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Chemical Particulate Matter

These are exposure studies associated with the chemical and all of its children.

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1–50 of 455 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Sexton K, et al. (2007). Our aim was to compare and rank relative health risks of 179 air pollutants in Houston using an evidence-based approach supplemented by the expert judgment of a panel of academic scientists. 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | acrylic acid | Acrylonitrile | Arsenicals | Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chlorine | chromium hexavalent ion | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Formaldehyde | naphthalene | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Vehicle Emissions | Vinyl Chloride Study subjects United States Details Disorders of Environmental Origin | Neoplasms
2. Bergauff MA, et al. (2010). These studies suggest that diet is a major factor in determining urinary levoglucosan levels and recent dietary history needs to be taken into account for future work involving levoglucosan as a biomarker of wood smoke exposure. diet 1,6-anhydro-beta-glucopyranose | Particulate Matter Study subjects United States urine 1,6-anhydro-beta-glucopyranose | Particulate Matter Details
3. Brody JG, et al. (2009). Northern California Household Exposure Study In this study, we found that cumulative air pollution burdens were more pronounced indoors than outdoors in an urban industrial environmental justice community in comparison with a rural community. 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium United States air, indoor | air, outdoor 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | 2-phenylphenol | acenaphthene | Aluminum | Ammonia | Calcium | Carbon | Copper | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | fluoranthene | fluorene | Iron | Lead | Manganese | Nitrates | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | Potassium | pyrene | Sulfates | Vanadium Details
4. Robinson O, et al. (2015). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project In summary, the correlation analysis presented here of multiple environmental exposures among pregnant women provide a first picture of the structure of the exposome during the crucial in utero period. 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Antimony | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cesium | Chloroform | Cobalt | Copper | Cotinine | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | Molybdenum | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Nickel | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Pesticides | Phthalic Acids | Selenium | Thallium | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Trihalomethanes | Zinc Pregnant females Spain air | blood, cord | colostrum | serum | urine | water 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Antimony | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Cesium | Chloroform | Cobalt | Copper | Cotinine | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | Molybdenum | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | Nickel | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Pesticides | Phthalic Acids | Selenium | Thallium | Tobacco Smoke Pollution | Trihalomethanes | Zinc Details
5. Kioumourtzoglou MA, et al. (2013). Aerosol Research and Inhalation Epidemiology Study (ARIES) Results suggest that week-long exposures to traffic-related, primary organic species are associated with increased rate of total and cause-specific cardiovascular disease emergency hospital admissions. 9-fluorenone | acenaphthylene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(e)pyrene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | Cyclohexane | cyclopenta(c,d)pyrene | docosane | dotriacontane | fluoranthene | hentriacontane | n-heneicosane | nonacosane | n-pentacosane | n-tricosane | octacosane | Particulate Matter | phenanthrene | pyrene | retene | Soot | tetracosane | tritriacontane Subjects with disease:Cardiovascular Diseases | Subjects with disease:Coronary Disease | Subjects with disease:Myocardial Infarction | Subjects with disease:Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive United States air 9-fluorenone | acenaphthylene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(e)pyrene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | Cyclohexane | cyclopenta(c,d)pyrene | docosane | dotriacontane | fluoranthene | hentriacontane | n-heneicosane | nonacosane | n-pentacosane | n-tricosane | octacosane | phenanthrene | pyrene | retene | Soot | tetracosane | tritriacontane Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Coronary Disease | Myocardial Infarction | Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
6. Pedersen M, et al. (2012). Dietary exposure to acrylamide was associated with reduced birth weight and head circumference. Consumption of specific foods during pregnancy was associated with higher acrylamide exposure in utero diet Acrylamide | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Fetuses | Pregnant females Denmark|Greece|
Norway|Spain|
United Kingdom
blood, cord Acrylamide | Ethylene Oxide | glycidamide Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | head development
7. Laurent O, et al. (2016). In our statewide nested case-control study population, exposures to both primary and secondary pollutants were associated with an increase in preterm birth. Aerosols | Ammonium Compounds | Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chromium | Gasoline | Iron | Magnesium | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Strontium | Sulfates | Titanium | Zinc Pregnant females United States air Aerosols | Ammonium Compounds | Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chromium | Gasoline | Iron | Magnesium | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Strontium | Sulfates | Titanium | Zinc Details Premature Birth
8. Schwartz J, et al. (2017). We conclude that there is a causal association of local air pollution with daily deaths at concentrations below U.S. EPA standards; the estimated attributable risk in Boston exceeded 1,800 deaths during the study period. Air Pollutants Study subjects United States air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Soot Details Death
9. Jung CR, et al. (2017). Our results provide new evidence that exposure to ozone may increase the risk of Kawasaki disease in children. Air Pollutants Children | Subjects with disease:Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome Taiwan, Province of China air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome
10. O'Neal WT, et al. (2017). Reasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Long-term, but not short-term, exposure to particulate matter PM2.5 is associated with premature atrial contractions, suggesting a role for long-term PM2.5 in initiating supraventricular arrhythmias triggered by such contractions. Air Pollutants Controls for disease:Atrial Premature Complexes | Subjects with disease:Atrial Premature Complexes United States air, ambient Particulate Matter Details Atrial Premature Complexes
11. Eze IC, et al. (2016). Swiss study on Air Pollution and Lung Diseases In Adults (SAPALDIA) We investigated the modification of ambient air pollution and diabetes association by a genetic risk score covering 63 type 2 diabetes genes; our results suggest that genetic risk for diabetes may modify susceptibility to air pollution through alterations in insulin sensitivity. genetics Air Pollutants Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Subjects with gene influence:GRB14 | Subjects with gene influence:KCNQ1 | Subjects with gene influence:PTPRD | Subjects with gene influence:UBE2E2 | Subjects with gene influence:VPS26A Switzerland air, ambient Particulate Matter Details Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
12. Ferreira AM, et al. (2014). We evaluated the indoor air quality in schools in Coimbra (Portugal), and found a statistically significant association between lack of concentration in the children and exposure to high levels of carbon dioxide. Air Pollutants Children Portugal air, indoor Carbon Dioxide | Carbon Monoxide | Formaldehyde | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide | Volatile Organic Compounds Details cognition
13. Bentayeb M, et al. (2015). GAZEL Cohort Study We analyzed the association between long-term exposure to air pollution and mortality in a large French cohort (from 1989-2013), and found that long-term exposure to fine particular matter, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide and benzene is associated with an increased risk of non-accidental mortality. Air Pollutants Study subjects France air, ambient Benzene | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Death
14. Shmool JL, et al. (2016). New York City Community Air Survey (NYCCAS) We leverage highly spatially-refined air pollution data to incorporate individual-level spatial exposure variation in a case-crossover analysis of daily ozone exposure and childhood asthma exacerbation events in New York City; incorporating case-level spatial exposure variation produced small, non-significant increases in excess risk estimates. Air Pollutants Subjects with disease:Asthma | Children United States air, ambient Ozone | Particulate Matter Details
15. Jones MR, et al. (2015). Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) The smaller carotid intima-media thickness levels in U.S. Chinese participants were even smaller after accounting for higher particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations compared with Caucasian-Americans; however, air pollution was not related to intima-media thickness differences in African-Americans and Hispanics compared with Caucasian-Americans. race Air Pollutants Study subjects United States air, ambient Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter Details Carotid Intimal Medial Thickness 1 | blood vessel development
16. Pun VC, et al. (2015). Nurses' Health Study (NHS) Particulate matter in the prior 1 and 12 months is associated with pulmonary embolism risk, and women with underlying health conditions may be more susceptible to pulmonary embolism after particulate matter exposure. sex Air Pollutants Study subjects United States air, ambient Particulate Matter Details Pulmonary Embolism
17. Lin CC, et al. (2014). Taiwan Birth Cohort Pilot Study (TBCS-p) Low-level sulfur dioxide exposure prenatally and up to 12 months postnatal could cause adverse neurobehavioral effects at 18 months of age; furthermore, adverse gross motor below average scores at 6 months of age were associated with increased non-methane hydrocarbon exposure during the second and third trimesters. Air Pollutants Fetuses | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Taiwan, Province of China air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Hydrocarbons | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Neurobehavioral Manifestations | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | motor behavior
18. Clark NA, et al. (2010). We observed a statistically significantly increased risk of asthma diagnosis with increased early life exposure to carbon monoxide, nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter (PM10), sulfur dioxide, and black carbon and proximity to point sources. age Air Pollutants Controls for disease:Asthma | Subjects with disease:Asthma Canada Carbon Monoxide | Nitric Oxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfur Dioxide Details Asthma
19. Kim JH, et al. (2012). Korean Elderly Environmental Panel (KEEP) Our results suggest that particulate matter (PM10), ozone, and nitrogen dioxide may increase insulin resistance in the elderly, and that GSTM1-null, GSTT1-null, and GSTP1 genotypes may increase susceptibility to potential effects of ambient air pollutants on insulin resistance. genetics Air Pollutants Subjects with gene influence:GSTM1 | Subjects with gene influence:GSTP1 | Subjects with gene influence:GSTT1 | Study subjects Korea, Republic of air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Insulin Resistance
20. López-Abente G, et al. (2012). Statistically significant relative risks for colorectal cancer mortality at a municipal level were detected in the vicinity of mining industry, paper and wood production, food and beverage sector, metal production and processing installations, and ceramics. Air Pollutants Study subjects Spain air, outdoor 1,1,1-trichloroethane | Ammonia | anthracene | Antimony | Arsenicals | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Cadmium | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Dioxide | Carbon Monoxide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chlorine | Chlorine Compounds | Chlorofluorocarbons | Chloroform | Chromium | Chromium Compounds | Cobalt | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Dioxins | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Fluorine | Fluorine Compounds | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrogen Cyanide | Lead | Manganese | Manganese Compounds | Mercury | Mercury Compounds | Methane | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | Nickel | Nitrogen Oxides | Nitrous Oxide | Particulate Matter | Pentachlorophenol | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Sulfur Oxides | Tetrachloroethylene | Thallium | trichlorobenzene | Trichloroethylene | Vanadium | Vanadium Compounds | Vinyl Chloride | Zinc | Zinc Compounds Details Colorectal Neoplasms | Death
21. Raun LH, et al. (2014). In Houston (Texas), ozone and nitrogen dioxide are important triggers of asthma attacks in a multi-pollutant model, and persons at highest risk are aged 46-66, African Americans, and males. age | race | sex Air Pollutants Subjects with disease:Asthma | Study subjects United States air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Asthma
22. López-Villarrubia E, et al. (2010). Our findings indicate the existence of a short-term association between current exposure levels to air pollutants and total mortality as well as mortality due to heart and respiratory diseases in both Canary cities studied along with evidence that the association on a given day may spread over several successive days. Air Pollutants Spain air Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Death | Heart Diseases | Respiratory Tract Diseases
23. Künzli N, et al. (2010). B-Vitamin Atherosclerosis Intervention Trial (BVAIT) | Estrogen in the Prevention of Atherosclerosis Trial (EPAT) | Troglitazone Atherosclerosis Regression Trial (TART) | Vitamin E Atherosclerosis Prevention Study (VEAPS) | Women's Estrogen-Progestin Lipid-Lowering Hormone Atherosclerosis Regression Trial (WELL-HART) Consistent with cross-sectional findings and animal studies, this is the first study to report an association between exposure to air pollution and the progression of atherosclerosis - indicated with carotid artery intima-media thickness change - in humans. Air Pollutants Study subjects United States air Particulate Matter Details Atherosclerosis
24. Hansell A, et al. (2016). Office for National Statistics Longitudinal Study This large national study suggests that air pollution exposure has long-term effects on mortality that persist decades after exposure, and that historic air pollution exposures influence current estimates of associations between air pollution and mortality. Air Pollutants Study subjects United Kingdom air, ambient Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfur Dioxide Details Death | Respiratory Tract Diseases
25. Strickland MJ, et al. (2011). Implications of different approaches for characterizing ambient air pollutant concentrations within the urban airshed for time-series studies and health benefits analyses. Air Pollutants United States air, ambient Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details
26. Hansen AB, et al. (2016). Danish Nurse Cohort We examined the association between long-term exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5) and diabetes incidence; non-smokers, obese subjects, and cardiovascular disease patients may be most susceptible to development of diabetes related to air pollution. disease | tobacco Air Pollutants Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Subjects with disease:Myocardial Infarction | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Study subjects Denmark air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter Details Diabetes Mellitus
27. Gao M, et al. (2015). Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is a growing public health concern, but existing monitoring networks are unable to properly characterize human exposures due to low resolution spatiotemporal data; low-cost portable monitors can supplement existing networks to increase density of sites and data; this study tests the performance of a low-cost, portable sensor in high concentration urban environments in China. Air Pollutants Study subjects China|United States air, ambient Particulate Matter Details
28. Samoli E, et al. (2017). Respiratory Effects of Ozone Exposure (RESPOZE) Our findings indicate that short-term ozone exposure may be associated with respiratory symptoms; an increase in personal exposure was associated with increased odds of stuffy nose. Air Pollutants Children Greece air, ambient | air, personal Ozone | Particulate Matter Details Respiratory Tract Diseases
29. Logue JM, et al. (2012). The approach demonstrated in this study may be used to assess regional and national initiatives that affect indoor air quality at the population level. Cumulative health impacts from inhalation in U.S. residences of the indoor air pollutants assessed in this study are estimated at 400-1,100 disability-adjusted life years lost annually per 100,000 persons. Air Pollutants United States 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,1,2-trichloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 2-butenal | 2-ethoxyethanol | 2-ethylhexanol | 2-phenylphenol | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | Acrylonitrile | Ammonia | Arsenic | Atrazine | Benzaldehydes | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzyl chloride | Beryllium | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | Cadmium | Carbon Disulfide | Carbon Monoxide | Carbon Tetrachloride | chlorobenzene | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Chromium | cumene | Cyclohexane | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | dioctyl adipate | Ethanol | ethylbenzene | Ethyl Chloride | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Formaldehyde | hexachlorobutadiene | Manganese | Mercury | methyl cellosolve | Methyl Chloride | Methylene Chloride | methylethyl ketone | methyl isobutyl ketone | Methylmethacrylate | methyl tert-butyl ether | naphthalene | n-butoxyethanol | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Pentachlorophenol | Styrene | Sulfur Dioxide | Tetrachloroethylene | tetrahydrofuran | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | vinylidene chloride | Xylenes Details
30. Ranzi A, et al. (2011). No increased risk of mortality and morbidity was found in the entire area among people living close to incinerators. The internal analysis of the cohort based on dispersion modeling found excesses of mortality for some cancer types in the highest exposure categories, especially in women. People in the highest heavy metal exposure categories tended to have a lower socioeconomic status than those in the lowest categories. The interpretation of the findings is limited given the pilot nature of the study sex | socioeconomic status Air Pollutants Study subjects Italy waste, industrial Cadmium | Dioxins | Mercury | Metals, Heavy | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Details Breast Neoplasms | Colorectal Neoplasms | Death | Liver Neoplasms | Neoplasms | Stomach Neoplasms
31. Zhang P, et al. (2011). Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution is associated with the death of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases among Chinese populations. The effects of air pollution were more evident in female that in male, and nonsmokers and residents with body mass index less than 18.5 were more vulnerable to outdoor air pollution. body mass index | sex | tobacco Air Pollutants Study subjects China air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Cerebrovascular Disorders | Death
32. César AC, et al. (2015). Even at nitrogen oxides concentrations below the acceptable standard, there is association with deaths caused by respiratory diseases. Air Pollutants Study subjects Brazil air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Ozone | Particulate Matter Details Death | Respiration Disorders
33. Zhang F, et al. (2011). Study on the association between ambient air pollution and daily cardiovascular and respiratory mortality in an urban district of Beijing. Air Pollutants Study subjects China air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Death | Respiratory Tract Diseases
34. Gorai AK, et al. (2016). Our results reveal no significant association between asthma rates and exposure of ambient air pollutants; however, there is a positive correlation between particulate matter PM2.5 and asthma discharge rates and a negative correlation between asthma rates and ozone, but these were not statistically significant, and can be better explained by local weather conditions; the research facilitates identification of hotspots for controlling the most affected populations from further environmental exposure, and for preventing or reducing the health impacts. Air Pollutants Study subjects United States air, ambient Ozone | Particulate Matter Details Asthma
35. Kan H, et al. (2007). Global Air Quality Guidelines set by World Health Organization | US National Ambient Air Quality Standards Our analyses provide the first statistically significant evidence in China that particulate matter (PM2.5) has an adverse effect on population health and strengthen the rationale for further limiting levels of PM2.5 in outdoor air in Shanghai. Air Pollutants Study subjects China|United States air, ambient Ozone | Particulate Matter Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Respiratory Tract Diseases
36. Hystad P, et al. (2012). National Enhanced Cancer Surveillance System (NECSS) We demonstrate a flexible exposure assessment approach for estimating historical air pollution concentrations over large geographical areas and time-periods. Air Pollutants Canada air Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter Details
37. Velická H, et al. (2015). These results suggest moderately strong associations between air pollutant concentrations and respiratory difficulties among asthmatic children and adolescents. disease Air Pollutants Subjects with disease:Asthma | Children Czech Republic air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Respiratory Sounds
38. Liu R, et al. (2016). Parkinson's Genes and Environment Study (PAGE) Overall, we found limited evidence for an association between exposures to ambient particulate matter PM10, PM2.5, or nitrogen dioxide and Parkinson disease risk; however, the suggestive evidence that exposures to PM2.5 and PM10 may increase disease risk among female never-smokers warrants further investigation. sex | tobacco Air Pollutants Controls for disease:Parkinson Disease | Subjects with disease:Parkinson Disease United States air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Details Parkinson Disease
39. Sarnat SE, et al. (2006). Our results suggest that ventilation may be an important modifier of the magnitude of effect in time-series health studies, and results from time-series health studies based on 24-hr ambient concentrations are more readily interpretable for particles than for gases. Air Pollutants Study subjects United States air, ambient | air, personal Carbon | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide Details
40. Baccarelli A, et al. (2007). Air particles may interact with cigarette smoking and increase plasma homocysteine in healthy subjects. tobacco Air Pollutants Study subjects Italy air, ambient | plasma Carbon Monoxide | Homocysteine | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details
41. Symons JM, et al. (2006). The authors evaluated the association between particulate matter PM2.5 exposure and onset of congestive heart failure symptom exacerbation leading to hospital admission; although overall findings were not statistically significant, the identification of case events defined by an 8-hour onset period may be more relevant than either a 24-hour onset period or the admission date for estimating harmful effects. Air Pollutants Subjects with disease:Heart Failure United States air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter Details
42. Schildcrout JS, et al. (2006). Childhood Asthma Management Program (CAMP) This study reports the relation between ambient concentrations of five air pollutants and asthma exacerbations: lags in carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide were positively associated with both measures of asthma exacerbation, and the 3-day moving sum of sulfur dioxide levels was marginally related to asthma symptoms, but particulate matter PM10 and ozone were unrelated to exacerbations. Air Pollutants Children Canada|United States air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Asthma
43. Jantzen K, et al. (2016). Health2006 Our results indicate that exposure to fine and ultrafine particles derived from indoor sources may have adverse effects on human vascular health by modulating levels of circulating endothelial progenitor cells. Air Pollutants Study subjects Denmark air, indoor Particulate Matter Details regulation of endothelial cell differentiation
44. Windham GC, et al. (2006). Our results suggest a potential association between autism and estimated metal concentrations, and possibly chlorinated solvents, in ambient air around the birth residence, requiring confirmation and more refined exposure assessment in future studies. Air Pollutants Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children United States air, ambient Arsenic | Benzene | Cadmium | Chromium | ethylbenzene | hydrazine | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Metals, Heavy | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Particulate Matter | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Solvents | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride | Xylenes Details Autism Spectrum Disorder
45. Pattenden S, et al. (2006). Pollution and the Young (PATY) Evidence for associations between nitrogen dioxide and respiratory symptoms was robust only for inhalation allergies. Air Pollutants Children Austria|Italy|
Netherlands|Russian Federation|
Switzerland
air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Respiratory Hypersensitivity
46. Karr C, et al. (2007). Subchronic and chronic particulate matter PM2.5 exposures were associated with increased risk of bronchiolitis hospitalization for infants. Air Pollutants Controls for disease:Bronchiolitis | Subjects with disease:Bronchiolitis | Infants or newborns United States air, outdoor Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter Details Bronchiolitis
47. O'Neill MS, et al. (2007). The results corroborate evidence suggesting that inflammatory mechanisms may explain the increased risk of air pollution-associated cardiovascular events among those with diabetes; among participants not taking statins and those with a history of smoking, associations between particulate matter 2.5, black carbon, and plasma protein VCAM1 were particularly strong. disease | tobacco Air Pollutants Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Study subjects United States air, ambient | plasma ICAM1 | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates | VCAM1 Details production of molecular mediator involved in inflammatory response
48. Chardon B, et al. (2007). This study confirm the higher sensibility of using doctor's house calls for respiratory diseases as a health indicator related to air pollution. Air Pollutants Study subjects France air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Details
49. Dehbi HM, et al. (2017). National Survey of Health and Development (NSHD) | Southall And Brent Revisited (SABRE) Study We examined associations between air pollution and cardiovascular disease mortality in two British cohorts with over 25 years of follow-up; our results support a detrimental long-term effect for air pollutants on cardiovascular mortality. Air Pollutants Study subjects United Kingdom air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter | Smoke | Sulfur Dioxide Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Death
50. Lin H, et al. (2017). Hourly peak concentration may capture health effects of ambient fine particulate matter pollution (PM2.5) better than daily averages; significant associations were found between hourly peak PM2.5 concentrations and cardiovascular mortality, particularly from ischemic heart diseases and cerebrovascular diseases. Air Pollutants Study subjects China air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Cerebrovascular Disorders | Death | Myocardial Ischemia
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