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Chemical Terpenes

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–50 of 61 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Varlet V, et al. (2015). We analyzed 42 models from 14 brands of refill liquids for e-cigarettes for the presence of micro-organisms, diethylene glycol, ethylene glycol, hydrocarbons, ethanol, aldehydes, tobacco-specific nitrosamines, and solvents. 1,1-diethoxyethane | 1,3-butadiene | 1-Butanol | 1-Propanol | 2-butenal | 2-methylbenzaldehyde | 3-methylbenzaldehyde | 4-cymene | 4-methylbenzaldehyde | Acetaldehyde | Acetoin | Acetone | Acrolein | alpha-pinene | benzaldehyde | beta-pinene | butyraldehyde | Cyclohexane | Diacetyl | diethylene glycol | Ethanol | ethyl acetate | Ethylene Glycol | ethyl propionate | Formaldehyde | gamma-terpinene | Hydrocarbons | isobutyl acetate | isovalerylaldehyde | Limonene | n-hexanal | Nitrosamines | pentanal | propionaldehyde Switzerland e-cigarette, liquid 1,1-diethoxyethane | 1,3-butadiene | 1-Butanol | 1-Propanol | 2-butenal | 2-methylbenzaldehyde | 3-methylbenzaldehyde | 4-cymene | 4-methylbenzaldehyde | Acetaldehyde | Acetoin | Acetone | Acrolein | alpha-pinene | benzaldehyde | beta-pinene | butyraldehyde | Cyclohexane | Diacetyl | diethylene glycol | Ethanol | ethyl acetate | Ethylene Glycol | ethyl propionate | Formaldehyde | gamma-terpinene | Hydrocarbons | isobutyl acetate | isovalerylaldehyde | Limonene | n-hexanal | Nitrosamines | pentanal | propionaldehyde Details
2. Dodson RE, et al. (2015). California Household Exposure Study (CAHES) We collected house dust and indoor air samples in 49 California homes and analyzed for 76 semivolatile organic compounds-phthalates, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and pesticides. 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1-methylphenanthrene | 1-nitropyrene | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene | 4-nitrotoluene | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | alachlor | Aldrin | anthracene | Atrazine | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(j)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | benzothiophene | butylbenzyl phthalate | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | chrysene | cyanazine | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | dibenzo(a,e)pyrene | dibenzothiophene | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-pentyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | Endrin | fluoranthene | fluorene | Heptachlor | Hexachlorocyclohexane | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Malathion | Methoxychlor | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | nitrofen | Parathion | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Permethrin | phenanthrene | Phenanthrenes | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | Simazine | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin | tris(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphate United States dust 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1-methylphenanthrene | 1-nitropyrene | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene | 4-nitrotoluene | acenaphthene | acenaphthylene | alachlor | Aldrin | anthracene | Atrazine | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(j)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | benzothiophene | butylbenzyl phthalate | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | chrysene | cyanazine | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | dibenzo(a,e)pyrene | dibenzothiophene | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-pentyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | Endrin | fluoranthene | fluorene | Heptachlor | Hexachlorocyclohexane | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Malathion | Methoxychlor | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | nitrofen | Parathion | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Permethrin | phenanthrene | Phenanthrenes | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | Simazine | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin | tris(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphate Details
3. Kponee KZ, et al. (2018). In this pilot study, we measured indoor volatile organic compound (VOC) concentrations in the indoor air of 20 households in Ogale, an Ogoniland community whose groundwater system is contaminated with benzene at levels 900 times the World Health Organization guidelines and evaluated self-reported health conditions and predicted cancer risks and hazards from inhalation exposure to VOCs. 1,4-dioxane | 2,5-dimethylfuran | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-cymene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | cumene | ethylbenzene | hemimellitene | Limonene | mesitylene | naphthalene | n-propylbenzene | pseudocumene | sec-butylbenzene | Styrene | Toluene | Xylenes Study subjects Nigeria air 1,4-dioxane | 2,5-dimethylfuran | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-cymene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | cumene | ethylbenzene | hemimellitene | Limonene | mesitylene | naphthalene | n-propylbenzene | pseudocumene | sec-butylbenzene | Styrene | Toluene | Xylenes Details Neoplasms
4. Svedberg UR, et al. (2004). High levels of hexanal and carbon monoxide were strongly associated with storage of wood pellets and may constitute an occupational and domestic health hazard. 1-Butanol | 2-heptenal | Acetone | Aldehydes | butyraldehyde | Carbon Monoxide | decanaldehyde | formic acid | heptanal | Methanol | n-hexanal | nonanal | pentanal | Terpenes | Toluene Study subjects Sweden air 1-Butanol | 2-heptenal | Acetone | Aldehydes | butyraldehyde | Carbon Monoxide | decanaldehyde | formic acid | heptanal | Methanol | n-hexanal | nonanal | pentanal | Terpenes | Toluene Details
5. Aszyk J, et al. (2017). A gas chromatography-electron ionization-mass spectometry method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of 46 commonly used flavour additives in e-liquids. 1-hexanol | 3,4-dihydrocoumarin | 3-hexen-1-ol | 4-Butyrolactone | alpha-terpineol | anisyl acetate | benzaldehyde | benzyl acetate | Benzyl Alcohol | citronellol | decan-4-olide | decanaldehyde | ethyl hexanoate | Eugenol | Furaldehyde | furfuryl alcohol | isoamyl acetate | Limonene | linalyl acetate | methyl acetate | n-pentanol | raspberry ketone Poland e-cigarette, liquid 1-hexanol | 3,4-dihydrocoumarin | 3-hexen-1-ol | 4-Butyrolactone | alpha-terpineol | anisyl acetate | benzaldehyde | benzyl acetate | Benzyl Alcohol | citronellol | decan-4-olide | decanaldehyde | ethyl hexanoate | Eugenol | Furaldehyde | furfuryl alcohol | isoamyl acetate | Limonene | linalyl acetate | methyl acetate | n-pentanol | raspberry ketone Details
6. Nøst TH, et al. (2013). Tromso study Our results suggest substantial intraindividual declines in serum concentrations of legacy persistent organic pollutants from 1979 to 2007 in men from Northern Norway. 2,2-(2-chlorophenyl-4'-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethene | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Hexachlorocyclohexane | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Mirex | nonachlor | o,p'-DDT | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Toxaphene Study subjects Norway serum 2,2-(2-chlorophenyl-4'-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethene | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Hexachlorocyclohexane | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Mirex | nonachlor | o,p'-DDT | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Toxaphene Details
7. Eskenazi B, et al. (2018). Venda Health Examination of Mothers, Babies and the Environment (VHEMBE) Study Prenatal exposure to pyrethroids may be associated at 1 y of age with poorer social-emotional development. At 2 y of age, poorer language development was observed with higher prenatal pyrethroid levels. 2,2-(2-chlorophenyl-4'-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethene | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | o,p'-DDT | Pyrethrins Children | Pregnant females South Africa serum | urine 2,2-(2-chlorophenyl-4'-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethene | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | o,p'-DDT | Pyrethrins Details cognition | motor behavior | social behavior
8. Bouwman H, et al. (2006). DDT and pyrethroid insecticides were determined in breast milk from primiparous and multiparous mothers living in three towns in South Africa (one of which had no need for DDT for malaria control); the source of water (river vs. piped) affected some levels in one town. 2,2-(2-chlorophenyl-4'-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethene | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Insecticides | Mitotane | o,p'-DDT Mothers South Africa milk, human 2,2-(2-chlorophenyl-4'-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethene | cyfluthrin | cypermethrin | DDT | decamethrin | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Mitotane | o,p'-DDT | Permethrin | Pyrethrins Details
9. Patel CJ, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We screened for correlation between environmental factors and lipid levels, utilizing four independent surveys with information on 188 environmental factors from the Centers of Disease Control, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, collected between 1999 and 2006. age | body mass index | race | sex | socioeconomic status 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,3-bis(3'-hydroxybenzyl)butyrolactone | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-hydroxyfluorene | alpha-Tocopherol | Ascorbic Acid | beta Carotene | Cotinine | Cryptoxanthins | Fluorenes | Folic Acid | gamma-Tocopherol | Heptachlor Epoxide | Iron | Lycopene | Mercury | nonachlor | oxychlordane | retinol palmitate | retinyl stearate | Vitamin A | Vitamin D Study subjects United States Details cholesterol metabolic process | triglyceride metabolic process
10. Bakke B, et al. (2009). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We measured the exposure to atrazine and selected non-persistent pesticides among corn farmers during a growing season; urinary atrazine mercapturate levels in farmers were largely driven by recent application of atrazine; therefore, the amount of atrazine applied is likely to provide valid surrogates of atrazine exposure in epidemiologic studies. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | acetochlor | Atrazine | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | Diazinon | Malathion | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | pirimiphos methyl | Pyrethrins Workers United States urine 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | acetochlor mercapturate | atrazine mercapturate | chlorferron | Diazinon | Malathion | Methyl Parathion | metolachlor | pirimiphos methyl Details
11. Goldner WS, et al. (2013). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We found statistically significant associations between specific herbicides and insecticides and hypothyroid disease in male pesticide applicators. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | Aldrin | butylate | Carbofuran | Chlordan | DDT | Diazinon | Dicamba | fenoprop | Heptachlor | Hexachlorocyclohexane | Malathion | metalaxyl | Parathion | Petroleum | Toxaphene Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Hyperthyroidism | Hypothyroidism
12. Hoppin JA, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) These results provide preliminary evidence that pesticide use may increase chronic bronchitis prevalence. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | chlorimuron ethyl | DDT | Diazinon | Dichlorvos | fenoprop | Heptachlor | Malathion | Permethrin Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Bronchitis, Chronic
13. Hoppin JA, et al. (2017). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We evaluated the association of currently used pesticides with allergic and non-allergic wheeze among male farmers, and our results implicate several pesticides that are commonly used in agricultural and residential settings with adverse respiratory effects. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | acetochlor | Atrazine | bentazone | Carbaryl | Chlorpyrifos | clomazone | clopyralid | cyfluthrin | Dicamba | Dimethoate | Disulfoton | fenoxaprop ethyl | fluazifop-butyl | glyphosate | Herbicides | imazaquin | Insecticides | Malathion | mesotrione | metolachlor | N-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-5-methyl(1,2,4)-triazol(1,5-a)pyrimidine-2-sulfonamide | nicosulfuron | Permethrin | Petroleum | Picloram | Pyrethrins | Rodenticides | Simazine | triclopyr | Trifluralin | Warfarin Workers United States Details Respiratory Sounds | Rhinitis, Allergic
14. Hoppin JA, et al. (2002). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Prevalence of wheeze was associated with individual pesticides independent of animals, crops, and grains. disease 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | Aldicarb | aluminum phosphide | Atrazine | Benomyl | butylate | Captan | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | chlorimuron ethyl | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | cyanazine | Diazinon | Dicamba | Dichlorvos | EPTC | Fonofos | glyphosate | Hexachlorocyclohexane | imazethapyr | Malathion | Maneb | metalaxyl | metolachlor | metribuzin | Paraquat | Parathion | pendimethalin | Permethrin | Petroleum | Phorate | terbufos | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trichlorfon | Trifluralin | Ziram Subjects with disease:Asthma | Subjects with disease:Ige Responsiveness, Atopic | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Respiratory Sounds
15. Hou L, et al. (2013). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Seven pesticides previously associated with cancer risk in the epidemiologic literature were inversely associated with relative telomere length in buccal cell DNA among cancer-free pesticide applicators. age 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | DDT | metolachlor | Permethrin | Toxaphene | Trifluralin Workers United States Details telomere maintenance
16. Lee WJ, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) This explorative study suggests an association between the incidence of colorectal cancer and use of certain pesticides, in particularly chlorpyrifos and aldicarb, although some findings could be due to chance. age | body mass index | tobacco 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Aldicarb | Carbaryl | Chlorpyrifos | Fonofos | Toxaphene Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Colorectal Neoplasms | Rectal Neoplasms
17. Hoppin JA, et al. (2008). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) These findings suggest that pesticides may contribute to atopic asthma, but not nonatopic asthma, among farm women. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Carbamates | Carbaryl | Coumaphos | DDT | glyphosate | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Malathion | metalaxyl | Organophosphates | Parathion | Permethrin | Pesticides | Phorate Study subjects United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Asthma
18. Aszyk J, et al. (2017). Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization methods were developed for the simultaneous determination of 42 flavouring compounds and nicotine in liquids for e-cigarettes. 2,5-dimethylpyrazine | 2,6-lutidine | 2-acetylpyrrole | 5-methyl-2-furfural | benzyl acetate | cyclotene | diethyl succinate | ethyl acetoacetate | ethyl lactate | ethyl maltol | ethyl vanillin | furaneol | gamma-valerolactone | linalool | maltol | Menthol | menthone | methyl cinnamate | methylheptenone | methyl salicylate | Nicotine | pyridine | tetramethylpyrazine | vanillin Poland e-cigarette 2,5-dimethylpyrazine | 2,6-lutidine | 2-acetylpyrrole | 5-methyl-2-furfural | benzyl acetate | cyclotene | diethyl succinate | ethyl acetoacetate | ethyl lactate | ethyl maltol | ethyl vanillin | furaneol | gamma-valerolactone | linalool | maltol | Menthol | menthone | methyl cinnamate | methylheptenone | methyl salicylate | Nicotine | pyridine | tetramethylpyrazine | vanillin Details
19. Beard JD, et al. (2013). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Our study adds further evidence that high level pesticide exposure, such as pesticide poisoning, is associated with increased risk of depression and sets a lower bound on the level of exposure related to depression, thereby providing reassurance that the moderate levels of pesticide exposure experienced by farmers' wives likely do not increase risk. age | tobacco 2-chloro-N-(ethoxymethyl)-N-(2-methyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)acetamide | Carbamates | Herbicides | metalaxyl | Permethrin | Pesticides | Triazines Study subjects United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Depressive Disorder
20. Xue J, et al. (2014). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) This paper presents combined dietary and residential exposure estimates and cumulative doses for seven commonly used pyrethroids, and comparisons of model evaluation results with NHANES biomarker data for 3-phenoxybenzoic acid and 3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid metabolites. 3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylic acid | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Allethrin | cyfluthrin | cypermethrin | decamethrin | fenvalerate | Permethrin | resmethrin Children | Study subjects United States urine 3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylic acid | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Pyrethrins Details
21. Young HA, et al. (2013). The results from this study suggest that men with detectable urinary concentrations of cis- and trans- 3-(2,2-Dichlorovinyl)-1-methylcyclopropane-1,2-dicarboxylic acid (CDCCA and TDCCA) have significant increases in almost all sex chromosome disomies compared to men with non-detectable urinary concentrations of CDCCA and TDCCA. Men with urinary concentrations of 3-phenoxybenzoic acid above the limit of detection also have significantly increased rates of YY disomy, but have significantly reduced rates of XY and total disomy. 3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylic acid | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Pyrethrins Study subjects United States urine 3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane carboxylic acid | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid Details Aneuploidy
22. Hu Y, et al. (2018). Shanghai Birth Cohort Study Our study provides some of the first evidence that preconception organophosphate and pyrethroid exposures are associated with decreased fertility in Chinese couples. tobacco 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Organophosphates | Pesticides | Pyrethrins | thiophosphoric acid Study subjects China urine 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | O,O-diethyl dithiophosphate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | Organophosphates | Pyrethrins | thiophosphoric acid Details Infertility, Female
23. Zartarian V, et al. (2012). Children's Total Exposure to Persistent Pesticides and Other Persistent Organic Pollutants (CTEPP) | National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) This paper presents an aggregate permethrin exposure and dose assessment for 3- to 5-year-old children, using Environmental Protection Agency's probabilistic Stochastic Human Exposure and Dose Simulation-Multimedia model. 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Permethrin Children United States urine 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Permethrin Details
24. Dodson RE, et al. (2012). Common products contain complex mixtures of Endocrine-disrupting compounds and asthma-related compounds. 4-nonylphenol | 4-tert-octylphenol | benzophenone | benzyl acetate | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | decamethylcyclopentasiloxane | Dibutyl Phthalate | dicyclohexyl phthalate | diethanolamine | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | Ethanolamine | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Eugenol | galaxolide | Limonene | linalool | methyleugenol | methylionone | methylparaben | methyl salicylate | musk ketone | musk xylene | n-butoxyethanol | octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane | octylmethoxycinnamate | oxybenzone | phenoxyethanol | Phenyl Ethers | Phenylethyl Alcohol | pichtosin | triclocarban | Triclosan United States air freshener | air freshener, car | baking soda | bar soap | body lotion | body wash | Borax | car interior cleaner | carpet cleaner | cat litter | conditioner | deodorant | diaper | dish liquid | dishwasher detergent | dryer sheet | fabric refresher | facial cleanser | facial lotion | floor cleaner | foundation | fragrance or perfume | glass cleaner | hair gel | hair spray or mousse or gel | hand sanitizer | hand soap | laundry bleach | laundry detergent | lip balm | lipstick | mascara | nail polish | pillow protector | polish or wax | scrubbing powder | shampoo | shaving cream | shower curtain, vinyl | stain remover | sunscreen | sunscreen composite | surface cleaner | toilet bowl cleaner | toothpaste | tub and tile cleaner | wet mop 4-nonylphenol | 4-tert-octylphenol | benzophenone | benzyl acetate | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | decamethylcyclopentasiloxane | Dibutyl Phthalate | dicyclohexyl phthalate | diethanolamine | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | Ethanolamine | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Eugenol | galaxolide | Limonene | linalool | methyleugenol | methylionone | methylparaben | methyl salicylate | musk ketone | musk xylene | n-butoxyethanol | octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane | octylmethoxycinnamate | oxybenzone | phenoxyethanol | Phenyl Ethers | Phenylethyl Alcohol | pichtosin | triclocarban | Triclosan Details
25. Wittkopp S, et al. (2016). Cardiovascular Health and Air Pollution Study We report novel associations of gene expression changes with traffic-related air pollution exposures in a Los Angeles cohort of elderly subjects with coronary artery disease in this exploratory panel study analysis. Air Pollutants | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | hopane | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Soot Subjects with disease:Coronary Artery Disease United States air | blood Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | CYP1B1 | HMOX1 | hopane | IL1B | NFE2L2 | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | NQO1 | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | SELP | SOD2 | Soot Details gene expression
26. Delfino RJ, et al. (2010). Traffic emission sources of organic chemicals represented by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are associated with increased systemic inflammation and explain associations with quasi-ultrafine particle mass. Air Pollutants | hopane | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Vehicle Emissions Subjects with disease:Coronary Artery Disease United States air, outdoor | plasma Alkanes | Chromium | Copper | hopane | IL6 | Iron | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | TNFRSF1B | Vanadium | Zinc Details
27. Lebov JF, et al. (2016). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) In this study of male pesticide applicators, risk of end-stage renal disease increased with increasing cumulative exposure to several pesticides, including the herbicides alachlor, metolachlor, paraquat and pendimethalin, and the insecticide permethrin. alachlor | Aldicarb | Atrazine | Chlordan | Coumaphos | imazethapyr | metalaxyl | metolachlor | Paraquat | Parathion | pendimethalin | Permethrin | Petroleum | Phorate Workers United States Details Kidney Failure, Chronic
28. Andreotti G, et al. (2010). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Using data from the Agricultural Health Study, we examined the association between body mass index (BMI) and the risk of cancer at 17 sites and the interaction between BMI and pesticide use. body mass index | tobacco alachlor | Atrazine | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | chlorimuron ethyl | Chlorpyrifos | cyanazine | DDT | Diazinon | EPTC | Fonofos | glyphosate | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | imazethapyr | Malathion | methyl bromide | metolachlor | metribuzin | Organophosphates | pendimethalin | Permethrin | terbufos | Trifluralin Study subjects | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Breast Neoplasms | Colonic Neoplasms | Lung Neoplasms
29. Purdue MP, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Our analysis of data from the Agricultural Health Study cohort suggests that, overall, use of organochlorine insecticides was not related to cancer risk. We did, however, observe associations among specific chemicals, some of which (lindane and NHL, chlordane/heptachlor and leukemia) are supported by previously published studies and warrant further investigation. Aldrin | Chlordan | DDT | Dieldrin | Heptachlor | Hexachlorocyclohexane | Toxaphene Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Colonic Neoplasms | Leukemia | Lung Neoplasms | Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin | Melanoma | Neoplasms | Rectal Neoplasms
30. Kamel F, et al. (2012). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) The meta-analysis suggests that amyotrophic lateral sclerosis risk is associated with use of pesticides as a group, and our analysis of Agricultural Health Study data points to organochlorine insecticide use in particular. Aldrin | DDT | Dieldrin | Herbicides | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Pesticides | Pyrethrins | Toxaphene Study subjects | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
31. Cakmak S, et al. (2014). Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) To investigate the association between volatile organic compounds measured in residential indoor air and lung function in the Canadian population Cycle 2 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey - a population based cross-sectional survey designed to be representative of the Canadian population - was carried out between 2009 and 2011. alpha-pinene | Benzene | caprylic aldehyde | decanaldehyde | Furaldehyde | isoprene | naphthalene | n-hexanal | nonanal | Styrene Children | Study subjects Canada air alpha-pinene | Benzene | caprylic aldehyde | decanaldehyde | Furaldehyde | isoprene | naphthalene | n-hexanal | nonanal | Styrene Details regulation of respiratory gaseous exchange
32. Zablotska LB, et al. (2008). Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study (HEALS) Intakes of B-vitamins and antioxidants, at doses greater than the current recommended daily amounts for the country, may reduce the risk of arsenic-related skin lesions in Bangladesh. age | body mass index | sex | socioeconomic status Arsenic | Ascorbic Acid | Folic Acid | Pyridoxine | Riboflavin | Vitamin A | Vitamin E Study subjects Bangladesh Details Skin Ulcer
33. Gromadzinska J, et al. (2018). Polish Mother and Child Cohort Study The interaction between smoking during pregnancy and vitamins levels on the risk of allergy was not statistically significant (p > 0.4). tobacco beta Carotene | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Vitamin A | Vitamin E Children | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Poland blood, cord | plasma beta Carotene | Vitamin A | Vitamin E Details Hypersensitivity
34. Alavanja MC, et al. (2003). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Use of chlorinated pesticides among applicators over 50 years of age and methyl bromide use were significantly associated with prostate cancer risk. age butylate | Chlorpyrifos | Coumaphos | Fonofos | methyl bromide | Permethrin | Phorate Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Prostatic Neoplasms
35. Slager RE, et al. (2010). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) The aim of this study was to analyze cross-sectional data on rhinitis in the past year and pesticide use from 21,958 Iowa and North Carolina farmers in the Agricultural Health Study, enrolled 1993-1997, to evaluate pesticide predictors of rhinitis. Captan | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | Diazinon | Dichlorvos | Malathion | metolachlor | Permethrin Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Rhinitis
36. Wittkopp S, et al. (2013). Our results suggest that, in a small cohort of elderly adults with coronary artery disease, mitochondrial haplogroup U may have lower susceptibility to adverse effects of traffic-related air pollution compared to haplogroup H. genetics Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | hopane | Nitrogen Oxides | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Soot Subjects with disease:Coronary Artery Disease United States air Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | hopane | Nitrogen Oxides | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Soot Details inflammatory response
37. van Wendel de Joode B, et al. (2016). Our findings indicate that children living near banana and plantain plantations are exposed to pesticides that may affect their neurodevelopment, which for certain domains may differ between boys and girls. sex Chlorpyrifos | mancozeb | Pyrethrins Children Costa Rica urine 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Ethylenethiourea Details Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity | behavior | cognition | learned vocalization behavior or vocal learning | memory | visual perception
38. Berkowitz GS, et al. (2004). Children's Environmental Health Study In this report we evaluate the effects of pesticide exposure on birth weight, length, head circumference, and gestational age among 404 births between May 1998 and May 2002. Chlorpyrifos | Pentachlorophenol | Pyrethrins Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States urine 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Pentachlorophenol Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
39. Koutros S, et al. (2010). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) In this study we evaluated the interaction between pesticide use, genetic variation on chromosome 8q24, and risk of prostate cancer in 2,220 Agricultural Health Study subjects. genetics Coumaphos | Fonofos | Permethrin | Phorate | terbufos Workers United States Details Prostatic Neoplasms
40. Alavanja MC, et al. (2014). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Our results show pesticides from different chemical and functional classes were associated with an excess risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and subtypes, but not all members of any single class of pesticides were associated with an elevated risk; these findings are among the first to suggest links between DDT, lindane, permethrin, diazinon and terbufos with non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes. DDT | Diazinon | Hexachlorocyclohexane | Permethrin | terbufos Workers United States Details Lymphoma, Follicular | Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin | Multiple Myeloma
41. Schlumpf M, et al. (2010). We present data on chemicals in human milk of 54 mother/child pairs, where for the first time cosmetic UV filters (sunscreens), synthetic musks, parabens, and phthalate metabolites were analyzed in the same sample along with persistent organochlor pollutants, polybrominated diphenylethers, and polychlorinated biphenyls. diet Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | Parabens | Perfume | Pesticides | Polybrominated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Sunscreening Agents Infants or newborns | Mothers Switzerland milk, human 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | acetyl methyl tetramethyl tetralin | alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Chlordan | chlorpyrifos-ethyl | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dieldrin | enzacamene | ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | galaxolide | Heptachlor | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Hexachlorocyclohexane | homosalate | methylparaben | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | musk ketone | musk xylene | nonachlor | octocrylene | octyl dimethyl 4-aminobenzoic acid | o,p'-DDT | oxybenzone | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | phantolid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | propylparaben | Toxaphene | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details
42. Polder A, et al. (2008). This study presents temporal changes of organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, and brominated flame retardants in breast milk samples from 1993-2002 in three locations in the northwest of Russia. Dioxins | Flame Retardants | Furans | Pesticides | Polybrominated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Mothers Russian Federation milk, human 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dioxins | Furans | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromocyclododecane | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Hexachlorocyclohexane | Mirex | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Polybrominated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Toxaphene | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details
43. Hahn S, et al. (2010). Exposure to biocides from household products may contribute to induction of sensitization in the population. Disinfectants Germany 1,2-benzisothiazoline-3-one | 2-Propanol | Benzalkonium Compounds | Benzoates | bronopol | chloroacetamide | Chlorpyrifos | d,d-T80-prallethrin | Dichlorvos | Formaldehyde | Glutaral | Hydrogen Peroxide | phenoxyethanol | phoxim | picaridin | Sodium Hypochlorite | Thiazoles | trichloroisocyanuric acid | Triclosan | troclosene Details
44. Rudel RA, et al. (2003). This study provides a basis for prioritizing toxicology and exposure research for individual endocrine-disrupting compounds and mixtures and provides new tools for exposure assessment in health studies. Endocrine Disruptors United States air, indoor | dust 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3-dibromopropanol | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4-dichlorophenol | 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2-phenylphenol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 4-cumylphenol | 4-nitrophenol | 4-nonylphenol | 4-octylphenol | 4-phenylphenol | alachlor | anthracene | bendiocarb | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | butylparaben | butylphen | Carbaryl | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | cypermethrin | DDT | Diazinon | Dibutyl Phthalate | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dicofol | dicyclohexyl phthalate | Dieldrin | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | di-n-hexyl phthalate | di-n-propylphthalate | dioctyl adipate | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | Heptachlor | Hexachlorocyclohexane | Malathion | Methoxychlor | methylparaben | Methyl Parathion | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Pentachlorophenol | Permethrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | prometone | Propoxur | pyrene | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin Details
45. Quandt SA, et al. (2004). During formative research, we used dust wipes to collect samples that were analyzed for a variety of pesticides. We present results of these analyses, describing the types and amounts of pesticides found in farmworker dwellings and their distribution on floor, toy, and hand surfaces in the home. Herbicides | Pesticides United States handwipe Carbaryl | Chlordan | Chlorpyrifos | DDT | Diazinon | Disulfoton | fenvalerate | Heptachlor | Hexachlorocyclohexane | Methoxychlor | oxyfluorofen | pendimethalin | Permethrin | Propoxur | Simazine Details
46. Sbihi H, et al. (2013). Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) | Toronto Child Health Evaluation Questionnaire (TCHEQ) | Windsor Ontario Exposure Assessment Study (WOEAS) Hopanes can consistently be detected in house dust and may be a useful tracer of traffic-related air pollution exposure if determinants of their spatiotemporal variability are well-characterized, and when home-specific factors are considered. hopane Study subjects Canada dust hopane Details
47. Peterson RK, et al. (2006). The objective of this study was to use reasonable worst-case risk assessment methodologies to evaluate human-health risks for West Nile virus and the insecticides most commonly used to control adult mosquitoes. Malathion | Naled | Permethrin | phenothrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | Pyrethrins | resmethrin Study subjects United States Malathion | Naled | Permethrin | phenothrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | Pyrethrins | resmethrin Details
48. Liljelind I, et al. (2003). Personal air samplers provide data with similar or superior quality to urinary metabolites as measures of exposure to these monoterpenes in sawmills and styrene in reinforced plastics factories. Monoterpenes | Styrene Workers Sweden air | urine mandelic acid | Monoterpenes | Styrene | verbenol Details
49. Neta G, et al. (2011). Our findings suggest that chlordane and permethrin concentrations in cord blood may be associated with levels of inflammatory cytokines in the fetus, but not with birthweight, length, head circumference, or gestational age. nonachlor | oxychlordane | Permethrin | Pesticides | Piperonyl Butoxide Fetuses United States blood, cord CSF2 | CXCL8 | IFNG | IL10 | IL1B | IL2 | IL6 | nonachlor | oxychlordane | Permethrin | Piperonyl Butoxide | TNF Details Birth Weight | head development | interleukin-10 production | interleukin-1 beta production
50. Furlong M, et al. (2015). Farming and Movement Evaluation Study (FAME) Although sample size was limited, protective glove use and hygiene practices appeared to be important modifiers of the association between pesticides and Parkinson disease and may reduce risk of Parkinson disease associated with certain pesticides. Paraquat | Permethrin | Rotenone | Trifluralin Workers United States Details Parkinson Disease
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