of six phthalates, four personal care product ingredients, and five flame retardants were analyzed in household dust from 30 homes in three different regions in the U.S. Aminobenzoates | Benzopyrans | butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | Flame Retardants | octylmethoxycinnamate | Tetrahydronaphthalenes | triphenyl phosphate | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(chloroethyl)phosphate United States dust Aminobenzoates | Benzopyrans | butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | Flame Retardants | octylmethoxycinnamate | Tetrahydronaphthalenes | triphenyl phosphate | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(chloroethyl)phosphate Details
6. Larsson K, et al. (2014). COnsortium to Perform Human biomonitoring on a European Scale (COPHES) | DEMOnstration of a study to COordinate and Perform Human biomonitoring on a European Scale (DEMOCOPHES) The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the levels of 10 phthalate metabolites, 5 parabens, bisphenol A and triclosan in urine from Swedish children (6-11 years old) and their mothers, in relation to demographics, lifestyle, housing and different potential sources of exposure to these chemicals. bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | propylparaben | Triclosan Children | Mothers Sweden urine 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | butylparaben | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono(carboxy-isooctyl)phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
7. Jukic AM, et al. (2016). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) | North Carolina Early Pregnancy Study (EPS) We investigated these chemicals (certain phthalates and bisphenol A) in relation to follicular- and luteal-phase lengths, time to pregnancy, and early pregnancy loss (within 6 weeks of the last menstrual period) among women attempting pregnancy. bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | phthalic acid Study subjects United States urine 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate Details Abortion, Spontaneous | luteinization | regulation of ovarian follicle development
8. Watkins DJ, et al. (2017). Early Life Exposure in Mexico to Environmental Toxicants (ELEMENT) Associations between in utero phthalate and bisphenol A exposure and peripubertal measures of male reproductive development are dependent on the timing of that exposure during gestation. age | sex bisphenol A | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | Phthalic Acids Children | Fetuses | Pregnant females Mexico serum | urine 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Estradiol | INHBB | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | SHBG Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | dehydroepiandrosterone secretion | development of secondary male sexual characteristics | estradiol secretion | inhibin secretion
9. Guo Y, et al. (2011). The results indicated that dietary intake is the main source of exposure to bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (especially in China), whereas dermal exposure was a major source for diethyl phthalate. butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | dimethyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | Phthalic Acids Children | Infants or newborns | Study subjects China|United States dust butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | dimethyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | Phthalic Acids Details
10. Serrano SE, et al. (2014). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) | The Infant Development and Environment Study (TIDES) This study examined the association between intake of specific foods and phthalate metabolite concentrations in a cohort of pregnant women. diet butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate Pregnant females | Study subjects United States urine 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate Details
11. Bekö G, et al. (2013). To our knowledge, this is the largest study that compares children's phthalate intakes estimated from urinary phthalate metabolite concentrations with intakes estimated from dust ingestion, inhalation and dermal absorption. butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate Children Denmark dust | urine butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate Details
12. Soomro MH, et al. (2018). EDEN Occurrence of eczema in early childhood may be influenced by prenatal exposure to certain phthalates in boys. sex butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate Children | Pregnant females France urine 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate Details Eczema
13. Joensen UN, et al. (2014). This study provides evidence that carriers of filaggrin gene loss-of-function alleles may have higher internal exposure to phthalates, possibly due to increased transepidermal absorption, and these carriers may indicate susceptible populations. genetics butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | Phthalic Acids Subjects with gene influence:FLG Denmark urine 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | monoisononylphthalate Details phthalate metabolic process
14. Jensen TK, et al. (2016). Odense Child Cohort In this prospective study among 245 mother-son pairs, no dose-response association between maternal phthalate exposure and anogenital distance or penile width in the male offspring was found. butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | Phthalic Acids Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Denmark urine 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | monoisononylphthalate Details anatomical structure development
15. Adibi JJ, et al. (2003). As part of the research being conducted by the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health, we have measured levels of phthalates in 48-hr personal air samples collected from parallel cohorts of pregnant women in New York, New York, (n = 30) and in Krakow, Poland (n = 30). butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate Pregnant females Poland|United States air | urine butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate Details
16. Valvi D, et al. (2015). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project This study suggests that prenatal phthalate exposure may be associated with postnatal growth and blood pressure in a sex-specific manner. age | sex butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | phthalic acid Children | Pregnant females Spain urine 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | phthalic acid Details developmental growth | regulation of blood pressure
17. Jurewicz J, et al. (2013). Urinary phthalate metabolites levels were significantly associated with a decrease in sperm motility, testosterone level, and an increase sperm DNA damage and sperm aneuploidy. butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate Study subjects Poland urine mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | monoisononylphthalate Details Aneuploidy | negative regulation of flagellated sperm motility | negative regulation of testosterone biosynthetic process
18. Bornehag CG, et al. (2015). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) | Study for Future Families (SFF) | Swedish Environmental Longitudinal, Mother and child, Asthma and allergy (SELMA) Study We find that diisononyl phthalate is associated with a shorter anogenital distance in boys at the age of 21 months, which is of concern because AGD has been related to male genital birth defects and impaired reproductive function in adult males. butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | Phthalic Acids Infants or newborns | Pregnant females | Study subjects Sweden|United States urine 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | Creatinine | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | anatomical structure development
19. Hauser R, et al. (2006). The present study confirms previous results on the relationship of altered semen quality with exposure to monobutyl phthalate at general population levels. butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | dimethyl phthalate Study subjects United States urine mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | monomethyl phthalate Details negative regulation of flagellated sperm motility | spermatogenesis
20. Koch HM, et al. (2013). Exposure to high molecular weight phthalates in this cohort appears to be driven by dietary intake, while non-dietary routes such as use of personal care products and ubiquitous sources including dust and indoor air appear to explain exposure to low molecular weight phthalates. butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | dimethyl phthalate | Phthalic Acids Study subjects Germany urine mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | monomethyl phthalate Details
21. Qian H, et al. (2015). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We calculated the estimated daily intake of six phthalates for a defined NHANES cohort to assess chemical coexposure patterns; our data suggest that high exposure to multiple phthalates is infrequent in the NHANES population. butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate Study subjects United States butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate Details
22. Weuve J, et al. (2006). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Infants in neonatal intensive care units exposed to polyvinyl chloride plastic medical devices show detectable urinary concentrations of phthalate metabolites, and these indicies are related to the degree of intensiveness of product use. butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate Children | Infants or newborns Germany|United States urine mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate Details
23. López-Carrillo L, et al. (2010). We show for the first time that exposure to diethyl phthalate, the parent compound of monoethyl phthalate, may be associated with increased risk of breast cancer, whereas exposure to the parent phthalates of monobenzyl phthalate and mono(3-carboxypropyl) phthalate might be negatively associated. butylbenzyl phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | phthalic acid Controls for disease:Breast Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Breast Neoplasms Mexico urine 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | butylbenzyl phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | phthalic acid Details Breast Neoplasms
24. Harley KG, et al. (2016). Health and Environmental Research on Makeup of Salinas Adolescents (HERMOSA) Study | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) This study demonstrates that techniques available to consumers, such as choosing personal care products that are labelled to be free of phthalates, parabens, triclosan, and benzophenone-3, can reduce personal exposure to possible endocrine disrupting chemicals. butylparaben | Dibutyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Children United States urine butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | oxybenzone | propylparaben | Triclosan Details
25. Genuis SJ, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Induced perspiration may be useful to facilitate elimination of some potentially toxic phthalate compounds including diethylhexyl phthalate and mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate. Sweat analysis may be helpful in establishing the existence of accrued diethylhexyl phthalate in the human body. Dibutyl Phthalate | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate Study subjects Canada|United States serum | sweat | urine Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate Details
26. Moreau M, et al. (2017). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Using exposure prediction tools, daily intakes of phthalates were estimated based on the urinary concentrations of their respective monoesters. Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate Study subjects United States urine Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | monobutyl phthalate Details
27. Orecchio S, et al. (2015). Considering that fragrances or 'perfumes' are complex mixtures, made from more than 200 components, and that phthalate acid esters (PAE), which may exert endocrine disruption, are added to perfumes, the aim of this study was to develop a simple and fast method to assess PAE levels in some personal care products. Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | dimethyl phthalate | Phthalic Acids Italy perfume Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | dimethyl phthalate | Phthalic Acids Details
28. Wirth JJ, et al. (2008). Urinary concentrations of several phthalate metabolites were measured in men, and the results suggest that ambient phthalate metabolite concentrations may adversely affect human semen quality. Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | Phthalic Acids Study subjects United States urine mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | monomethyl phthalate Details spermatogenesis
29. Huang Y, et al. (2018). Phthalate levels in cord blood were positively associated with PPARG protein expression in placenta, whereas estrogens in cord blood were negatively associated with phthalate levels and PPARG expression; our study shows that PPARG in placenta may mediate the adverse effects of phthalates on pregnancy. Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate Pregnant females China placenta PPARG Details
30. Schlumpf M, et al. (2010). We present data on chemicals in human milk of 54 mother/child pairs, where for the first time cosmetic UV filters (sunscreens), synthetic musks, parabens, and phthalate metabolites were analyzed in the same sample along with persistent organochlor pollutants, polybrominated diphenylethers, and polychlorinated biphenyls. diet Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | Parabens | Perfume | Pesticides | Polybrominated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Sunscreening Agents Infants or newborns | Mothers Switzerland milk, human 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | acetyl methyl tetramethyl tetralin | alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Chlordan | chlorpyrifos-ethyl | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dieldrin | enzacamene | ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | galaxolide | Heptachlor | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | homosalate | Lindane | methylparaben | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | musk ketone | musk xylene | nonachlor | octocrylene | octyl dimethyl 4-aminobenzoic acid | o,p'-DDT | oxybenzone | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | phantolid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | propylparaben | Toxaphene | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details
31. Rudel RA, et al. (2003). This study provides a basis for prioritizing toxicology and exposure research for individual endocrine-disrupting compounds and mixtures and provides new tools for exposure assessment in health studies. Endocrine Disruptors United States air, indoor | dust 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3-dibromopropanol | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-phenylphenol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 4-cumylphenol | 4-nitrophenol | 4-nonylphenol | 4-octylphenol | 4-phenylphenol | alachlor | anthracene | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | butylphen | Carbaryl | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Heptachlor | Lindane | Malathion | Methoxychlor | methylparaben | Methyl Parathion | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Pentachlorophenol | Permethrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin Details
32. Robledo CA, et al. (2015). Compared to pregnant women in the lowest concentration tertile, women with the highest urinary concentrations of mono-iso-butyl phthalate and monobenzyl phthalate had lower blood glucose levels at the time of gestational diabetes mellitus screening after adjustment for urinary creatinine and demographic covariates. mono-benzyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Phthalic Acids Pregnant females United States urine 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Phthalic Acids Details glucose metabolic process
33. Huang Y, et al. (2014). This study indicates that prenatal exposure to phthalates is associated with younger gestational age and preterm delivery, and that phthalate exposure may adversely affect fetal growth parameters via gestational age reduction and preterm delivery with a significant gender effect. sex Phthalic Acids Infants or newborns | Pregnant females China blood, cord butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | dimethoxyethyl phthalate | dimethyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | dinonylphthalate | di-n-pentyl phthalate Details Premature Birth | embryonic hindlimb morphogenesis
34. Meeker JD, et al. (2009). We found that phthalate exposure is prevalent among this group of pregnant women in Mexico and that some phthalates may be associated with preterm birth. Phthalic Acids Pregnant females Mexico urine 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Phthalic Acids Details Premature Birth
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