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Chemical Inorganic Chemicals

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–50 of 1,073 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Malek AM, et al. (2015). A potential association was found for exposure to ambient air concentrations of suspected neurotoxicant hazardous air pollutants, specifically aromatic solvents, among place of residence in 2002 and 1999 and risk of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. 1,1,1-trichloroethane | 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 2,4-dinitrotoluene | Acrylamide | allyl chloride | Arsenicals | Benzene | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Cresols | Cyanides | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Hexachlorobenzene | hexachloroethane | Hexanes | hydrazine | Lead | Manganese Compounds | Mercury Compounds | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium Compounds | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Controls for disease:Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis | Subjects with disease:Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis | Study subjects United States 1,1,1-trichloroethane | 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 2,4-dinitrotoluene | Acrylamide | allyl chloride | Arsenicals | Benzene | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Cresols | Cyanides | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Hexachlorobenzene | hexachloroethane | Hexanes | hydrazine | Lead | Manganese Compounds | Mercury Compounds | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium Compounds | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Details Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
2. Sexton K, et al. (2007). Our aim was to compare and rank relative health risks of 179 air pollutants in Houston using an evidence-based approach supplemented by the expert judgment of a panel of academic scientists. 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | acrylic acid | Acrylonitrile | Arsenicals | Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chlorine | chromium hexavalent ion | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Formaldehyde | naphthalene | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Vehicle Emissions | Vinyl Chloride Study subjects United States Details Disorders of Environmental Origin | Neoplasms
3. von Ehrenstein OS, et al. (2016). California Cancer Registry Our data suggest that in utero and infancy exposures to air toxics generated by industrial and road traffic sources may increase the risk of primitive neuroectodermal tumor and medulloblastoma, with limited support for increased risks for astrocytoma in children up to age 6. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 2-dichlorobenzene | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Chloroform | Chromium | chromium hexavalent ion | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lead | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Selenium | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Study subjects United States air 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 2-dichlorobenzene | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Chloroform | Chromium | chromium hexavalent ion | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lead | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Selenium | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Details Astrocytoma | Medulloblastoma | Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
4. Goniewicz ML, et al. (2018). Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study These findings provide evidence that using combusted tobacco cigarettes alone or in combination with e-cigarettes is associated with higher concentrations of potentially harmful tobacco constituents in comparison with using e-cigarettes alone. tobacco 1,3-butadiene | 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-butenal | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-(methylnitrosoamino)-4-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Anabasine | anatabine | Arsenic | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Cobalt | Cotinine | cotinine-N-oxide | Dimethylformamide | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Oxide | Fluorenes | hydroxycotinine | Isocyanates | isoprene | Lead | mandelic acid | Manganese | nicotine 1-N-oxide | Nicotine | N'-nitrosoanabasine | N'-nitrosoanatabine | N'-nitrosonornicotine | norcotinine | nornicotine | Phenanthrenes | propylene oxide | Strontium | Styrene | Thallium | Toluene | Uranium | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Study subjects United States urine 1,3-butadiene | 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-butenal | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-methylhippuric acid | 2-naphthol | 4-(methylnitrosoamino)-4-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Anabasine | anatabine | Arsenic | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Cobalt | Cotinine | cotinine-N-oxide | Dimethylformamide | Fluorenes | Hippurates | hydroxycotinine | isoprene | Lead | mandelic acid | Manganese | N-acetyl-S-(2-carbamoyl-2-hydroxyethyl)-L-cysteine | N-acetyl-S-(2-cyanoethyl)cysteine | N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxyethyl)cysteine | nicotine 1-N-oxide | Nicotine | N'-nitrosoanabasine | N'-nitrosoanatabine | N'-nitrosonornicotine | norcotinine | nornicotine | Phenanthrenes | phenylglyoxylic acid | propylene oxide | S-(3-hydroxypropyl)cysteine N-acetate | S-benzyl-N-acetyl-L-cysteine | Strontium | Thallium | Uranium Details
5. Shahab L, et al. (2017). This study assessed whether long-term e-cigarette (EC)-only, nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)-only, dual cigarette-EC or dual cigarette-NRT use is associated with differences in metabolites of a) nicotine; b) tobacco-specific nitrosaminess and c) volatile organic compounds (VOC) compared with cigarette-only smokers. tobacco 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Anabasine | anatabine | Benzene | Carbon Disulfide | Cyanides | Dimethylformamide | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Oxide | Nicotine | N'-nitrosoanabasine | N'-nitrosoanatabine | propylene oxide | Styrene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Study subjects United Kingdom saliva | urine 1,3-butadiene | 2-amino-delta(2)-thiazoline-4-carboxylic acid | 2-butenal | 2-methylhippuric acid | 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Anabasine | anatabine | Benzene | Cotinine | cotinine-N-oxide | Dimethylformamide | Hippurates | hydroxycotinine | mandelic acid | muconic acid | N-acetyl-S-(2-carbamoyl-2-hydroxyethyl)-L-cysteine | nicotine 1-N-oxide | Nicotine | N'-nitrosoanabasine | N'-nitrosoanatabine | norcotinine | nornicotine | phenylglyoxylic acid | propylene oxide | raphanusamic acid | S-(3-hydroxypropyl)cysteine N-acetate | Styrene Details
6. Goniewicz ML, et al. (2017). This study showed for the first time that after switching from tobacco to e-cigarettes, nicotine exposure remains unchanged, while exposure to selected carcinogens and toxicants is substantially reduced. tobacco 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Benzene | Carbon Monoxide | Ethylene Oxide | fluorene | naphthalene | Nicotine | phenanthrene | propylene oxide | pyrene Study subjects Poland urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 3-hydroxy-1-methylpropylmercapturic acid | 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Acetylcysteine | Carbon Monoxide | Cotinine | cotinine-N-oxide | fluorene | hydroxycotinine | N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxyethyl)cysteine | nicotine 1-N-oxide | Nicotine | norcotinine | nornicotine | phenanthrene | S-phenyl-N-acetylcysteine Details
7. Kalkbrenner AE, et al. (2018). Autism Genetic Resource Exchange (AGRE) Some air toxics were associated with autism spectrum disorder risk and severity, including some traffic-related air pollutants and newly-reported associations, but other previously reported associations with metals and volatile organic compounds were not reproducible. 1,4-dioxane | 4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate | 4-dichlorobenzene | benzidine | bromoform | Carbon Disulfide | chlorobenzene | Dibenzofurans | methyl tert-butyl ether | propionaldehyde | Urethane Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder United States Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
8. Svedberg UR, et al. (2004). High levels of hexanal and carbon monoxide were strongly associated with storage of wood pellets and may constitute an occupational and domestic health hazard. 1-Butanol | 2-heptenal | Acetone | Aldehydes | butyraldehyde | Carbon Monoxide | decanaldehyde | formic acid | heptanal | Methanol | n-hexanal | nonanal | pentanal | Terpenes | Toluene Study subjects Sweden air 1-Butanol | 2-heptenal | Acetone | Aldehydes | butyraldehyde | Carbon Monoxide | decanaldehyde | formic acid | heptanal | Methanol | n-hexanal | nonanal | pentanal | Terpenes | Toluene Details
9. Woodruff TJ, et al. (2011). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Our analysis of the NHANES pregnancy data shows ubiquitous exposure to multiple chemicals during a sensitive period of fetal development. 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Pregnant females | Study subjects United States blood | serum | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-naphthol | 4-dichlorobenzene | Benzene | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | fluoren-9-ol | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | methyl tert-butyl ether | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | oxybenzone | PCB 180 | perchlorate | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | thiophosphoric acid | Toluene | Triclosan Details
10. Brody JG, et al. (2009). Northern California Household Exposure Study In this study, we found that cumulative air pollution burdens were more pronounced indoors than outdoors in an urban industrial environmental justice community in comparison with a rural community. 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium United States air, indoor | air, outdoor 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium Details
11. Schantz SL, et al. (2010). Fox River Environment and Diet Study (FRIENDS) Hmong immigrants in northeastern Wisconsin are at risk of elevated Polychlorinated Biphenyls exposure from consumption of locally caught fish. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3,3',4,6'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,4'5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Mercury | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Study subjects United States blood | serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3,3',4,6'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,4'5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Mercury | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details
12. Fisher M, et al. (2016). Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC) Study Multiple chemical contaminants were quantified in the plasma of pregnant women; PFOA had the highest detection rate in cord plasma; however, compared to other Canadian and international studies, our participants had lower contaminant concentrations of these substances. age | body mass index | diet | tobacco 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Mirex | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Toxaphene | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Canada plasma | plasma, cord 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,5,6,8,8,10,10-octachlorobornane | 2,3,5,6,8,8,9,10,10-nonachlorobornane | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Mirex | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details
13. Adlard B, et al. (2014). Trinational Biomonitoring Study The objective of this paper is to use statistical methods to compare the concentrations of select persistent organic pollutants and metals in the blood of primiparous women from Canada and Mexico after adjusting for covariates. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Cadmium | Cobalt | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Lead | Mercury | Nickel | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium | Thallium | Tin Pregnant females Canada|Mexico blood | plasma 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Cadmium | Cobalt | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Lead | Mercury | Nickel | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium | Thallium | Tin Details
14. Takser L, et al. (2005). These results suggest that at even low levels of exposure, persistent environmental contaminants can interfere with thyroid status during pregnancy. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | Aldrin | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Chlordan | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Mercury | Mirex | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Infants or newborns | Mothers Canada blood, cord | plasma 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | Aldrin | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Chlordan | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Mercury | Mirex | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details thyroid hormone metabolic process
15. Dallaire F, et al. (2003). We report the time trends of persistent organic pollutants, mercury, and lead in umbilical cord blood of infants from three communities of the east coast of Hudson Bay in Nunavik. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Infants or newborns Canada blood, cord 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details
16. Fitzgerald EF, et al. (2008). The results suggest that exposure to Polychlorinated biphenyls may be associated with some measures of memory and learning and depression among adults 55-74 years of age whose current body burdens are similar to those of the general population. age | sex 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Lead | Mercury | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Study subjects United States blood | serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Lead | Mercury | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Depressive Disorder | cognition
17. Cave M, et al. (2010). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that environmental pollutants are dose-dependently associated with increased risk for alanine aminotransferase elevation and suspected nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in the NHANES adult population. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3,5,5',6-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | Cadmium | Lead | Mercury | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Study subjects United States blood | urine 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3,5,5',6-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | Cadmium | Lead | Mercury | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Fatty Liver
18. Braun JM, et al. (2014). Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment (HOME) | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We used a semi-Bayesian hierarchical regression model to estimate associations between prenatal blood or urine concentrations of 52 suspected endocrine disrupting chemicals and autistic behaviors at 4 and 5 years of age in a prospective birth cohort of 175 mothers and their children. socioeconomic status | tobacco 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexabromobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | nonachlor | oxychlordane | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | phthalic acid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Children | Pregnant females | Study subjects United States serum | urine 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexabromobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | nonachlor | oxychlordane | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | phthalic acid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
19. Patel CJ, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We screened for correlation between environmental factors and lipid levels, utilizing four independent surveys with information on 188 environmental factors from the Centers of Disease Control, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, collected between 1999 and 2006. age | body mass index | race | sex | socioeconomic status 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,3-bis(3'-hydroxybenzyl)butyrolactone | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-hydroxyfluorene | alpha-Tocopherol | Ascorbic Acid | beta Carotene | Cotinine | Cryptoxanthins | Fluorenes | Folic Acid | gamma-Tocopherol | Heptachlor Epoxide | Iron | Lycopene | Mercury | nonachlor | oxychlordane | retinol palmitate | retinyl stearate | Vitamin A | Vitamin D Study subjects United States Details cholesterol metabolic process | triglyceride metabolic process
20. Robinson O, et al. (2015). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project In summary, the correlation analysis presented here of multiple environmental exposures among pregnant women provide a first picture of the structure of the exposome during the crucial in utero period. 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Antimony | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cesium | Chloroform | Cobalt | Copper | Cotinine | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | Molybdenum | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Nickel | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Pesticides | Phthalic Acids | Selenium | Thallium | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Trihalomethanes | Zinc Pregnant females Spain air | blood, cord | colostrum | serum | urine | water 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Antimony | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cesium | Chloroform | Cobalt | Copper | Cotinine | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | Molybdenum | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Nickel | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Pesticides | Phthalic Acids | Selenium | Thallium | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Trihalomethanes | Zinc Details
21. Abbasi G, et al. (2016). This study aimed to identify electronic products that contributed to halogenated flame retardants (HFRs) measured in indoor dust and to develop a screening method for identifying HFRs in hard polymer products. 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,4,5,6-pentabromoethylbenzene | 2,3,4,5,6-pentabromotoluene | 2-ethylhexyl 2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate | allyl 2,4,6-tribromophenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromobenzene | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate Canada dust | product wipe 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,4,5,6-pentabromoethylbenzene | 2,3,4,5,6-pentabromotoluene | 2-ethylhexyl 2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate | allyl 2,4,6-tribromophenyl ether | Bromine | decabromobiphenyl ether | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromobenzene | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate Details
22. Agay-Shay K, et al. (2015). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project Prenatal exposure to organochlorines was positively associated with overweight at age 7 years in our study population. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Phthalic Acids Children | Pregnant females Spain blood, cord | serum | urine 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | Arsenic | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Phthalic Acids Details Body Weight | Obesity | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
23. Dallaire R, et al. (2009). Exposure to several polyhalogenated compounds was associated with modifications of the thyroid parameters in adult Inuit, mainly by reducing total triiodothyronine and thyroxine-binding globulin circulating concentrations. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dioxins | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | PCB 180 | Pentachlorophenol | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | Polybrominated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium Study subjects Canada blood | plasma | serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dioxins | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Pentachlorophenol | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium | SERPINA7 | Thyroxine | Triiodothyronine | TSHB Details regulation of thyroid-stimulating hormone secretion | thyroid hormone metabolic process
24. Gagnon F, et al. (2004). A survey was carried out on 162 recreational harvesters, and shellfish were sampled for chemical contaminant analysis. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | benzo(e)pyrene | Cadmium | Chlordan | Chromium | Copper | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | naphthalene | Nickel | nonachlor | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium | Zinc Workers Canada 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | benzo(e)pyrene | Cadmium | Chlordan | Chromium | Copper | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | naphthalene | Nickel | nonachlor | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium | Zinc Details
25. Makey CM, et al. (2016). Our findings suggest that polybrominated diphenyl ether exposure might decrease the binding of thyroxine (T4) to serum T4 binding proteins. 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | perchlorate | thiocyanate | Thyroxine | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Workers United States serum | urine 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | Iodine | Lipids | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | perchlorate | thiocyanate | Thyroxine | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 | Triiodothyronine | TSHB Details thyroid hormone metabolic process
26. Cicalese L, et al. (2017). In our study, we showed that selected relevant air pollutants produce a significant clustering of the Texan counties with respect to their concentration and discussed about the incidence rate distributions of liver cancer over the identified clusters. 2,2,4-trimethylpentane | Benzene | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | Hexanes | Hydrochloric Acid | Methanol | methyl tert-butyl ether | Toluene | Xylenes Study subjects United States Details Liver Neoplasms
27. Paunescu AC, et al. (2013). Nituuchischaayihtitaau Aschii Multi-community Environment- and Health Longitudinal Study in Eeyou Istchee Our results show that an increase in plasma concentrations of dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls 105 and 118 was negatively associated with stiffness index, a measure of bone quality-strength, in women of this population. 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | Dioxins and Dioxin-like Compounds | Lead | Mercury | Selenium Study subjects Canada blood | plasma 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | Dioxins and Dioxin-like Compounds | Lead | Mercury | Selenium Details Osteoporosis | regulation of bone mineralization
28. Thompson MR, et al. (2013). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) This study describes US childbearing-aged women's body burden and risk factors for multiple chemical exposure to lead, mercury, and polychlorinated biphenyls. This study supports increasing age, any fish consumption, and heavy alcohol consumption as significant risk factors for body burden. History of breastfeeding lowered the body burden. Limited evidence was found of increased risk among minority women independent of other risk factors. age | alcohol drinking | diet | sex | socioeconomic status 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Lead | Mercury | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Study subjects United States blood | serum 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Lead | Mercury | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details
29. Lenters V, et al. (2016). In this study of mother-newborn pairs from Greenland, Poland, and Ukraine, prenatal exposure to a diethylhexyl phthalate metabolite (mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate), perfluorooctanoic acid, and dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene were independently associated with lower birth weight in term newborns. 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorododecanoic acid | perfluoroheptanoic acid | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | perfluoroundecanoic acid | phthalic acid Pregnant females Greenland|Poland|
Ukraine
serum 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono(carboxy-isooctyl)phthalate | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorododecanoic acid | perfluoroheptanoic acid | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | perfluoroundecanoic acid | phthalic acid Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
30. Verner MA, et al. (2015). Cord Blood Monitoring Program Overall, our study was suggestive of a small association between estimated early postnatal PCB-153 levels and behavior in Inuit preschoolers. 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Lead | Mercury Children | Infants or newborns Canada blood | blood, cord | plasma | plasma, cord 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Lead | Mercury Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
31. Li Q, et al. (2015). National Children's Study (NCS) This is the first birth cohort study linking environmental pollutants and placental expression of microRNA; our results suggest that placental microRNA profiles may signal in utero exposures to environmental chemicals. 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Lead | Mercury | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Infants or newborns United States placenta 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Lead | Mercury | MIR10A | MIR146A | MIR151A | MIR1537 | MIR188 | MIR190B | MIR193B | MIR423 | MIR431 | MIR520D | MIR651 | MIR96 | MIRLET7B | MIRLET7C | MIRLET7D | MIRLET7G | MIRLET7I | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details
32. Goldner WS, et al. (2010). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) These data support a role of organochlorines, in addition to fungicides, in the etiology of thyroid disease among female spouses enrolled in the Agricultural Health Study. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | Aldrin | Atrazine | Benomyl | butylate | Captan | Carbaryl | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chlordan | chlorimuron ethyl | Chlorpyrifos | cyanazine | DDT | Diazinon | Dicamba | Dichlorvos | EPTC | Fonofos | Fungicides, Industrial | glyphosate | Heptachlor | Hexachlorocyclohexane | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | imazethapyr | Insecticides | Malathion | mancozeb | Maneb | metalaxyl | methyl bromide | metolachlor | metribuzin | Paraquat | Parathion | pendimethalin | Petroleum | terbufos | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin Study subjects United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Hyperthyroidism | Hypothyroidism
33. Waggoner JK, et al. (2013). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) In this large cohort of male farmers, pesticide use, in addition to farm machinery use, was associated with fatal injury. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | butylate | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | cyanazine | metribuzin | Paraquat | Ziram Workers United States Details Death
34. Beard JD, et al. (2014). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Our study supports a positive association between pesticide exposure and depression, including associations with several specific pesticides. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | aluminum phosphide | Diazinon | Dieldrin | Ethylene Dibromide | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Malathion | Parathion | Pesticides Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Depressive Disorder
35. Kamel F, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) This study suggests that exposure to certain pesticides may increase Parkinson's disease risk. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Benomyl | butylate | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | cyanazine | Dicamba | Ethylene Dibromide | Hexachlorocyclohexane | mancozeb | Maneb | methyl bromide | Paraquat | pendimethalin | Pesticides | Phorate | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile Study subjects | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Parkinson Disease
36. Godduhn A, et al. (2013). Northway Health Study (NHS) The NHS found complex patterns of association between reported resource uses and cancer and thyroid-, reproductive-, metabolic-, and cardiac problems. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Chlorine | Pesticides | Petroleum | Vehicle Emissions Study subjects United States Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Neoplasms | Thyroid Diseases | Urologic Diseases
37. Carreón T, et al. (2005). Upper Midwest Health Study (UMHS) Results show that exposure to pesticides was not associated with an increased risk of intracranial gliomas in women. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2-chloro-N-(ethoxymethyl)-N-(2-methyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)acetamide | alachlor | Aniline Compounds | Arsenicals | Atrazine | bentazone | Benzoic Acid | Carbamates | cyanazine | DDT | Diazinon | Dicamba | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | imazethapyr | Inorganic Chemicals | Malathion | metolachlor | Organophosphates | pendimethalin | Pesticides | Triazines | Trifluralin Controls for disease:Glioma | Subjects with disease:Glioma United States Details Glioma
38. Hoppin JA, et al. (2002). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Prevalence of wheeze was associated with individual pesticides independent of animals, crops, and grains. disease 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | Aldicarb | aluminum phosphide | Atrazine | Benomyl | butylate | Captan | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | chlorimuron ethyl | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | cyanazine | Diazinon | Dicamba | Dichlorvos | EPTC | Fonofos | glyphosate | Hexachlorocyclohexane | imazethapyr | Malathion | Maneb | metalaxyl | metolachlor | metribuzin | Paraquat | Parathion | pendimethalin | Permethrin | Petroleum | Phorate | terbufos | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trichlorfon | Trifluralin | Ziram Subjects with disease:Asthma | Subjects with disease:Ige Responsiveness, Atopic | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Respiratory Sounds
39. Farsalinos KE, et al. (2015). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the nicotine delivery potential of a new-generation electronic cigarette (EC) device in a group of smokers with no previous experience in EC use compared to a group of experienced vapers, and to examine the association between nicotine absorption and puffing topography. tobacco 2-butenal | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acetaldehyde | Aldehydes | Arsenic | Chromium | Diacetyl | diethylene glycol | Formaldehyde | Glycerol | Lead | Metals, Heavy | Nickel | Nicotine | Nitrosamines | N'-nitrosonornicotine | Propylene Glycol Study subjects Greece e-cigarette, liquid | plasma 2-butenal | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acetaldehyde | Aldehydes | Arsenic | Chromium | Diacetyl | diethylene glycol | Formaldehyde | Glycerol | Lead | Metals, Heavy | Nickel | Nicotine | Nitrosamines | N'-nitrosonornicotine | Propylene Glycol Details
40. Bitzer ZT, et al. (2018). In this study, we examined free radical, nicotine, and carbonyl delivery from the standardized research e-cigarette (SREC), Blu and Vuse under different puffing parameters to capture the likely changes across different user behaviors. 2-butenal | Acetaldehyde | Acetone | Acrolein | Formaldehyde | Free Radicals | methylethyl ketone | Nicotine | propionaldehyde United States e-cigarette, vapor 2-butenal | Acetaldehyde | Acetone | Acrolein | Formaldehyde | Free Radicals | methylethyl ketone | Nicotine | propionaldehyde Details
41. Goniewicz ML, et al. (2014). Our findings are consistent with the idea that substituting tobacco cigarettes with electronic cigarettes may substantially reduce exposure to selected tobacco-specific toxicants. tobacco 2-methylbenzaldehyde | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Cadmium | Formaldehyde | Lead | Nickel | N'-nitrosonornicotine | Toluene | Xylenes Poland e-cigarette, vapor 2-methylbenzaldehyde | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Cadmium | Formaldehyde | Lead | Nickel | N'-nitrosonornicotine | Toluene | Xylenes Details
42. Lyall K, et al. (2018). Early Markers for Autism (EMA) Results from this large case-control study with prospectively collected prenatal measurements do not support the hypothesis that prenatal exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances is positively associated with autism spectrum disorder or intellectual disability. 2-(N-methylperfluorooctanesulfonamido)acetic acid | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | N-ethyl perfluorooctane sulfonamido acetate | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorooctanesulfonamide | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children | Subjects with disease:Intellectual Disability | Pregnant females United States serum 2-(N-methylperfluorooctanesulfonamido)acetic acid | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | N-ethyl perfluorooctane sulfonamido acetate | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorooctanesulfonamide | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid Details Autism Spectrum Disorder | Intellectual Disability
43. Fortenberry GZ, et al. (2014). Early Life Exposure in Mexico to Environmental Toxicants (ELEMENT) | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between in utero exposure to chlorpyrifos, chlorpyrifos-methyl, and/or 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCPY) and ADHD in school-age Mexican children using TCPY as a biomarker of exposure. sex 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | Chlorpyrifos | chlorpyrifos-methyl | Lead Children | Pregnant females Mexico blood | urine 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | Lead Details Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity | behavior | cognition
44. Hu Y, et al. (2018). Shanghai Birth Cohort Study Our study provides some of the first evidence that preconception organophosphate and pyrethroid exposures are associated with decreased fertility in Chinese couples. tobacco 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Organophosphates | Pesticides | Pyrethrins | thiophosphoric acid Study subjects China urine 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | O,O-diethyl dithiophosphate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | Organophosphates | Pyrethrins | thiophosphoric acid Details Infertility, Female
45. Farsalinos KE, et al. (2015). In this study, electronic cigarette liquids were evaluated for the presence of selected tobacco-derived chemicals. 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acetaldehyde | Formaldehyde | Nicotine | Nitrates | Nitrosamines | N'-nitrosonornicotine | Phenols Greece|United States cigarette | e-cigarette, liquid 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acetaldehyde | Formaldehyde | Nicotine | Nitrates | Nitrosamines | N'-nitrosonornicotine | Phenols Details
46. Dodson RE, et al. (2012). Common products contain complex mixtures of Endocrine-disrupting compounds and asthma-related compounds. 4-nonylphenol | 4-tert-octylphenol | benzophenone | benzyl acetate | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | decamethylcyclopentasiloxane | Dibutyl Phthalate | dicyclohexyl phthalate | diethanolamine | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | Ethanolamine | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Eugenol | galaxolide | Limonene | linalool | methyleugenol | methylionone | methylparaben | methyl salicylate | musk ketone | musk xylene | n-butoxyethanol | octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane | octylmethoxycinnamate | oxybenzone | phenoxyethanol | Phenyl Ethers | Phenylethyl Alcohol | pichtosin | triclocarban | Triclosan United States air freshener | air freshener, car | baking soda | bar soap | body lotion | body wash | Borax | car interior cleaner | carpet cleaner | cat litter | conditioner | deodorant | diaper | dish liquid | dishwasher detergent | dryer sheet | fabric refresher | facial cleanser | facial lotion | floor cleaner | foundation | fragrance or perfume | glass cleaner | hair gel | hair spray or mousse or gel | hand sanitizer | hand soap | laundry bleach | laundry detergent | lip balm | lipstick | mascara | nail polish | pillow protector | polish or wax | scrubbing powder | shampoo | shaving cream | shower curtain, vinyl | stain remover | sunscreen | sunscreen composite | surface cleaner | toilet bowl cleaner | toothpaste | tub and tile cleaner | wet mop 4-nonylphenol | 4-tert-octylphenol | benzophenone | benzyl acetate | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | decamethylcyclopentasiloxane | Dibutyl Phthalate | dicyclohexyl phthalate | diethanolamine | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | Ethanolamine | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Eugenol | galaxolide | Limonene | linalool | methyleugenol | methylionone | methylparaben | methyl salicylate | musk ketone | musk xylene | n-butoxyethanol | octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane | octylmethoxycinnamate | oxybenzone | phenoxyethanol | Phenyl Ethers | Phenylethyl Alcohol | pichtosin | triclocarban | Triclosan Details
47. Yu CJ, et al. (2016). This case-control study found that 4-nonylphenol exposure was not a risk factor for Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity in school-age children in Taiwan after adjusting for confounding factors. 4-nonylphenol | Lead Controls for disease:Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity | Subjects with disease:Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity | Children Taiwan, Province of China blood | urine 4-nonylphenol | Lead Details Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
48. Fraser AJ, et al. (2013). Our investigation provides insight into concentrations of polyfluorinated compounds (PFCs) in the dust of offices, homes and vehicles in the United States and represents a novel attempt to assess contributions of different exposure media and microenvironments on PFC body burdens. 8-2 fluorotelomer alcohol | Fluorocarbons | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | Hydrocarbons, Fluorinated | perfluorobutane | perfluorobutyric acid | perfluoroheptanoic acid | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorohexanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid Workers United States dust 8-2 fluorotelomer alcohol | Fluorocarbons | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | Hydrocarbons, Fluorinated | perfluorobutane | perfluorobutyric acid | perfluoroheptanoic acid | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorohexanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid Details
49. Fraser AJ, et al. (2012). Fluorotelomer alcohol concentrations in office air significantly predict serum perfluorooctanoate concentrations in office workers. 8-2 fluorotelomer alcohol | Hydrocarbons, Fluorinated | perfluoroheptanoic acid Workers United States air | serum 2-(N-ethylperfluorooctanesulfonamido)ethyl alcohol | 8-2 fluorotelomer alcohol | Hydrocarbons, Fluorinated | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorododecanoic acid | perfluoroheptanoic acid | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorohexanoic acid | perfluorooctanesulfonamide | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid Details
50. Huang CY, et al. (2012). Higher urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG, a marker of DNA damage) in an area without obvious arsenic exposure was a strong predictor of renal cell carcinoma; urinary 8-OHdG was significantly related to urinary total arsenic, and high levels of 8-OHdG combined with arsenic might be indicative of arsenic-induced renal cell carcinoma. 8-oxo-7-hydrodeoxyguanosine | Arsenic Controls for disease:Carcinoma, Renal Cell | Subjects with disease:Carcinoma, Renal Cell Taiwan, Province of China urine 8-oxo-7-hydrodeoxyguanosine | Arsenicals Details Carcinoma, Renal Cell
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