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Chemical Pyrethrins

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–35 of 35 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Dodson RE, et al. (2015). California Household Exposure Study (CAHES) We collected house dust and indoor air samples in 49 California homes and analyzed for 76 semivolatile organic compounds-phthalates, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and pesticides. 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1-methylphenanthrene | 1-nitropyrene | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene | 4-nitrotoluene | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | alachlor | Aldrin | anthracene | Atrazine | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(j)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | benzothiophene | butylbenzyl phthalate | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | chrysene | cyanazine | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | dibenzo(a,e)pyrene | dibenzothiophene | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-pentyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | Endrin | fluoranthene | fluorene | Heptachlor | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lindane | Malathion | Methoxychlor | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | nitrofen | Parathion | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Permethrin | phenanthrene | Phenanthrenes | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | Simazine | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin | tris(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphate United States dust 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1-methylphenanthrene | 1-nitropyrene | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene | 4-nitrotoluene | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | alachlor | Aldrin | anthracene | Atrazine | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(j)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | benzothiophene | butylbenzyl phthalate | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | chrysene | cyanazine | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | dibenzo(a,e)pyrene | dibenzothiophene | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-pentyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | Endrin | fluoranthene | fluorene | Heptachlor | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lindane | Malathion | Methoxychlor | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | nitrofen | Parathion | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Permethrin | phenanthrene | Phenanthrenes | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | Simazine | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin | tris(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphate Details
2. Bouwman H, et al. (2006). DDT and pyrethroid insecticides were determined in breast milk from primiparous and multiparous mothers living in three towns in South Africa (one of which had no need for DDT for malaria control); the source of water (river vs. piped) affected some levels in one town. 2,2-(2-chlorophenyl-4'-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethene | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Insecticides | Mitotane | o,p'-DDT Mothers South Africa milk, human 2,2-(2-chlorophenyl-4'-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethene | cyfluthrin | cypermethrin | DDT | decamethrin | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Mitotane | o,p'-DDT | Permethrin | Pyrethrins Details
3. Bakke B, et al. (2009). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We measured the exposure to atrazine and selected non-persistent pesticides among corn farmers during a growing season; urinary atrazine mercapturate levels in farmers were largely driven by recent application of atrazine; therefore, the amount of atrazine applied is likely to provide valid surrogates of atrazine exposure in epidemiologic studies. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | acetochlor | Atrazine | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | Diazinon | Malathion | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | pirimiphos methyl | Pyrethrins Workers United States urine 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | acetochlor mercapturate | atrazine mercapturate | chlorferron | Diazinon | Malathion | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | pirimiphos methyl Details
4. Hoppin JA, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) These results provide preliminary evidence that pesticide use may increase chronic bronchitis prevalence. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | chlorimuron ethyl | DDT | Diazinon | Dichlorvos | fenoprop | Heptachlor | Malathion | Permethrin Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Bronchitis, Chronic
5. Hoppin JA, et al. (2017). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We evaluated the association of currently used pesticides with allergic and non-allergic wheeze among male farmers, and our results implicate several pesticides that are commonly used in agricultural and residential settings with adverse respiratory effects. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | acetochlor | Atrazine | bentazone | Carbaryl | Chlorpyrifos | clomazone | clopyralid | cyfluthrin | Dicamba | Dimethoate | Disulfoton | fenoxaprop ethyl | fluazifop-butyl | glyphosate | Herbicides | imazaquin | Insecticides | Malathion | mesotrione | metolachlor | N-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-5-methyl(1,2,4)-triazol(1,5-a)pyrimidine-2-sulfonamide | nicosulfuron | Permethrin | Petroleum | Picloram | Pyrethrins | Rodenticides | Simazine | triclopyr | Trifluralin | Warfarin Workers United States Details Respiratory Sounds | Rhinitis, Allergic
6. Hoppin JA, et al. (2002). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Prevalence of wheeze was associated with individual pesticides independent of animals, crops, and grains. disease 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | Aldicarb | aluminum phosphide | Atrazine | Benomyl | butylate | Captan | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | chlorimuron ethyl | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | cyanazine | Diazinon | Dicamba | Dichlorvos | EPTC | Fonofos | glyphosate | imazethapyr | Lindane | Malathion | Maneb | metalaxyl | metolachlor | metribuzin | Paraquat | Parathion | pendimethalin | Permethrin | Petroleum | Phorate | terbufos | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trichlorfon | Trifluralin | Ziram Subjects with disease:Asthma | Subjects with disease:Ige Responsiveness, Atopic | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Respiratory Sounds
7. Hou L, et al. (2013). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Seven pesticides previously associated with cancer risk in the epidemiologic literature were inversely associated with relative telomere length in buccal cell DNA among cancer-free pesticide applicators. age 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | DDT | metolachlor | Permethrin | Toxaphene | Trifluralin Workers United States Details telomere maintenance
8. Hoppin JA, et al. (2008). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) These findings suggest that pesticides may contribute to atopic asthma, but not nonatopic asthma, among farm women. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Carbamates | Carbaryl | Coumaphos | DDT | glyphosate | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Malathion | metalaxyl | Organophosphates | Parathion | Permethrin | Pesticides | Phorate Study subjects United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Asthma
9. Beard JD, et al. (2013). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Our study adds further evidence that high level pesticide exposure, such as pesticide poisoning, is associated with increased risk of depression and sets a lower bound on the level of exposure related to depression, thereby providing reassurance that the moderate levels of pesticide exposure experienced by farmers' wives likely do not increase risk. age | tobacco 2-chloro-N-(ethoxymethyl)-N-(2-methyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)acetamide | Carbamates | Herbicides | metalaxyl | Permethrin | Pesticides | Triazines Study subjects United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Depressive Disorder
10. Xue J, et al. (2014). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) This paper presents combined dietary and residential exposure estimates and cumulative doses for seven commonly used pyrethroids, and comparisons of model evaluation results with NHANES biomarker data for 3-phenoxybenzoic acid and 3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid metabolites. 3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylic acid | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Allethrin | cyfluthrin | cypermethrin | decamethrin | fenvalerate | Permethrin | resmethrin Children | Study subjects United States urine 3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylic acid | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Pyrethrins Details
11. Zartarian V, et al. (2012). Children's Total Exposure to Persistent Pesticides and Other Persistent Organic Pollutants (CTEPP) | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) This paper presents an aggregate permethrin exposure and dose assessment for 3- to 5-year-old children, using Environmental Protection Agency's probabilistic Stochastic Human Exposure and Dose Simulation-Multimedia model. 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Permethrin Children United States urine 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Permethrin Details
12. Lebov JF, et al. (2016). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) In this study of male pesticide applicators, risk of end-stage renal disease increased with increasing cumulative exposure to several pesticides, including the herbicides alachlor, metolachlor, paraquat and pendimethalin, and the insecticide permethrin. alachlor | Aldicarb | Atrazine | Chlordan | Coumaphos | imazethapyr | metalaxyl | metolachlor | Paraquat | Parathion | pendimethalin | Permethrin | Petroleum | Phorate Workers United States Details Kidney Failure, Chronic
13. Andreotti G, et al. (2010). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Using data from the Agricultural Health Study, we examined the association between body mass index (BMI) and the risk of cancer at 17 sites and the interaction between BMI and pesticide use. body mass index | tobacco alachlor | Atrazine | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | chlorimuron ethyl | Chlorpyrifos | cyanazine | DDT | Diazinon | EPTC | Fonofos | glyphosate | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | imazethapyr | Malathion | methyl bromide | metolachlor | metribuzin | Organophosphates | pendimethalin | Permethrin | terbufos | Trifluralin Study subjects | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Breast Neoplasms | Colonic Neoplasms | Lung Neoplasms
14. Kamel F, et al. (2012). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) The meta-analysis suggests that amyotrophic lateral sclerosis risk is associated with use of pesticides as a group, and our analysis of Agricultural Health Study data points to organochlorine insecticide use in particular. Aldrin | DDT | Dieldrin | Herbicides | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Pesticides | Pyrethrins | Toxaphene Study subjects | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
15. Alavanja MC, et al. (2003). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Use of chlorinated pesticides among applicators over 50 years of age and methyl bromide use were significantly associated with prostate cancer risk. age butylate | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | Fonofos | methyl bromide | Permethrin | Phorate Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Prostatic Neoplasms
16. Slager RE, et al. (2010). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) The aim of this study was to analyze cross-sectional data on rhinitis in the past year and pesticide use from 21,958 Iowa and North Carolina farmers in the Agricultural Health Study, enrolled 1993-1997, to evaluate pesticide predictors of rhinitis. Captan | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | Diazinon | Dichlorvos | Malathion | metolachlor | Permethrin Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Rhinitis
17. van Wendel de Joode B, et al. (2016). Our findings indicate that children living near banana and plantain plantations are exposed to pesticides that may affect their neurodevelopment, which for certain domains may differ between boys and girls. sex Chlorpyrifos | mancozeb | Pyrethrins Children Costa Rica urine 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Ethylenethiourea Details Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity | behavior | cognition | learned vocalization behavior or vocal learning | memory | visual perception
18. Berkowitz GS, et al. (2004). Children's Environmental Health Study In this report we evaluate the effects of pesticide exposure on birth weight, length, head circumference, and gestational age among 404 births between May 1998 and May 2002. Chlorpyrifos | Pentachlorophenol | Pyrethrins Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States urine 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Pentachlorophenol Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
19. Koutros S, et al. (2010). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) In this study we evaluated the interaction between pesticide use, genetic variation on chromosome 8q24, and risk of prostate cancer in 2,220 Agricultural Health Study subjects. genetics Coumaphos | Fonofos | Permethrin | Phorate | terbufos Workers United States Details Prostatic Neoplasms
20. Alavanja MC, et al. (2014). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Our results show pesticides from different chemical and functional classes were associated with an excess risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and subtypes, but not all members of any single class of pesticides were associated with an elevated risk; these findings are among the first to suggest links between DDT, lindane, permethrin, diazinon and terbufos with non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes. DDT | Diazinon | Lindane | Permethrin | terbufos Workers United States Details Lymphoma, Follicular | Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin | Multiple Myeloma
21. Hahn S, et al. (2010). Exposure to biocides from household products may contribute to induction of sensitization in the population. Disinfectants Germany 1,2-benzisothiazoline-3-one | 2-Propanol | Benzalkonium Compounds | Benzoates | bronopol | chloroacetamide | Chlorpyrifos | d,d-T80-prallethrin | Dichlorvos | Formaldehyde | Glutaral | Hydrogen Peroxide | phenoxyethanol | phoxim | picaridin | Sodium Hypochlorite | Thiazoles | trichloroisocyanuric acid | Triclosan | troclosene Details
22. Rudel RA, et al. (2003). This study provides a basis for prioritizing toxicology and exposure research for individual endocrine-disrupting compounds and mixtures and provides new tools for exposure assessment in health studies. Endocrine Disruptors United States air, indoor | dust 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3-dibromopropanol | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-phenylphenol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 4-cumylphenol | 4-nitrophenol | 4-nonylphenol | 4-octylphenol | 4-phenylphenol | alachlor | anthracene | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | butylphen | Carbaryl | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Heptachlor | Lindane | Malathion | Methoxychlor | methylparaben | Methyl Parathion | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Pentachlorophenol | Permethrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin Details
23. Quandt SA, et al. (2004). During formative research, we used dust wipes to collect samples that were analyzed for a variety of pesticides. We present results of these analyses, describing the types and amounts of pesticides found in farmworker dwellings and their distribution on floor, toy, and hand surfaces in the home. Herbicides | Pesticides United States handwipe Carbaryl | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | DDT | Diazinon | Disulfoton | fenvalerate | Heptachlor | Lindane | Methoxychlor | oxyfluorofen | pendimethalin | Permethrin | Propoxur | Simazine Details
24. Peterson RK, et al. (2006). The objective of this study was to use reasonable worst-case risk assessment methodologies to evaluate human-health risks for West Nile virus and the insecticides most commonly used to control adult mosquitoes. Malathion | Naled | Permethrin | phenothrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | Pyrethrins | resmethrin Study subjects United States Malathion | Naled | Permethrin | phenothrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | Pyrethrins | resmethrin Details
25. Neta G, et al. (2011). Our findings suggest that chlordane and permethrin concentrations in cord blood may be associated with levels of inflammatory cytokines in the fetus, but not with birthweight, length, head circumference, or gestational age. nonachlor | oxychlordane | Permethrin | Pesticides | Piperonyl Butoxide Fetuses United States blood, cord CSF2 | CXCL8 | IFNG | IL10 | IL1B | IL2 | IL6 | nonachlor | oxychlordane | Permethrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | TNF Details Birth Weight | head development | interleukin-10 production | interleukin-1 beta production
26. Furlong M, et al. (2015). Farming and Movement Evaluation Study (FAME) Although sample size was limited, protective glove use and hygiene practices appeared to be important modifiers of the association between pesticides and Parkinson disease and may reduce risk of Parkinson disease associated with certain pesticides. Paraquat | Permethrin | Rotenone | Trifluralin Workers United States Details Parkinson Disease
27. Fortin MC, et al. (2008). The purpose of this research was to document the intra- and inter-individual variability in creatinine excretion rate and urinary flow rate in order to determine the relative impact of the different units of expression of pyrethroid biomarker data i) on reconstructed absorbed doses in individuals and ii) on results of comparisons of population biomonitoring data. Permethrin Children | Study subjects Canada Permethrin Details
28. Rusiecki JA, et al. (2009). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) In this study we evaluated the incidence of cancer among pesticide applicators exposed to permethrin in the Agricultural Health Study (AHS). Permethrin Workers United States Details Colonic Neoplasms | Leukemia | Lung Neoplasms | Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin | Melanoma | Multiple Myeloma | Neoplasms | Prostatic Neoplasms | Rectal Neoplasms
29. Quirós-Alcalá L, et al. (2011). The frequent pesticide use reported and high detection of several home-use pesticides in house dust suggests that families would benefit from integrated pest management strategies to control pests and minimize current and future exposures. Pesticides United States dust Allethrin | bifenthrin | Chlorpyrifos | cypermethrin | d,d-T80-prallethrin | decamethrin | Diazinon | diazoxon | fenvalerate | Malathion | Permethrin | phenothrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | Tetrachlorvinphos Details
30. Lu C, et al. (2010). Children's Pesticide Exposure Study (CPES) | Pesticide Data Program (PDP) The frequent consumption of food commodities with episodic presence of pesticide residues that are suspected to cause developmental and neurological effects in young children supports the need for further mitigation. diet Pesticides Children United States food acephate | Azinphosmethyl | bifenthrin | Chlorpyrifos | cypermethrin | Dimethoate | dimethoxon | ethion | fenvalerate | Malathion | methamidophos | Permethrin | phosalone | Phosmet Details
31. Whyatt RM, et al. (2002). These results show widespread pesticide use and exposure during pregnancy among a cohort of African-American and Dominican women from minority communities of New York City. Pesticides Pregnant females United States air 2-phenylphenol | Aldrin | Carbaryl | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | cyfluthrin | DDT | Diazinon | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dichlorvos | Dicofol | Dieldrin | Endosulfan | Endrin | folpet | Heptachlor | Lindane | Malathion | Methoxychlor | Methyl Parathion | nonachlor | Permethrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | Propoxur Details
32. Gunier RB, et al. (2016). Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas (CHAMACOS) This study identified potential relationships between maternal residential proximity to agricultural use of neurotoxic pesticides and poorer neurodevelopment in children. Pesticides Children | Pregnant females United States acephate | Carbamates | Chlorpyrifos | Diazinon | Fungicides, Industrial | Malathion | methyl demeton | Pyrethrins Details Neurocognitive Disorders | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | cognition
33. Galea KS, et al. (2015). We observed no evidence indicative of additional urinary pesticide biomarker excretion as a result of agricultural spray events, suggesting that sources other than local spraying are responsible for the relatively low urinary pesticide biomarkers detected in the study population. Pesticides Study subjects United Kingdom urine Captan | Chlormequat | Chlorpyrifos | cypermethrin Details
34. Richardson JR, et al. (2015). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Epidemiologic data reveal that children aged 6-15 with detectable levels of pyrethroid metabolites in their urine were more than twice as likely to be diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Pyrethrins Children United States urine 3-phenoxybenzoic acid Details Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
35. Barr DB, et al. (2010). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We report the first population-based biomonitoring data for pyrethroid metabolites for the U.S. population for the period 1999-2002. Pyrethrins Children | Study subjects United States urine 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Pyrethrins Details
1–35 of 35 results.