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Chemical Nitroso Compounds

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–13 of 13 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Varlet V, et al. (2015). We analyzed 42 models from 14 brands of refill liquids for e-cigarettes for the presence of micro-organisms, diethylene glycol, ethylene glycol, hydrocarbons, ethanol, aldehydes, tobacco-specific nitrosamines, and solvents. 1,1-diethoxyethane | 1,3-butadiene | 1-Butanol | 1-Propanol | 2-butenal | 2-methylbenzaldehyde | 3-methylbenzaldehyde | 4-cymene | 4-methylbenzaldehyde | Acetaldehyde | Acetoin | Acetone | Acrolein | alpha-pinene | benzaldehyde | beta-pinene | butyraldehyde | Cyclohexane | Diacetyl | diethylene glycol | Ethanol | ethyl acetate | Ethylene Glycol | ethyl propionate | Formaldehyde | gamma-terpinene | Hydrocarbons | isobutyl acetate | isovalerylaldehyde | Limonene | n-hexanal | Nitrosamines | pentanal | propionaldehyde Switzerland e-cigarette, liquid 1,1-diethoxyethane | 1,3-butadiene | 1-Butanol | 1-Propanol | 2-butenal | 2-methylbenzaldehyde | 3-methylbenzaldehyde | 4-cymene | 4-methylbenzaldehyde | Acetaldehyde | Acetoin | Acetone | Acrolein | alpha-pinene | benzaldehyde | beta-pinene | butyraldehyde | Cyclohexane | Diacetyl | diethylene glycol | Ethanol | ethyl acetate | Ethylene Glycol | ethyl propionate | Formaldehyde | gamma-terpinene | Hydrocarbons | isobutyl acetate | isovalerylaldehyde | Limonene | n-hexanal | Nitrosamines | pentanal | propionaldehyde Details
2. Goniewicz ML, et al. (2018). Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study These findings provide evidence that using combusted tobacco cigarettes alone or in combination with e-cigarettes is associated with higher concentrations of potentially harmful tobacco constituents in comparison with using e-cigarettes alone. tobacco 1,3-butadiene | 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-butenal | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-(methylnitrosoamino)-4-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Anabasine | anatabine | Arsenic | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Cobalt | Cotinine | cotinine-N-oxide | Dimethylformamide | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Oxide | Fluorenes | hydroxycotinine | Isocyanates | isoprene | Lead | mandelic acid | Manganese | nicotine 1-N-oxide | Nicotine | N'-nitrosoanabasine | N'-nitrosoanatabine | N'-nitrosonornicotine | norcotinine | nornicotine | Phenanthrenes | propylene oxide | Strontium | Styrene | Thallium | Toluene | Uranium | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Study subjects United States urine 1,3-butadiene | 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-butenal | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-methylhippuric acid | 2-naphthol | 4-(methylnitrosoamino)-4-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Anabasine | anatabine | Arsenic | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Cobalt | Cotinine | cotinine-N-oxide | Dimethylformamide | Fluorenes | Hippurates | hydroxycotinine | isoprene | Lead | mandelic acid | Manganese | N-acetyl-S-(2-carbamoyl-2-hydroxyethyl)-L-cysteine | N-acetyl-S-(2-cyanoethyl)cysteine | N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxyethyl)cysteine | nicotine 1-N-oxide | Nicotine | N'-nitrosoanabasine | N'-nitrosoanatabine | N'-nitrosonornicotine | norcotinine | nornicotine | Phenanthrenes | phenylglyoxylic acid | propylene oxide | S-(3-hydroxypropyl)cysteine N-acetate | S-benzyl-N-acetyl-L-cysteine | Strontium | Thallium | Uranium Details
3. Shahab L, et al. (2017). This study assessed whether long-term e-cigarette (EC)-only, nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)-only, dual cigarette-EC or dual cigarette-NRT use is associated with differences in metabolites of a) nicotine; b) tobacco-specific nitrosaminess and c) volatile organic compounds (VOC) compared with cigarette-only smokers. tobacco 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Anabasine | anatabine | Benzene | Carbon Disulfide | Cyanides | Dimethylformamide | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Oxide | Nicotine | N'-nitrosoanabasine | N'-nitrosoanatabine | propylene oxide | Styrene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Study subjects United Kingdom saliva | urine 1,3-butadiene | 2-amino-delta(2)-thiazoline-4-carboxylic acid | 2-butenal | 2-methylhippuric acid | 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Anabasine | anatabine | Benzene | Cotinine | cotinine-N-oxide | Dimethylformamide | Hippurates | hydroxycotinine | mandelic acid | muconic acid | N-acetyl-S-(2-carbamoyl-2-hydroxyethyl)-L-cysteine | nicotine 1-N-oxide | Nicotine | N'-nitrosoanabasine | N'-nitrosoanatabine | norcotinine | nornicotine | phenylglyoxylic acid | propylene oxide | raphanusamic acid | S-(3-hydroxypropyl)cysteine N-acetate | Styrene Details
4. Goniewicz ML, et al. (2017). This study showed for the first time that after switching from tobacco to e-cigarettes, nicotine exposure remains unchanged, while exposure to selected carcinogens and toxicants is substantially reduced. tobacco 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Benzene | Carbon Monoxide | Ethylene Oxide | fluorene | naphthalene | Nicotine | phenanthrene | propylene oxide | pyrene Study subjects Poland urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 3-hydroxy-1-methylpropylmercapturic acid | 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Acetylcysteine | Carbon Monoxide | Cotinine | cotinine-N-oxide | fluorene | hydroxycotinine | N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxyethyl)cysteine | nicotine 1-N-oxide | Nicotine | norcotinine | nornicotine | phenanthrene | S-phenyl-N-acetylcysteine Details
5. Rubinstein ML, et al. (2018). Overall results reveal significantly greater toxicant exposure in adolescent e-cigarette users compared with their nonusing peers. tobacco 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | Acrolein | Acrylamide | Acrylonitrile | Benzene | Ethylene Oxide | Nicotine | propylene oxide | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Children United States saliva | urine 1,3-butadiene | 3-hydroxy-1-methylpropylmercapturic acid | 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Acrylamide | Cotinine | N-acetyl-S-(2-cyanoethyl)cysteine | N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxyethyl)cysteine | propylene oxide | S-(3-hydroxypropyl)cysteine N-acetate | S-phenyl-N-acetylcysteine Details
6. Farsalinos KE, et al. (2015). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the nicotine delivery potential of a new-generation electronic cigarette (EC) device in a group of smokers with no previous experience in EC use compared to a group of experienced vapers, and to examine the association between nicotine absorption and puffing topography. tobacco 2-butenal | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acetaldehyde | Aldehydes | Arsenic | Chromium | Diacetyl | diethylene glycol | Formaldehyde | Glycerol | Lead | Metals, Heavy | Nickel | Nicotine | Nitrosamines | N'-nitrosonornicotine | Propylene Glycol Study subjects Greece e-cigarette, liquid | plasma 2-butenal | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acetaldehyde | Aldehydes | Arsenic | Chromium | Diacetyl | diethylene glycol | Formaldehyde | Glycerol | Lead | Metals, Heavy | Nickel | Nicotine | Nitrosamines | N'-nitrosonornicotine | Propylene Glycol Details
7. Goniewicz ML, et al. (2014). Our findings are consistent with the idea that substituting tobacco cigarettes with electronic cigarettes may substantially reduce exposure to selected tobacco-specific toxicants. tobacco 2-methylbenzaldehyde | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Cadmium | Formaldehyde | Lead | Nickel | N'-nitrosonornicotine | Toluene | Xylenes Poland e-cigarette, vapor 2-methylbenzaldehyde | 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Cadmium | Formaldehyde | Lead | Nickel | N'-nitrosonornicotine | Toluene | Xylenes Details
8. Farsalinos KE, et al. (2015). In this study, electronic cigarette liquids were evaluated for the presence of selected tobacco-derived chemicals. 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acetaldehyde | Formaldehyde | Nicotine | Nitrates | Nitrosamines | N'-nitrosonornicotine | Phenols Greece|United States cigarette | e-cigarette, liquid 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone | Acetaldehyde | Formaldehyde | Nicotine | Nitrates | Nitrosamines | N'-nitrosonornicotine | Phenols Details
9. Zeilmaker MJ, et al. (2010). Dutch National Food Consumption Survey (DNFCS-3) This paper presents a comprehensive risk assessment for endogenously formed N-nitrosodimethylamine, including an indirect methodology to quantify the exposure, i.e., the amount of NMDA that may be formed in the stomach. Dimethylnitrosamine Netherlands Details Neoplasms
10. Czoli CD, et al. (2018). The current study examined exposure to nicotine and tobacco smoke constituents among dual users in the context of several product switches in a naturalistic setting. tobacco Nicotine | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Study subjects Canada breath | urine 1-hydroxypyrene | 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Carbon Monoxide | Cotinine Details
11. St Helen G, et al. (2012). Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) metabolites in smokers and nonsmokers, their elimination kinetics in smokers, and the associations between nicotine intake, tobacco biomarkers, and PAH metabolites in smokers were investigated. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Study subjects Poland|United States urine 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Fluorenes | Phenanthrenes | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details
12. Moore BF, et al. (2016). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Interaction results suggest that the prevalence of obesity among children with both high exposure to secondhand smoke and low levels of certain nutrients (dietary fiber, eicosapentaenoic acid, or docosahexaenoic acid) is greater than would be expected due to the effects of the individual exposures alone. age | diet | tobacco Tobacco Smoke Pollution Children United States serum | urine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Cotinine Details Pediatric Obesity
13. Goniewicz ML, et al. (2011). Our study presents the first formal analysis of the cutoff point for urine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL) to distinguish passive versus active smokers. tobacco Tobacco Smoke Pollution Study subjects Mexico|Poland|
United States
urine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Cotinine Details
1–13 of 13 results.