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Chemical Estrenes

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–11 of 11 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Vested A, et al. (2014). The objective of this study was to investigate whether maternal serum concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (p,p'-DDE) during pregnancy are associated with son's semen quality and reproductive hormone levels. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Mothers | Study subjects Denmark semen | serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Estradiol | FSHB | INHBB | LHB | PCB 180 | SHBG | Testosterone Details spermatogenesis | sperm motility
2. Fénichel P, et al. (2012). The presence of unconjugated bisphenol A in all cord blood samples suggests placental transfer and fetal exposure. Androstenedione | bisphenol A | Estradiol | Estriol | Estrone | Testosterone Controls for disease:Cryptorchidism | Subjects with disease:Cryptorchidism | Infants or newborns France blood, cord Androstenedione | bisphenol A | Estradiol | Estriol | Estrone | Testosterone Details
3. Khan A, et al. (2017). Ewha Birth & Growth Cohort Study We conducted a high-resolution metabolomics study and detected elevated metabolites of steroidogenesis and amino acid metabolism in preadolescent female children with high urinary bisphenol A levels. sex bisphenol A Children Korea, Republic of urine 22-hydroxycholesterol | 3-methoxytyramine | aerobactin | Androstenedione | anthranilic acid | bisphenol A | Carnitine | Cholesterol | Corticosterone | cortolone | crotonyl-coenzyme A | Cytidine Monophosphate N-Acetylneuraminic Acid | cytidine monophosphate-N-glycoloylneuraminic acid | estrone sulfate | fructose-6-phosphate | glucosaminic acid | Hydrocortisone | isocaproaldehyde | Malonyl Coenzyme A | N-acetylmuramic acid | N-acetylserotonin | phenylacetylglycine | Pregnanediol | Progesterone | testosterone glucuronate Details regulation of cellular amino acid metabolic process | regulation of steroid biosynthetic process
4. Lassen TH, et al. (2014). We found that 98% of young men from the general population had detectable urinary levels of bisphenol A, and this was associated with altered levels of reproductive hormones and decreased motile spermatozoa. bisphenol A Study subjects Denmark serum | urine bisphenol A | Estradiol | LHB | Testosterone Details estradiol secretion | luteinizing hormone secretion | sperm motility | testosterone biosynthetic process | testosterone secretion
5. Watkins DJ, et al. (2017). Early Life Exposure in Mexico to Environmental Toxicants (ELEMENT) Associations between in utero phthalate and bisphenol A exposure and peripubertal measures of male reproductive development are dependent on the timing of that exposure during gestation. age | sex bisphenol A | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | Phthalic Acids Children | Fetuses | Pregnant females Mexico serum | urine 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | bisphenol A | Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Estradiol | INHBB | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | SHBG Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | dehydroepiandrosterone secretion | development of secondary male sexual characteristics | estradiol secretion | inhibin secretion
6. Omoruyi IM, et al. (2014). In this study, we investigated the presence of mutagens and chemicals exhibiting estrogenic activity in the daily diet of Nigerians, using in vitro assays. bisphenol A | Estradiol Nigeria water bisphenol A | Estradiol Details
7. Ihde ES, et al. (2015). Endocrine disrupting environmental chemicals were detected in all children in the study, with measurable levels of 4-nonylphenol in nearly one third of subjects; this is the first known published study of 4-nonylphenol levels in American children; no associations were found between the urine levels of these chemicals tested and estrogen metabolites. Endocrine Disruptors Children United States urine 16-hydroxyestrone | 2-hydroxyestradiol | 2-hydroxyestrone | 2-methoxyestrone | 4-hydroxyestrone-4-methyl ether | 4-hydroxyestrone | 4-nonylphenol | bisphenol A | butylparaben | Estrogens | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | propylparaben | Triclosan Details estrogen metabolic process
8. Caldwell DJ, et al. (2010). The consistently large margins of exposure and margins of safety strongly suggest that prescribed and total estrogens that may potentially be present in drinking water in the United States are not causing adverse effects in residents, including sensitive subpopulations. Estrogens Children | Study subjects United States water, drinking Estradiol | Estriol | Estrogens | Estrone | Ethinyl Estradiol Details
9. Lopez-Espinosa MJ, et al. (2016). C8 Health Project (C8HP) We found serum perfluoroalkyl substances concentrations to be associated with lower levels of sex hormones and IGF-1 in children aged 6-9 years. Fluorocarbons | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid Children United States serum Estradiol | IGF1 | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Testosterone Details estradiol secretion | gene expression | testosterone secretion
10. Giwercman AH, et al. (2006). Gonadotropin levels and sex hormone-binding globulin seem to be affected by persistent organohalogen pollutant exposure, but the pattern of endocrine response is the subject of considerable geographic variation. Hydrocarbons, Halogenated Study subjects Greenland|Poland|
Sweden|Ukraine
serum 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Estradiol | FSHB | INHBB | LHB | Testosterone Details
11. Sancini A, et al. (2014). Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (a biomarker for exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) was measured in non-smoker male workers and was related to an increase in plasma estradiol; we believe that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons can interact with the hypothalamic-pituitary axis. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Workers Italy plasma | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | Estradiol Details
1–11 of 11 results.