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These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Robinson O, et al. (2015). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project In summary, the correlation analysis presented here of multiple environmental exposures among pregnant women provide a first picture of the structure of the exposome during the crucial in utero period. 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Antimony | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cesium | Chloroform | Cobalt | Copper | Cotinine | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | Molybdenum | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Nickel | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Pesticides | Phthalic Acids | Selenium | Thallium | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Trihalomethanes | Zinc Pregnant females Spain air | blood, cord | colostrum | serum | urine | water 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Antimony | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cesium | Chloroform | Cobalt | Copper | Cotinine | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | Molybdenum | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Nickel | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Pesticides | Phthalic Acids | Selenium | Thallium | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Trihalomethanes | Zinc Details
2. Kioumourtzoglou MA, et al. (2013). Aerosol Research and Inhalation Epidemiology Study (ARIES) Results suggest that week-long exposures to traffic-related, primary organic species are associated with increased rate of total and cause-specific cardiovascular disease emergency hospital admissions. 9-fluorenone | acenaphthylene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(e)pyrene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | Cyclohexane | cyclopenta(c,d)pyrene | docosane | dotriacontane | fluoranthene | hentriacontane | n-heneicosane | nonacosane | n-pentacosane | n-tricosane | octacosane | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | pyrene | retene | Soot | tetracosane | tritriacontane Subjects with disease:Cardiovascular Diseases | Subjects with disease:Coronary Disease | Subjects with disease:Myocardial Infarction | Subjects with disease:Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive United States air 9-fluorenone | acenaphthylene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(e)pyrene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | Cyclohexane | cyclopenta(c,d)pyrene | docosane | dotriacontane | fluoranthene | hentriacontane | n-heneicosane | nonacosane | n-pentacosane | n-tricosane | octacosane | phenanthrene | pyrene | retene | Soot | tetracosane | tritriacontane Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Coronary Disease | Myocardial Infarction | Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
3. Pedersen M, et al. (2012). Dietary exposure to acrylamide was associated with reduced birth weight and head circumference. Consumption of specific foods during pregnancy was associated with higher acrylamide exposure in utero diet Acrylamide | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Fetuses | Pregnant females Denmark|Greece|
Norway|Spain|
United Kingdom
blood, cord Acrylamide | Ethylene Oxide | glycidamide Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | head development
4. O'Neill MS, et al. (2007). The results corroborate evidence suggesting that inflammatory mechanisms may explain the increased risk of air pollution-associated cardiovascular events among those with diabetes; among participants not taking statins and those with a history of smoking, associations between particulate matter 2.5, black carbon, and plasma protein VCAM1 were particularly strong. disease | tobacco Air Pollutants Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Study subjects United States air, ambient | plasma ICAM1 | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates | VCAM1 Details production of molecular mediator involved in inflammatory response
5. Clark NA, et al. (2010). We observed a statistically significantly increased risk of asthma diagnosis with increased early life exposure to carbon monoxide, nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter (PM10), sulfur dioxide, and black carbon and proximity to point sources. age Air Pollutants Controls for disease:Asthma | Subjects with disease:Asthma Canada Carbon Monoxide | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfur Dioxide Details Asthma
6. Schwartz J, et al. (2017). We conclude that there is a causal association of local air pollution with daily deaths at concentrations below U.S. EPA standards; the estimated attributable risk in Boston exceeded 1,800 deaths during the study period. Air Pollutants Study subjects United States air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Soot Details Death
7. Hansell A, et al. (2016). Office for National Statistics Longitudinal Study This large national study suggests that air pollution exposure has long-term effects on mortality that persist decades after exposure, and that historic air pollution exposures influence current estimates of associations between air pollution and mortality. Air Pollutants Study subjects United Kingdom air, ambient Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfur Dioxide Details Death | Respiratory Tract Diseases
8. Dehbi HM, et al. (2017). National Survey of Health and Development (NSHD) | Southall And Brent Revisited (SABRE) Study We examined associations between air pollution and cardiovascular disease mortality in two British cohorts with over 25 years of follow-up; our results support a detrimental long-term effect for air pollutants on cardiovascular mortality. Air Pollutants Study subjects United Kingdom air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | Smoke | Sulfur Dioxide Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Death
9. Gany F, et al. (2017). Roadside and in-vehicle levels of particulate matter (PM2.5) and black carbon (soot) were continuously measured over a single shift for seven taxi drivers in New York City, and exposures were compared with central site monitoring stations; air pollution exposures suggest that drivers would likely exceed EPA recommendations if experienced for 24 hours. Air Pollutants | Air Pollutants, Occupational | Particulate Matter Workers United States air, ambient | air, personal Particulate Matter | Soot Details
10. Wittkopp S, et al. (2016). Cardiovascular Health and Air Pollution Study We report novel associations of gene expression changes with traffic-related air pollution exposures in a Los Angeles cohort of elderly subjects with coronary artery disease in this exploratory panel study analysis. Air Pollutants | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | hopane | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Soot Subjects with disease:Coronary Artery Disease United States air | blood Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | CYP1B1 | HMOX1 | hopane | IL1B | NFE2L2 | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | NQO1 | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | SELP | SOD2 | Soot Details gene expression
11. Pirani M, et al. (2015). We used Dirichlet process mixture models to cluster time points with similar multipollutant and response profiles, while adjusting for seasonal cycles, trends and temporal components. Air Pollutants | Chlorides | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates United Kingdom air Chlorides | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates Details
12. Li Z, et al. (2011). Compared with women with no indoor air pollution from coal combustion exposure, women with any exposure at all had a 60% increased risk of having a child with an neural tube defects. An increased risk was linked to both residential heating and cooking. This is the first known study to link indoor air pollution from coal combustion to neural tube defects. Air Pollutants | Coal | Smoke Study subjects China Details Neural Tube Defects
13. Perera F, et al. (2008). The findings indicate that neurobehavioral development in Tongliang children benefited by elimination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) exposure from the coal-burning plant, consistent with the significant reduction in PAH-DNA adducts in cord blood of children in the 2005 cohort. Air Pollutants | Lead | Mercury | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Infants or newborns China blood, cord Lead | Mercury | polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons-DNA adduct | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | cognition | motor activity
14. Plusquin M, et al. (2017). European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Study Our findings support results on global hypomethylation associated with air pollution, and suggest that the shores and shelves of CpG islands and gene bodies are mostly affected by higher exposure to nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxides. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | Soot Study subjects Italy|Netherlands air, ambient | leukocyte AAMDC | ATP1A1-AS1 | C2ORF70 | CACNA2D1 | CD72 | COL17A1 | EPHB2 | EQTN | MCF2L | MEIS2 | MTA1 | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | NPHP3-AS1 | Particulate Matter | PATL2 | PES1 | RNF2 | SMG6 | Soot | TENM1 | THAP1 | TRIM15 | TRMT10A Details hypomethylation of CpG island | regulation of DNA methylation
15. Sarnat SE, et al. (2012). The results indicate adverse effects of air pollution on the subclinical respiratory health of asthmatic children in this region and provide preliminary support for the use of air pollution monitors close to schools to track exposure and potential health risk in this population. disease Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Vehicle Emissions Subjects with disease:Asthma | Children Mexico|United States air | air, ambient | air, indoor | air, outdoor Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot Details
16. Baja ES, et al. (2010). Normative Aging Study (NAS) Traffic-related pollutants may increase heart-rate-corrected QT interval among persons with diabetes, persons who are obese, and nonsmoking elderly individuals; and the number of genetic variants related to oxidative stress increases this effect. disease | genetics | tobacco Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Vehicle Emissions Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Subjects with gene influence:GSTP1 | Subjects with gene influence:HFE | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Study subjects United States air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfur Dioxide Details regulation of heart rate by cardiac conduction
17. Olsson D, et al. (2012). The aim of this study was to assess the association between exposure to ozone and duration of gestational and preterm delivery as well as the association with vehicle exhaust, using nitrogen dioxide as indicator, during different windows of gestation in the Greater Stockholm area. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Pregnant females Sweden air Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone Details Premature Birth
18. Beelen R, et al. (2008). Netherlands Cohort Study on Diet and Cancer (NLCS) We found evidence for an association of exposure to black smoke and traffic with lung cancer incidence in people who had never smoked. diet | tobacco Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Smoke | Sulfur Dioxide Controls for disease:Lung Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Lung Neoplasms | Study subjects Netherlands air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Smoke | Sulfur Dioxide Details Lung Neoplasms
19. Zhang J, et al. (2013). Health Effects of an Air Pollution Reduction Trial (HEART) Changes in air pollution levels during the 2008 Summer Olympics (Beijing, China) were associated with acute changes in biomarkers of pulmonary and systemic inflammation, oxidative stress, and hemostasis and in measures of cardiovascular physiology (heart rate and systolic blood pressure) in healthy, young adults, supporting the hypothesized mechanistic pathways underlying the cardiorespiratory effects of air pollution. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Study subjects China air, ambient | air, breath, exhaled | blood 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | acenaphthylene | Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(e)pyrene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Cadmium | Calcium | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | CD40LG | Chromium | chrysene | Cobalt | Copper | fluoranthene | fluorene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Molybdenum | Nickel | Nitrites | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Phosphorus | Potassium | pyrene | Selenium | SELP | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide | Thallium | Thorium | Titanium | Uranium | Vanadium | VWF | Zinc Details platelet aggregation | regulation of blood pressure | regulation of heart rate
20. Thurston GD, et al. (2011). Using daily fine particulate matter (PM2.5) composition data, we applied multivariate methods to identify and quantify the major fine particulate matter source components in the U.S. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter United States air, ambient Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chlorine | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details
21. Goodman PG, et al. (2004). We assessed the associations of particulate pollution (black smoke) and temperature with age-standardized daily mortality rates over 17 years in Dublin, Ireland, using a polynomial distributed lag model of both temperature and particulate air pollution simultaneously through 40 days after exposure. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter | Smoke Study subjects Ireland air Smoke Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Death | Respiratory Tract Diseases
22. Bind MA, et al. (2015). Normative Aging Study (NAS) In our study population of older men, air pollution exposures were associated with a left shift in the lower tails of the IFNG and ICAM1 methylation distributions. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter | Soot Study subjects United States air, ambient | blood ICAM1 | IFNG | Particulate Matter | Soot Details DNA methylation on cytosine within a CG sequence
23. Samoli E, et al. (2016). Our results suggest that exhaust-related pollutants are associated with increased numbers of adult cardiovascular and pediatric respiratory hospitalizations. age Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter | Vehicle Emissions Children | Study subjects United Kingdom air, ambient Aluminum | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Copper | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfur Dioxide | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Respiratory Tract Diseases
24. Greven F, et al. (2009). In this study, a strong positive association was found between exposure to combustion products of a fire in a chemical waste depot and self-reported persisting respiratory symptoms among both workers involved in the incident and the general population in the affected area. sex | tobacco Air Pollutants | Smoke Study subjects | Workers Netherlands Details Respiration Disorders | Respiratory Tract Diseases
25. Colicino E, et al. (2016). Normative Aging Study (NAS) Carriers of particular miRNA-processing single nucleotide polymorphisms had higher susceptibility to black carbon (soot) in cognition associations, possibly due to influences on miRNA expression. genetics Air Pollutants | Soot | Vehicle Emissions Subjects with gene influence:AGO1 | Subjects with gene influence:GEMIN4 | Study subjects | Subjects with gene influence:XPO5 United States air, ambient | blood MIR96 | Soot Details cognition
26. Wilker EH, et al. (2010). Normative Aging Study (NAS) We observed evidence of effect-modification for an association between blood pressure and seven-day moving average for black carbon (soot) by single nucleotide polymorphisms in genes associated with microRNA processing. genetics Air Pollutants | Soot | Vehicle Emissions Subjects with gene influence:DDX20 | Subjects with gene influence:DGCR8 | Subjects with gene influence:DICER1 | Subjects with gene influence:GEMIN4 | Study subjects United States air, ambient Soot Details regulation of blood pressure
27. Gong J, et al. (2015). Sampling data for pre-, during-, and post-Olympic time periods in Beijing (China), this study found evidence that 1-naphthylamine and 2-naphthylamine (co-assayed) and 1-hydroxypyrene can be used as biomarkers of exposure to general vehicle-emitted pollutants; more data are needed to confirm 1-aminopyrene as a biomarker of diesel combustion emissions. Air Pollutants | Vehicle Emissions Study subjects China air, ambient | urine 1-aminopyrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-Naphthylamine | 2-Naphthylamine | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide Details
28. Evans KA, et al. (2017). We estimated the relative odds of ST-elevation myocardial infarctions associated with various air pollutants; we did not observe increased odds associated with increased wood smoke or soot, but we did observe increased odds associated with particulate matter (PM2.5), ozone, and carbon monoxide, and effects may differ by season. Air Pollutants | Vehicle Emissions Subjects with disease:ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction United States air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Smoke | Soot | Sulfur Dioxide Details ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction
29. Hao H, et al. (2016). We investigated associations between 11 ambient air pollutants and the risk of preterm birth in Georgia (U.S.) from 2002-2006; several pollutants were associated with preterm birth, and associations tended to be higher for mothers with low educational attainment and African-American mothers. race | socioeconomic status Air Pollutants | Vehicle Emissions Pregnant females United States air, ambient Ammonium Compounds | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide Details Premature Birth
30. Adetona O, et al. (2017). In this study, we assessed occupational exposure to wildland fire smoke in wildland firefighters by measuring the urinary concentrations of hydroxylated metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; our results suggest that hydroxylated PAHs (especially 4-hydroxyphenanthrene) may be useful biomarkers of wildland fire smoke exposure. Air Pollutants, Occupational | Smoke Workers United States air, ambient | urine 1,6-anhydro-beta-glucopyranose | 1-hydroxyphenanthrene | 1-hydroxypyrene | 1-naphthol | 2-hydroxyfluorene | 2-naphthol | 4-hydroxyphenanthrene | Carbon Monoxide | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details
31. Wang Z, et al. (2005). In the present study, small expression alerations in several genes, caused by short-term occupational exposure to metal particulates, could be detected in whole-blood total RNA by paired t-tests. tobacco Air Pollutants, Occupational | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Workers United States Particulate Matter Details gene expression
32. Ye D, et al. (2018). Aerosol Research and Inhalation Epidemiology Study (ARIES) Our study suggests cardiovascular effects of certain water-soluble metals, particularly water-soluble iron. Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Calcium | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide | Titanium | Vanadium | Zinc Study subjects United States air, ambient Aluminum | Arsenic | Barium | Cadmium | Calcium | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide | Titanium | Vanadium | Zinc Details Cardiovascular Diseases
33. Wichmann J, et al. (2014). In the cold period, locally generated particulate matter and days with limited local dispersion affected acute myocardial infarction hospitalizations, indicating importance of local emissions from e.g. traffic. Ammonium Compounds | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates Subjects with disease:Myocardial Infarction Sweden air Ammonium Compounds | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates Details Myocardial Infarction
34. Thurston GD, et al. (2016). American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study II (ACS CPS-II) Long-term fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposures from fossil fuel combustion, especially coal burning but also from diesel traffic, were associated with increases in ischemic heart disease mortality in this nationwide population. Arsenic | Carbon | Chlorine | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Soot | Sulfur Study subjects United States air, ambient | soil Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chlorine | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Selenium | Silicon | Sodium | Soot | Sulfur | Vanadium | Zinc Details Death | Myocardial Ischemia
35. Bloom MS, et al. (2014). These results suggest no increased risk for spontaneous pregnancy loss in association with low to moderate level drinking water inorganic arsenic exposure. tobacco Arsenic | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Controls for disease:Abortion, Spontaneous | Subjects with disease:Abortion, Spontaneous | Pregnant females Romania water Arsenic Details Abortion, Spontaneous
36. Alavanja MC, et al. (2004). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We also found that four heavily used agricultural pesticides, including two herbicides (i.e., metolachlor and pendimethalin) and two insecticides (i.e., chlorpyrifos and diazinon), were associated with a significant excess lung cancer risk in the Agricultural Health Study cohort. Asbestos | Carbofuran | Chlorpyrifos | Diazinon | Dicamba | Dieldrin | Lead | metolachlor | pendimethalin | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Study subjects | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Lung Neoplasms
37. Inamura K, et al. (2014). In the present study, lung adenocarcinomas, for which asbestos-exposure and smoking-exposure data could be obtained, were examined for loss of heterozygosity and the p53 mutation. tobacco Asbestos | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Subjects with disease:Adenocarcinoma of lung Japan Details DNA metabolic process
38. Fano V, et al. (2004). Results from this case-control study indicate that the increased risk for lung cancer observed in an Italian area can partially be explained by tobacco smoke and occupational exposures. tobacco Asbestos | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Controls for disease:Lung Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Lung Neoplasms | Workers Italy Details Lung Neoplasms
39. Reid A, et al. (2005). In this cohort of former workers and residents of Wittenoom, asbestosis is not a mandatory precursor for asbestos related lung cancer. tobacco Asbestos, Crocidolite | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Study subjects | Workers Australia Details Lung Neoplasms
40. Ferrari M, et al. (2015). The short-term use of the specific brand of nicotine-free e-cigarette assessed in this study had no immediate adverse effects on non-smokers and only small effects on forced expiratory volume in 1 s and forced expiratory flow 25% in smokers. tobacco Benzoic Acid | ethyl carbonate | Nicotine | Propylene Glycol | quinoline | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Study subjects Italy Details respiratory gaseous exchange
41. Do MT, et al. (2005). National Enhanced Cancer Surveillance System (NECSS) In the present study we found no evidence of an association between exposure to chlorination disinfection by-products in drinking water and the risk of pancreatic cancer. tobacco bromodichloromethane | Chloroform | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Trihalomethanes Controls for disease:Pancreatic Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Pancreatic Neoplasms Canada water bromodichloromethane | Chloroform | Trihalomethanes Details Pancreatic Neoplasms
42. Scinicariello F, et al. (2015). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) This is the first study reporting an association of blood cadmium levels with depressive symptoms using a nationally representative sample. tobacco Cadmium | Lead | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Study subjects United States blood Cadmium | Lead Details Depressive Disorder
43. Yang H, et al. (2015). Male Reproductive Health in Chongqing College students (MARHCS) The primary objectives of the MARHCS study are to investigate the associations of male reproductive health in young adults with sociopsychobehavioral factors, as well as changes of environmental exposure due to the relocation from rural campus (in University Town) to metro-campus (in central downtown). diet | tobacco Caffeine | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Study subjects China semen Details spermatogenesis | sperm motility
44. Wittkopp S, et al. (2013). Our results suggest that, in a small cohort of elderly adults with coronary artery disease, mitochondrial haplogroup U may have lower susceptibility to adverse effects of traffic-related air pollution compared to haplogroup H. genetics Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | hopane | Nitrogen Oxides | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Soot Subjects with disease:Coronary Artery Disease United States air Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | hopane | Nitrogen Oxides | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Soot Details inflammatory response
45. Goldman GT, et al. (2010). Ambient air pollutant measurement error due to instrument imprecision and spatial variability is characterized and its impacts on health risk estimates are assessed. Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Quaternary Ammonium Compounds | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide United States air Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Quaternary Ammonium Compounds | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide Details
46. Kim SY, et al. (2015). Denver Aerosol Sources and Health (DASH) Study Particulate Matter (2.5) components possibly from combustion-related sources are more strongly associated with daily mortality than are secondary inorganic aerosols. Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide Study subjects United States air Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide Details Death | Myocardial Ischemia | Neoplasms
47. Forns J, et al. (2016). BRain dEvelopment and Air polluTion ultrafine particles in scHool childrEn (BREATHE) Project In our study population of 7- to 11-year-old children residing in Barcelona, exposure to TRAPs at school was associated with increased behavioral problems in schoolchildren. Carbon | Nitrogen Dioxide | Soot Children Spain air Carbon | Nitrogen Dioxide | Soot Details Child Behavior Disorders
48. Sun M, et al. (2013). Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) Employing commonly-used exposure estimation approaches, all of the Particulate Matter (2.5) components considered, except silicon, were associated with increased carotid intima-media thickness, with the evidence being strongest for organic carbon; no component was associated with increased coronary artery calcium. Carbon | Particulate Matter | Silicon | Soot | Sulfur Study subjects United States air Carbon | Particulate Matter | Silicon | Soot | Sulfur Details Atherosclerosis
49. Baumgartner J, et al. (2014). Our findings suggest that black carbon from combustion emissions is more strongly associated with blood pressure than particulate matter mass, and that black carbon's health effects may be larger among women living near a highway and with greater exposure to motor vehicle emissions. Carbon | Particulate Matter | Soot | Vehicle Emissions Study subjects China air Carbon | Particulate Matter | Soot Details positive regulation of blood pressure
50. Silverman DT, et al. (2012). Diesel Exhaust in Miners Study (DEMS) Our results provide further evidence supporting a causal effect of diesel exhaust exposure on lung cancer mortality in humans. disease | tobacco Carbon | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Vehicle Emissions Workers United States Carbon Details Death | Lung Neoplasms
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