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Chemical Specialty Uses of Chemicals

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–50 of 179 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Lee DH, et al. (2007). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) This study suggests that the prevalence of a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors relates to background exposure to a mixture of persistent organic pollutants, several of which are also related to the prevalence of diabetes. 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzofuran | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | Dibenzofurans, Polychlorinated | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Pesticides | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins Study subjects United States Details Insulin Resistance | Metabolic Syndrome | cholesterol metabolic process | regulation of blood pressure | triglyceride metabolic process
2. Mi T, et al. (2013). We describe two cases of acute toxic leukoencephalopathy in migrant workers who were occupationally exposed to organic solvents in construction materials. 1,2,3-trichloropropane | Solvents | Toluene Workers China blood | urine 1,2,3-trichloropropane | Benzoic Acid Details Leukoencephalopathies | Neurotoxicity Syndromes | Occupational Diseases
3. Schreder ED, et al. (2014). Levels of flame retardants in house dust and a transport pathway from homes to the outdoor environment were investigated in communities near the Columbia River in Washington state. 1,2-bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy)ethane | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,5',6-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2-ethylhexyl 2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate | bis(2-ethylhexyl) 2,3,4,5-tetrabromophthalate | decabromobiphenyl ether | decabromodiphenyl ethane | Flame Retardants | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromocyclododecane | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tetrabromobisphenol A | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(1-chloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(chloroethyl)phosphate United States dust | waste water, laundry 1,2-bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy)ethane | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,5',6-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2-ethylhexyl 2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate | bis(2-ethylhexyl) 2,3,4,5-tetrabromophthalate | decabromobiphenyl ether | decabromodiphenyl ethane | Flame Retardants | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromocyclododecane | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | tetrabromobisphenol A | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(1-chloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(chloroethyl)phosphate Details
4. Stapleton HM, et al. (2009). We designed this study to identify potential organophosphate flame retardant chemicals currently being used in polyurethane foam in residential and office furniture purchased in the United States. 1,2-bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy)ethane | 2-ethylhexyl 2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate | bis(2-ethylhexyl) 2,3,4,5-tetrabromophthalate | Flame Retardants | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabromocyclododecane | triphenyl phosphate | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(1-chloro-2-propyl)phosphate Children | Study subjects United States dust 1,2-bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy)ethane | 2-ethylhexyl 2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate | bis(2-ethylhexyl) 2,3,4,5-tetrabromophthalate | Flame Retardants | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabromocyclododecane | triphenyl phosphate | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(1-chloro-2-propyl)phosphate Details
5. Meeker JD, et al. (2004). In the present study we found associations between urinary metabolites of contemporary-use insecticides and decreased sperm concentration and motility in humans. 1-naphthol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | Insecticides Subjects with disease:Infertility, Male United States semen | urine 1-naphthol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol Details Infertility, Male | spermatogenesis | sperm motility
6. Bouwman H, et al. (2006). DDT and pyrethroid insecticides were determined in breast milk from primiparous and multiparous mothers living in three towns in South Africa (one of which had no need for DDT for malaria control); the source of water (river vs. piped) affected some levels in one town. 2,2-(2-chlorophenyl-4'-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethene | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Insecticides | Mitotane | o,p'-DDT Mothers South Africa milk, human 2,2-(2-chlorophenyl-4'-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethene | cyfluthrin | cypermethrin | DDT | decamethrin | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Mitotane | o,p'-DDT | Permethrin | Pyrethrins Details
7. Robinson O, et al. (2015). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project In summary, the correlation analysis presented here of multiple environmental exposures among pregnant women provide a first picture of the structure of the exposome during the crucial in utero period. 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Antimony | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cesium | Chloroform | Cobalt | Copper | Cotinine | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | Molybdenum | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Nickel | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Pesticides | Phthalic Acids | Selenium | Thallium | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Trihalomethanes | Zinc Pregnant females Spain air | blood, cord | colostrum | serum | urine | water 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Antimony | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cesium | Chloroform | Cobalt | Copper | Cotinine | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | Molybdenum | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Nickel | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Pesticides | Phthalic Acids | Selenium | Thallium | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Trihalomethanes | Zinc Details
8. Stapleton HM, et al. (2014). This study represents the first examination of US children's exposure to a suite of flame retardant chemicals in indoor environments. 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2-ethylhexyltetrabromobenzoate | bis(2-ethylhexyl) 2,3,4,5-tetrabromophthalate | decabromobiphenyl ether | Flame Retardants | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromocyclododecane | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tetrabromobisphenol A | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(1-chloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(chloroethyl)phosphate Children United States dust | handwipe 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2-ethylhexyltetrabromobenzoate | bis(2-ethylhexyl) 2,3,4,5-tetrabromophthalate | decabromobiphenyl ether | Flame Retardants | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromocyclododecane | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tetrabromobisphenol A | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(1-chloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(chloroethyl)phosphate Details
9. Goldner WS, et al. (2010). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) These data support a role of organochlorines, in addition to fungicides, in the etiology of thyroid disease among female spouses enrolled in the Agricultural Health Study. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | alachlor | Aldrin | Atrazine | Benomyl | butylate | Captan | Carbaryl | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chlordan | chlorimuron ethyl | Chlorpyrifos | cyanazine | DDT | Diazinon | Dicamba | Dichlorvos | EPTC | Fonofos | Fungicides, Industrial | glyphosate | Heptachlor | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | imazethapyr | Insecticides | Lindane | Malathion | mancozeb | Maneb | metalaxyl | methyl bromide | metolachlor | metribuzin | Paraquat | Parathion | pendimethalin | Petroleum | terbufos | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin Study subjects United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Hyperthyroidism | Hypothyroidism
10. Beard JD, et al. (2014). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Our study supports a positive association between pesticide exposure and depression, including associations with several specific pesticides. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | aluminum phosphide | Diazinon | Dieldrin | Ethylene Dibromide | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Malathion | Parathion | Pesticides Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Depressive Disorder
11. Saldana TM, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) These findings suggest that activities involving exposure to agricultural pesticides during the first trimester of pregnancy may increase the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Atrazine | butylate | Carbofuran | Diazinon | fenoprop | Pesticides | Phorate Mothers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Diabetes, Gestational
12. Kamel F, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) This study suggests that exposure to certain pesticides may increase Parkinson's disease risk. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Benomyl | butylate | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Tetrachloride | cyanazine | Dicamba | Ethylene Dibromide | Lindane | mancozeb | Maneb | methyl bromide | Paraquat | pendimethalin | Pesticides | Phorate | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile Study subjects | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Parkinson Disease
13. Godduhn A, et al. (2013). Northway Health Study (NHS) The NHS found complex patterns of association between reported resource uses and cancer and thyroid-, reproductive-, metabolic-, and cardiac problems. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Chlorine | Pesticides | Petroleum | Vehicle Emissions Study subjects United States Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Neoplasms | Thyroid Diseases | Urologic Diseases
14. Carreón T, et al. (2005). Upper Midwest Health Study (UMHS) Results show that exposure to pesticides was not associated with an increased risk of intracranial gliomas in women. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2-chloro-N-(ethoxymethyl)-N-(2-methyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)acetamide | alachlor | Aniline Compounds | Arsenicals | Atrazine | bentazone | Benzoic Acid | Carbamates | cyanazine | DDT | Diazinon | Dicamba | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | imazethapyr | Inorganic Chemicals | Malathion | metolachlor | Organophosphates | pendimethalin | Pesticides | Triazines | Trifluralin Controls for disease:Glioma | Subjects with disease:Glioma United States Details Glioma
15. Jurewicz J, et al. (2012). The presented study confirms that farmers' spouses are exposed to pesticides after spraying, which indicates that there is transfer of pesticides from the field to the home environment. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic Acid Study subjects Poland urine 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Herbicides Details
16. Hoppin JA, et al. (2017). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We evaluated the association of currently used pesticides with allergic and non-allergic wheeze among male farmers, and our results implicate several pesticides that are commonly used in agricultural and residential settings with adverse respiratory effects. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | acetochlor | Atrazine | bentazone | Carbaryl | Chlorpyrifos | clomazone | clopyralid | cyfluthrin | Dicamba | Dimethoate | Disulfoton | fenoxaprop ethyl | fluazifop-butyl | glyphosate | Herbicides | imazaquin | Insecticides | Malathion | mesotrione | metolachlor | N-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-5-methyl(1,2,4)-triazol(1,5-a)pyrimidine-2-sulfonamide | nicosulfuron | Permethrin | Petroleum | Picloram | Pyrethrins | Rodenticides | Simazine | triclopyr | Trifluralin | Warfarin Workers United States Details Respiratory Sounds | Rhinitis, Allergic
17. Hoppin JA, et al. (2008). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) These findings suggest that pesticides may contribute to atopic asthma, but not nonatopic asthma, among farm women. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Carbamates | Carbaryl | Coumaphos | DDT | glyphosate | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Malathion | metalaxyl | Organophosphates | Parathion | Permethrin | Pesticides | Phorate Study subjects United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Asthma
18. Mandel JS, et al. (2005). The results of the study showed that exposure to farm family members can be quantified using biological markers of exposure and the exposure was variable by chemical largely, though not exclusively, determined by the degree of direct contact with the application process. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Chlorpyrifos | Herbicides Children | Study subjects | Workers United States urine 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | Herbicides Details
19. Beard JD, et al. (2013). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Our study adds further evidence that high level pesticide exposure, such as pesticide poisoning, is associated with increased risk of depression and sets a lower bound on the level of exposure related to depression, thereby providing reassurance that the moderate levels of pesticide exposure experienced by farmers' wives likely do not increase risk. age | tobacco 2-chloro-N-(ethoxymethyl)-N-(2-methyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)acetamide | Carbamates | Herbicides | metalaxyl | Permethrin | Pesticides | Triazines Study subjects United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Depressive Disorder
20. Marfo JT, et al. (2015). Urinary N-desmethylacetamiprid can be used as a biomarker for environmental exposure to acetamiprid, and detection of N-desmethylacetamiprid was associated with increased prevalence of neurological symptoms. acetamiprid | Insecticides Controls for disease:Neurologic Manifestations | Subjects with disease:Neurologic Manifestations Japan urine clothianidin | N-desmethylacetamiprid | nitenpyram | thiacloprid | thiamethoxam Details Neurologic Manifestations
21. Chamie K, et al. (2008). Individuals who were exposed to Agent Orange had an increased incidence of prostate cancer, developed the disease at a younger age, and had a more aggressive variant than their unexposed counterparts. Agent Orange | Defoliants, Chemical Veterans United States Details Prostatic Neoplasms
22. Kern PA, et al. (2004). These data suggest that high blood tetrachlorodibenzodioxin (TCDD) levels, from exposure to Agent Orange, may promote an insulin-resistant state, but the magnitude of this effect appeared to be small, such that an 18-fold increase in blood TCDD resulted in only a 10% change in insulin sensitivity. Agent Orange | Defoliants, Chemical Veterans United States serum Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin Details Insulin Resistance
23. Zafar MB, et al. (2001). Agent Orange may have a role in the causation of some types of cancer but we identified no significant relationship of prostate cancer with Agent Orange exposure in patients referred for prostate biopsy. Agent Orange | Defoliants, Chemical Veterans United States Details Prostatic Neoplasms
24. Michalek JE, et al. (2001). We found an increased risk of 'other liver disorders' among veterans with the highest dioxin levels; whether the associations observed were causal is unclear from these data. Agent Orange | Defoliants, Chemical Veterans United States serum Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin Details Liver Diseases
25. Beard JD, et al. (2016). Genes and Environmental Exposures in Veterans with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (GENEVA) We evaluated associations between military-related factors and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis using data from a case-control study of US military veterans; among some of the positive associations (needing confirmation) were exposure to military herbicides, military nasopharyngeal radium, and Agent Orange. Agent Orange | Defoliants, Chemical | Radium Subjects with disease:Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis | Veterans United States Details Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
26. Winchester PD, et al. (2009). Birth defect rates in the Unites States were found to be highest for women conceiving in the spring and summer, and elevated concentrations of agrichemicals in surface water in April-July months coincided with higher risk of birth defects; while a causal link between agrichemicals and birth defects cannot be proven from this study, an association might provide clues to common factors shared by both variables. Agrochemicals Fetuses | Pregnant females United States water Atrazine | Nitrates | Pesticides Details Congenital Abnormalities
27. Windham GC, et al. (2006). Our results suggest a potential association between autism and estimated metal concentrations, and possibly chlorinated solvents, in ambient air around the birth residence, requiring confirmation and more refined exposure assessment in future studies. Air Pollutants Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children United States air, ambient Arsenic | Benzene | Cadmium | Chromium | ethylbenzene | hydrazine | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Metals, Heavy | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Solvents | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
28. Thompson JA, et al. (2008). The current study identified geographic factors supporting more focused studies of germ cell tumors and 'other' gliomas in areas of intense cropping, hepatic cancer near Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAP) release facilities and specific locations with increased risks for CNS embryonal tumors and for 'other' leukemias. Air Pollutants | Pesticides Children United States Details Glioma | Liver Neoplasms | Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
29. Hoppin JA, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Among farmers, handling silage, high pesticide exposure events, and ever use of organochlorine and carbamate pesticides were associated with farmer's lung in mutually-adjusted models. Aldicarb | Carbamates | DDT | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Lindane | Pesticides Study subjects | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Farmer's Lung
30. Kamel F, et al. (2012). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) The meta-analysis suggests that amyotrophic lateral sclerosis risk is associated with use of pesticides as a group, and our analysis of Agricultural Health Study data points to organochlorine insecticide use in particular. Aldrin | DDT | Dieldrin | Herbicides | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Pesticides | Pyrethrins | Toxaphene Study subjects | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
31. Shin HM, et al. (2014). Early Autism Risk Longitudinal Investigation (EARLI) A total of six phthalates, four personal care product ingredients, and five flame retardants were analyzed in household dust from 30 homes in three different regions in the U.S. Aminobenzoates | Benzopyrans | butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | Flame Retardants | octylmethoxycinnamate | Tetrahydronaphthalenes | triphenyl phosphate | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(chloroethyl)phosphate United States dust Aminobenzoates | Benzopyrans | butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | Flame Retardants | octylmethoxycinnamate | Tetrahydronaphthalenes | triphenyl phosphate | tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphate | tris(chloroethyl)phosphate Details
32. Valcin M, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Pesticides as well as grain and dust exposures were associated with chronic bronchitis among nonsmoking farm women. Asbestos | cyanazine | DDT | Dichlorvos | Gasoline | methyl bromide | Paraquat | Solvents Study subjects United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Bronchitis, Chronic
33. Farr SL, et al. (2004). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Our findings, along with results from toxicology studies, suggest that use of certain hormonally active pesticides may affect menstrual cycles. Atrazine | Carbamates | Herbicides | Insecticides | Lindane | mancozeb | Maneb | Pesticides Study subjects United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Menstruation Disturbances | menstrual cycle
34. Sudaryanto A, et al. (2005). This study determined the concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and dibenzofurans, PCBs, organochlorine pesticides, and tris(4-chlorophenyl)methane in breast milk collected in 2003 from primipara mothers living in Malaysia. Benzofurans | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Pesticides | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins Mothers Malaysia milk, human 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,6,7,8-hexachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,4'5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzofuran | 3,4,3',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane | Benzofurans | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Lindane | nonachlor | octachlorodibenzo-4-dioxin | oxychlordane | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins | Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin | tris(4-chlorophenyl)methane Details
35. Kunisue T, et al. (2006). Organochlorine levels in human breast milk from primiparae were significantly higher than those from multiparae, implying elimination via lactation, and significant positive correlations were observed between levels and the age of primiparae; these results indicate that the mothers with higher age may transfer higher amounts to the first infant than those born afterwards through breast-feeding, and hence the first born children might be at higher risk. age | diet Benzofurans | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Pesticides | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins Mothers Japan milk, human 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,6,7,8-hexachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,4'5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzofuran | 3,4,3',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane | Benzofurans | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | nonachlor | octachlorodibenzo-4-dioxin | octachlorodibenzofuran | oxychlordane | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins | Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin Details
36. LaKind JS, et al. (2009). Contrary to earlier research, we found that lipid-adjusted concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polychlorinated biphenyls, polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, furans, and organochlorine pesticides in serum and milk do not consistently decrease during lactation and can increase for some women; thus, the concept of pumping and discarding early milk as means of reducing infant exposure is not supported. Benzofurans | Dioxins | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Pesticides | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Mothers United States milk, human | serum 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzodioxin | 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,4,7,8-hexachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,6,7,8-hexachlorodibenzodioxin | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | Hexachlorobenzene | Mirex | nonachlor | octachlorodibenzo-4-dioxin | octachlorodibenzofuran | oxychlordane | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 Details
37. Beseler C, et al. (2006). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) In this study, a history of pesticide poisoning was significantly associated with self-reported physician diagnosed depression among female spouses of private pesticide applicators, after controlling for other risk factors. age | alcohol drinking | race | tobacco Carbamates | Fungicides, Industrial | Herbicides | Insecticides | Pesticides Study subjects United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Depressive Disorder
38. Kamel F, et al. (2000). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) These results suggest that exposure to some fungicides and insecticides may increase risk of retinal degeneration. Carbamates | Fungicides, Industrial | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Organophosphates Controls for disease:Retinal Degeneration | Subjects with disease:Retinal Degeneration | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Retinal Degeneration
39. Kieszak SM, et al. (2002). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) | Priority Toxicant Reference Range Study (PTRRS) The main objective of our study was to determine whether we could use data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) to detect a relation between self-reported food consumption (particularly consumption of fruits, vegetables, and bread products) and urinary levels of pesticides or their metabolites in a population of 978 adults living in the US. diet Carbaryl | Chlorpyrifos | naphthalene | Pentachlorophenol | Pesticides Study subjects United States urine 1-naphthol | 2-isopropoxyphenol | 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 4-nitrophenol | Pentachlorophenol Details
40. Bonner MR, et al. (2017). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We provide additional evidence for an association between pendimethalin, dieldrin, and parathion pesticide use and lung cancer risk; we also found an association between chlorimuron ethyl (a herbicide introduced in 1986) and lung cancer that has not been previously reported. chlorimuron ethyl | Dieldrin | pendimethalin | Pesticides Workers United States Details Lung Neoplasms
41. Sagiv SK, et al. (2018). Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas (CHAMACOS) These findings contribute mixed evidence linking organophosphate pesticide exposures with traits related to developmental disorders like autism spectrum disorders. Chlorpyrifos | Diazinon | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | Malathion | methyl demeton | Organophosphates | Pesticides Children | Pregnant females United States urine Chlorpyrifos | Diazinon | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | Malathion | methyl demeton | Organophosphates | Pesticides Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
42. Narayan S, et al. (2013). We provide evidence that household use of organophosphorus chemical pesticides is associated with an increased risk of developing Parkinson's disease. genetics Chlorpyrifos | Diazinon | Organophosphates | Organophosphorus Compounds | Organothiophosphates | Pesticides Controls for disease:Parkinson Disease | Subjects with disease:Parkinson Disease | Subjects with gene influence:PON1 United States Details Parkinson Disease
43. Manthripragada AD, et al. (2010). Parkinson's Environment and Genes Study (PEG) The increase in risk we observed among PON1-55 variant carriers for specific organophosphates metabolized by PON1 underscores the importance of considering susceptibility factors when studying environmental exposures in Parkinson disease. genetics Chlorpyrifos | Diazinon | Pesticides Subjects with gene influence:PON1 United States Chlorpyrifos | Diazinon | Pesticides Details Parkinson Disease
44. Koh DH, et al. (2008). This study examined the relationship between asthma mortality and occupational exposure in the dye industry among 66,089 male workers (including 904 in the dy industry); the asthma mortality in the dye industry workers was significantly higher than in the general population. Coloring Agents Workers Korea, Republic of Details Asthma, Occupational | Death
45. Siripanich S, et al. (2014). Dust and chemicals were major threats in small household incense and joss stick factories in Thailand. Coloring Agents | Dust | Metals, Heavy | Particulate Matter Workers Thailand air, ambient | air, indoor | dye | incense stick Barium | Cadmium | Chromium | Dust | Lead | Manganese | Nickel | Particulate Matter Details
46. No authors listed. (2005). This report describes 28 additional cases of hydrogen cyanamide-related illness that occurred during 2002-2004 in Italy; these illnesses suggest that the preventive measures adopted in 2003 to protect agricultural workers are inadequate. Cyanamide | Pesticides Workers Italy Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Cardiovascular Diseases | Eye Diseases | Neurologic Manifestations | Poisoning | Signs and Symptoms, Digestive | Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory | Skin Diseases | Skin Manifestations
47. No authors listed. (2001). During Jan-Feb 2001, eight cases of acute illness in the county of Ragusa (Italy) were attributed to exposure to Dormex, a plant growth regulator with hydrogen cyanamide as the active ingredient. Cyanamide | Pesticides Workers Italy Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Cardiovascular Diseases | Eye Diseases | Neurologic Manifestations | Poisoning | Signs and Symptoms, Digestive | Skin Diseases | Skin Manifestations
48. Dudarev AA. (2012). Based on the analytical findings and the indentified sources of local persistent toxic substances, guidelines on food safety are suggested, as well as measures to reduce food contamination and domestic and local sources. diet DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Insecticides | Lindane | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Study subjects Russian Federation beverage, alcoholic | insecticide | meat, walrus, fermented | meat, walrus, fresh DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Lindane | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details
49. Orisakwe OE, et al. (2016). The upper limits, target hazard quotient, and daily intake rates were all normal for the Nigerian toothpastes tested, suggesting no potential health risk associated with their use; however, it is important to note the high levels of lead, cobalt, and nickel in some of the commonly used toothpastes, especially in children. Dentifrices Children Nigeria toothpaste Cadmium | Chromium | Cobalt | Lead | Nickel Details
50. Rava M, et al. (2017). Epidemiological family-based study of the Genetics and Environment of Asthma (EGEA) | European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) | Swiss study on Air Pollution and Lung Diseases In Adults (SAPALDIA) This study identified interactions between genetic variants near or within five genes, PLA2G4A, PLA2R1, RELA, PRKD1 and PRKCA, and occupational exposures to low molecular weight agents or irritants for current adult-onset asthma. Detergents | Disinfectants Subjects with gene influence:PLA2G4A | Subjects with gene influence:PLA2R1 | Subjects with gene influence:PRKCA | Subjects with gene influence:PRKD1 | Subjects with gene influence:RELA | Workers France|Switzerland Details Asthma, Occupational
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