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Chemical Tetrachloroethylene

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–28 of 28 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Malek AM, et al. (2015). A potential association was found for exposure to ambient air concentrations of suspected neurotoxicant hazardous air pollutants, specifically aromatic solvents, among place of residence in 2002 and 1999 and risk of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. 1,1,1-trichloroethane | 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 2,4-dinitrotoluene | Acrylamide | allyl chloride | Arsenicals | Benzene | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Cresols | Cyanides | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Hexachlorobenzene | hexachloroethane | Hexanes | hydrazine | Lead | Manganese Compounds | Mercury Compounds | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium Compounds | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Controls for disease:Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis | Subjects with disease:Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis United States 1,1,1-trichloroethane | 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 2,4-dinitrotoluene | Acrylamide | allyl chloride | Arsenicals | Benzene | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Cresols | Cyanides | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Hexachlorobenzene | hexachloroethane | Hexanes | hydrazine | Lead | Manganese Compounds | Mercury Compounds | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Selenium Compounds | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Details Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
2. Sexton K, et al. (2005). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) | The School Health Initiative: Environment, Learning, Disease (SHIELD) Results indicate that childhood exposures to some compounds equaled or exceeded volatile organic compound (VOC) exposures of adults, including smokers, in an earlier national survey, and that within-child variability was greater than between-child variability for 7 of 11 individual VOCs. 1,1,1-trichloroethane | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | ethylbenzene | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Children | Study subjects United States blood 1,1,1-trichloroethane | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | ethylbenzene | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Details
3. Loh MM, et al. (2007). In this study we compared cancer risks from organic hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) based on total personal exposure summed across different microenvironments and exposure pathways. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | chrysene | Dioxins | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | fluoranthene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride Study subjects United States 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | chrysene | Dioxins | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | fluoranthene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride Details Neoplasms
4. von Ehrenstein OS, et al. (2016). California Cancer Registry Our data suggest that in utero and infancy exposures to air toxics generated by industrial and road traffic sources may increase the risk of primitive neuroectodermal tumor and medulloblastoma, with limited support for increased risks for astrocytoma in children up to age 6. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 2-dichlorobenzene | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Chloroform | Chromium | chromium hexavalent ion | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lead | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Selenium | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Controls for disease:Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive | Subjects with disease:Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive United States air 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 2-dichlorobenzene | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Chloroform | Chromium | chromium hexavalent ion | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lead | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Selenium | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Details Astrocytoma | Medulloblastoma | Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
5. Ruckart PZ, et al. (2015). Findings suggested possible associations between male breast cancer and being stationed at Camp Lejeune and cumulative exposure to tetrachloroethylene, t-1,2 dichloroethylene, and vinyl chloride. 1,2-dichloroethylene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride Controls for disease:Breast Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Breast Neoplasms | Veterans United States 1,2-dichloroethylene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene Details Breast Neoplasms
6. Liu J, et al. (2009). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) In summary, the study supports that personal exposures to certain volatile organic compounds as a group or individually may have an effect on liver function in the general population. 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Benzene | Chloroform | ethylbenzene | methyl tert-butyl ether | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Study subjects United States 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Benzene | Chloroform | ethylbenzene | methyl tert-butyl ether | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Details
7. Elliott L, et al. (2006). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Exposure to 1,4-dichlorobenzene (a volatile organic compound related to the use of air fresheners, toilet bowl deodorants, and mothballs) at levels found in the US general population, may result in reduced pulmonary function. 4-dichlorobenzene | Volatile Organic Compounds Study subjects United States blood 1,1,1-trichloroethane | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Acetone | Benzene | ethylbenzene | methylethyl ketone | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene Details PULMONARY FUNCTION
8. López-Abente G, et al. (2012). Statistically significant relative risks for colorectal cancer mortality at a municipal level were detected in the vicinity of mining industry, paper and wood production, food and beverage sector, metal production and processing installations, and ceramics. Air Pollutants Study subjects Spain air, outdoor 1,1,1-trichloroethane | Ammonia | anthracene | Antimony | Arsenicals | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Cadmium | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Dioxide | Carbon Monoxide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chlorine | Chlorine Compounds | Chlorofluorocarbons | Chloroform | Chromium | Chromium Compounds | Cobalt | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Dioxins | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Fluorine | Fluorine Compounds | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrogen Cyanide | Lead | Manganese | Manganese Compounds | Mercury | Mercury Compounds | Methane | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | Nickel | Nitrogen Oxides | Nitrous Oxide | Particulate Matter | Pentachlorophenol | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Sulfur Oxides | Tetrachloroethylene | Thallium | trichlorobenzene | Trichloroethylene | Vanadium | Vanadium Compounds | Vinyl Chloride | Zinc | Zinc Compounds Details Colorectal Neoplasms | Death
9. Windham GC, et al. (2006). Our results suggest a potential association between autism and estimated metal concentrations, and possibly chlorinated solvents, in ambient air around the birth residence, requiring confirmation and more refined exposure assessment in future studies. Air Pollutants Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children United States air, ambient Arsenic | Benzene | Cadmium | Chromium | ethylbenzene | hydrazine | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Metals, Heavy | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Solvents | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
10. Kalkbrenner AE, et al. (2010). Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network (ADDM) Our screening design was limited by exposure misclassification of air pollutants and the use of an alternate developmental disorder as the control group, both of which may have biased results toward the null. Despite these limitations, methylene chloride, quinoline, and styrene emerged (based on this analysis and prior epidemiologic evidence) as candidates that warrant further investigation for a possible role in autism etiology. Air Pollutants United States air 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Acrylonitrile | Arsenicals | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Chromium Compounds | Coke | ethylbenzene | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Formaldehyde | Hexachlorobenzene | Hexanes | hydrazine | Lead | Manganese Compounds | Mercury Compounds | Methylene Chloride | methyl tert-butyl ether | Nickel | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | propionaldehyde | propylene dichloride | quinoline | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vehicle Emissions | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
11. Logue JM, et al. (2012). The approach demonstrated in this study may be used to assess regional and national initiatives that affect indoor air quality at the population level. Cumulative health impacts from inhalation in U.S. residences of the indoor air pollutants assessed in this study are estimated at 400-1,100 disability-adjusted life years lost annually per 100,000 persons. Air Pollutants United States 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,1,2-trichloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | 2-ethoxyethanol | 2-ethylhexanol | 2-phenylphenol | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Acrylonitrile | Ammonia | Arsenic | Atrazine | Benzaldehydes | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzyl chloride | Beryllium | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Monoxide | Carbon Tetrachloride | chlorobenzene | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Chromium | cumene | Cyclohexane | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | Ethanol | ethylbenzene | Ethyl Chloride | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Formaldehyde | hexachlorobutadiene | Manganese | Mercury | methyl cellosolve | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | methylethyl ketone | methyl isobutyl ketone | Methylmethacrylate | methyl tert-butyl ether | naphthalene | n-butoxyethanol | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Pentachlorophenol | Styrene | Sulfur Dioxide | Tetrachloroethylene | tetrahydrofuran | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | vinylidene chloride | Xylenes Details
12. Sax SN, et al. (2006). Toxics Exposure Assessment Columbia-Harvard (TEACH) In this study of inner-city teenagers living in New York City and Los Angeles, most volatile organic compounds had median upper-bound lifetime cancer risks that exceeded the US EPA benchmark and were generally greater than modeled estimates, more so for compounds with predominant indoor sources; chromium, nickel, and arsenic had median personal cancer risks above the benchmark with exposures largely from outdoors and other microenvironments; the U.S. EPA-modeled concentrations tended to overestimate personal cancer risks for beryllium and chromium but underestimate risks for nickel and arsenic. Air Pollutants | Arsenic | Chromium | Elements | Nickel | Volatile Organic Compounds Children United States air, indoor | air, outdoor | air, personal 1,3-butadiene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Arsenic | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Chromium | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | Lead | Methylene Chloride | methyl tert-butyl ether | Nickel | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene Details Neoplasms
13. Payne-Sturges DC, et al. (2004). The present study provides an evaluation of Assessment System for Population Exposure Nationwide (ASPEN) based on measurements of air toxic levels indoors, outdoors, and on individuals. Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | ethylbenzene | Methylene Chloride | methyl tert-butyl ether | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Xylenes Study subjects United States Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | ethylbenzene | Methylene Chloride | methyl tert-butyl ether | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Xylenes Details
14. Ruckart PZ, et al. (2014). Findings suggested associations between in utero exposures to trichloroethylene and small for gestational age, term low birth weight (TLBW) and reduced mean birth weight; benzene and TLBW; and tetrachloroethylene and preterm birth. Benzene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene Pregnant females United States Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | Premature Birth
15. Ruckart PZ, et al. (2013). Odds rations (ORs) suggested associations between 1st trimester exposure to trichloroethylene (TCE) and benzene and neural tube defects, and we observed a monotonic exposure response relationship for TCE. Benzene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride Infants or newborns United States water Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene Details Leukemia | Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin | Neural Tube Defects
16. Bove FJ, et al. (2014). The purpose of this study was to determine whether potential exposures of employees to contaminated drinking water at Camp Lejeune increased risk of mortality from cancers and other chronic diseases. Benzene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride Military personnel United States Benzene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride Details Leukemia
17. Bove FJ, et al. (2014). We found elevated hazard ratios (with wide confidence intervals) at Camp Lejeune for causes of death from cancers of kidney, liver, esophagus, cervix, multiple myeloma, Hodgkin lymphoma, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; however, because less than 6% of cohort had died, long-term follow-up is necessary to comprehensively assess effects of drinking water exposures at the base. diet Benzene | Tetrachloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | Water Pollutants, Chemical Military personnel United States water, drinking Benzene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride Details Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis | Death | Esophageal Neoplasms | Hodgkin Disease | Kidney Neoplasms | Liver Neoplasms | Multiple Myeloma | Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
18. Sexton K, et al. (2012). School Health Initiative Environment, Learning, and Disease (SHIELD) Biologic markers confirm that children from a low-income, ethnically diverse neighborhood experienced concurrent exposure to a variety of hazardous environmental chemicals during their everyday activities. socioeconomic status Metals, Heavy | Organothiophosphorus Compounds | Pesticides | Phthalic Acids | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Volatile Organic Compounds Children United States blood | urine 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3,5,5',6-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2-xylene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Cotinine | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | dimethyl phosphate | Lead | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | nonachlor | PCB 180 | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene Details
19. Aschengrau A, et al. (2015). These results suggest that the risk of epilepsy and certain types of cancer such as cervical cancer may be increased among adults who were exposed to tetrachloroethylene-contaminated drinking water exposure during gestation and early childhood. Tetrachloroethylene Study subjects United States Tetrachloroethylene Details Epilepsy | Neoplasms
20. Ma J, et al. (2009). Our results support the hypothesis that living near a dry cleaning facility using perchloroethylene increases the risk of exposure and of developing kidney cancer. Tetrachloroethylene Study subjects United States Tetrachloroethylene Details Kidney Neoplasms
21. Janulewicz PA, et al. (2012). In summary, the results of this study suggest that prenatal and early postnatal exposure to tetrachloroethylene may lead to decreased performance on neuropsychological tests, specifically in the visuospatial, fine manual motor, learning and memory, and attention domains. Tetrachloroethylene Children United States Details learning or memory | visual learning
22. Aschengrau A, et al. (2012). The results of this study provide evidence against an impact of early life exposure to tetrachloroethylene on the risk of depression. In contrast, the results provide support for an impact of early life exposure on the risk of bipolar disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. diet Tetrachloroethylene Study subjects United States Tetrachloroethylene Details Bipolar Disorder | Depressive Disorder | Schizophrenia | Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
23. Carwile JL, et al. (2014). Prenatal tetrachloroethylene exposure was not associated with overall ischemic placental disease, but may increase risk of stillbirth. Tetrachloroethylene Pregnant females United States Tetrachloroethylene Details Placenta Diseases | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | Stillbirth
24. Aschengrau A, et al. (2011). The results of this study suggest that risky behaviors, particularly drug use, are more frequent among adults with high tetrachloroethylene exposure levels during gestation and early childhood. Tetrachloroethylene Study subjects United States Tetrachloroethylene Details Substance-Related Disorders
25. Gallagher LG, et al. (2011). The current analyses show a slightly elevated breast cancer risk for highly exposed women, with strengthened exposure assessment and minimization of misclassification by using the latest technology. Tetrachloroethylene Study subjects United States water Tetrachloroethylene Details Breast Neoplasms
26. Adgate JL, et al. (2004). School Health Initiative Environment, Learning, and Disease (SHIELD) Biomarkers confirm that children from ethnically diverse inner city neighborhoods are exposed to various volatile organic compounds socioeconomic status Volatile Organic Compounds Children United States air 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | alpha-pinene | Benzene | beta-pinene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | ethylbenzene | limonene | Methylene Chloride | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Xylenes Details
27. Yorifuji T, et al. (2012). In the present study, it was demonstrated that volatile organic compounds were higher in the vicinity of the factory, and even the concentration of total volatile organic compounds in the residential area exceeded 200 micrograms per cubic meter. Furthermore, the prevalence of mucocutaneous and respiratory symptoms was highest among the residents in the closest area to the factory. Volatile Organic Compounds Study subjects Japan air 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-ethyltoluene | Benzene | decane | ethyl acetate | ethylbenzene | Heptanes | methyl isobutyl ketone | n-dodecane | nonane | octane | pseudocumene | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | tridecane | undecane | Volatile Organic Compounds | Xylenes Details Lung Diseases
28. Kirman CR, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) For the small number of volatile organic chemicals with detectable blood concentrations in the NHANES data set, the potential for deleterious non-cancer effects appears low but is affected by the smoking status of the participants. tobacco Volatile Organic Compounds Study subjects United States blood 2,5-dimethylfuran | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Benzene | ethylbenzene | methyl tert-butyl ether | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene Details
1–28 of 28 results.