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Disease Neoplasms

These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.

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1–50 of 263 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Sexton K, et al. (2007). Our aim was to compare and rank relative health risks of 179 air pollutants in Houston using an evidence-based approach supplemented by the expert judgment of a panel of academic scientists. 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane | 1,3-butadiene | 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate | Acetaldehyde | Acrolein | acrylic acid | Acrylonitrile | Arsenicals | Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chlorine | chromium hexavalent ion | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Formaldehyde | naphthalene | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Vehicle Emissions | Vinyl Chloride Study subjects United States Details Disorders of Environmental Origin | Neoplasms
2. Loh MM, et al. (2007). In this study we compared cancer risks from organic hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) based on total personal exposure summed across different microenvironments and exposure pathways. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | chrysene | Dioxins | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | fluoranthene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride Study subjects United States 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 1,3-dichloro-1-propene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | anthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | chrysene | Dioxins | Ethylene Dibromide | ethylene dichloride | fluoranthene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | phenanthrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | pyrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride Details Neoplasms
3. von Ehrenstein OS, et al. (2016). California Cancer Registry Our data suggest that in utero and infancy exposures to air toxics generated by industrial and road traffic sources may increase the risk of primitive neuroectodermal tumor and medulloblastoma, with limited support for increased risks for astrocytoma in children up to age 6. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 2-dichlorobenzene | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Chloroform | Chromium | chromium hexavalent ion | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lead | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Selenium | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Study subjects United States air 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | 1,3-butadiene | 2-dichlorobenzene | 2-xylene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Benzene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | Chloroform | Chromium | chromium hexavalent ion | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Lead | Methylene Chloride | Nickel | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Selenium | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Toluene | Trichloroethylene Details Astrocytoma | Medulloblastoma | Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
4. Ruckart PZ, et al. (2015). Findings suggested possible associations between male breast cancer and being stationed at Camp Lejeune and cumulative exposure to tetrachloroethylene, t-1,2 dichloroethylene, and vinyl chloride. 1,2-dichloroethylene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene | Vinyl Chloride Controls for disease:Breast Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Breast Neoplasms | Veterans United States 1,2-dichloroethylene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene Details Breast Neoplasms
5. Kponee KZ, et al. (2018). In this pilot study, we measured indoor volatile organic compound (VOC) concentrations in the indoor air of 20 households in Ogale, an Ogoniland community whose groundwater system is contaminated with benzene at levels 900 times the World Health Organization guidelines and evaluated self-reported health conditions and predicted cancer risks and hazards from inhalation exposure to VOCs. 1,4-dioxane | 2,5-dimethylfuran | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-cymene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | cumene | ethylbenzene | hemimellitene | Limonene | mesitylene | naphthalene | n-propylbenzene | pseudocumene | sec-butylbenzene | Styrene | Toluene | Xylenes Study subjects Nigeria air 1,4-dioxane | 2,5-dimethylfuran | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-cymene | 4-dichlorobenzene | 4-xylene | Benzene | Carbon Tetrachloride | cumene | ethylbenzene | hemimellitene | Limonene | mesitylene | naphthalene | n-propylbenzene | pseudocumene | sec-butylbenzene | Styrene | Toluene | Xylenes Details Neoplasms
6. Ward MH, et al. (2014). Northern California Childhood Leukemia Study (NCCLS) We found no association with acute lymphoblastic leukemia for common polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), but we observed positive associations for specific octa and nonaBDEs. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,5',6-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',6,6'-octabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,5,5',6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Study subjects United States dust 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,5',6-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,4',6,6'-octabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,3',4,5,5',6,6'-nonabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | decabromobiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
7. Recio-Vega R, et al. (2013). The risk of lung cancer was found to correlate with age, gender, smoking history and with agricultural workers, as well as with (polychlorinated biphenyl) congener 18. age | sex | tobacco 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,3',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Controls for disease:Lung Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Lung Neoplasms Mexico serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,3',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details
8. Bräuner EV, et al. (2012). Diet, Cancer and Health Study We found a higher risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in association with higher adipose tissue levels of DDT, cis-nonachlor, and oxychlordane, but no association with polychlorinated biphenyls. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dieldrin | Hexachlorobenzene | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 Controls for disease:Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin | Subjects with disease:Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin | Study subjects Denmark adipose tissue 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dieldrin | Hexachlorobenzene | nonachlor | oxychlordane | PCB 180 Details Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
9. Holmes AK, et al. (2014). Exposure to the parent compound of the phthalate metabolite MEHP may be associated with breast cancer. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Hexachlorocyclohexane | Mirex | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | monomethyl phthalate | nonachlor | o,p'-DDT | oxychlordane | PCB 180 Controls for disease:Breast Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Breast Neoplasms | Study subjects United States serum | urine 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Hexachlorocyclohexane | Mirex | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | monomethyl phthalate | nonachlor | o,p'-DDT | oxychlordane | PCB 180 Details Breast Neoplasms
10. Howsam M, et al. (2004). These results generate the hypothesis that exposure to mono-ortho polychlorinated biphenyls contributes to human colorectal cancer development. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Hexachlorocyclohexane | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Controls for disease:Colorectal Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Colorectal Neoplasms | Study subjects Spain serum 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | Hexachlorocyclohexane | PCB 180 Details Colorectal Neoplasms
11. Cicalese L, et al. (2017). In our study, we showed that selected relevant air pollutants produce a significant clustering of the Texan counties with respect to their concentration and discussed about the incidence rate distributions of liver cancer over the identified clusters. 2,2,4-trimethylpentane | Benzene | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | Hexanes | Hydrochloric Acid | Methanol | methyl tert-butyl ether | Toluene | Xylenes Study subjects United States Details Liver Neoplasms
12. Engel LS, et al. (2005). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) While pesticide use overall is not associated with an increased rate of breast cancer among the wives of farmers in the Agricultural Health Study cohort, use of certain pesticides may be related to increased risk. These include the herbicides 2,4,5-trichloro-phenoxypropionic acid and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, the insecticide dieldrin, and the fungicide captan. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Captan | Dieldrin | fenoprop Study subjects United States Details Breast Neoplasms
13. Koutros S, et al. (2011). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We evaluated pesticide-single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) interactions between 45 pesticides and 1913 xenobiotic metabolic enzyme SNPs with respect to prostrate cancer among 776 cases and 1444 controls in the Agricultural Health Study. genetics 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Carbaryl | Diazinon | Dieldrin | Fonofos | Hexachlorocyclohexane | methyl bromide | Petroleum | Phorate | terbufos Subjects with gene influence:GCLC | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Prostatic Neoplasms
14. Godduhn A, et al. (2013). Northway Health Study (NHS) The NHS found complex patterns of association between reported resource uses and cancer and thyroid-, reproductive-, metabolic-, and cardiac problems. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Chlorine | Pesticides | Petroleum | Vehicle Emissions Study subjects United States Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Neoplasms | Thyroid Diseases | Urologic Diseases
15. Carreón T, et al. (2005). Upper Midwest Health Study (UMHS) Results show that exposure to pesticides was not associated with an increased risk of intracranial gliomas in women. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2-chloro-N-(ethoxymethyl)-N-(2-methyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)acetamide | alachlor | Aniline Compounds | Arsenicals | Atrazine | bentazone | Benzoic Acid | Carbamates | cyanazine | DDT | Diazinon | Dicamba | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | imazethapyr | Inorganic Chemicals | Malathion | metolachlor | Organophosphates | pendimethalin | Pesticides | Triazines | Trifluralin Controls for disease:Glioma | Subjects with disease:Glioma United States Details Glioma
16. Lee WJ, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) This explorative study suggests an association between the incidence of colorectal cancer and use of certain pesticides, in particularly chlorpyrifos and aldicarb, although some findings could be due to chance. age | body mass index | tobacco 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Aldicarb | Carbaryl | Chlorpyrifos | Fonofos | Toxaphene Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Colorectal Neoplasms | Rectal Neoplasms
17. Le NT, et al. (2016). Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS) | Nurses' Health Study (NHS) Results from these two large prospective cohort studies do not support the hypothesis that higher intake of heterocyclic amine intake per se substantially increases risk of colorectal cancer. However, we observed positive association between 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo pyridine from red meat, but not from white meat, and proximal colon cancers. 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b)pyridine Workers United States Details Colorectal Neoplasms
18. Parada H JR, et al. (2018). Long Island Breast Cancer Study Project (LIBCSP) Consistent with laboratory evidence, we observed inverse associations between urinary concentrations of several phthalate metabolites and breast cancer (BC) and subsequent survival; however, these results should be interpreted with caution given that biospecimen collection among women with BC occurred after diagnosis, which may be of particular concern for our case-control findings. 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | phthalic acid | Phthalic Acids Controls for disease:Breast Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Breast Neoplasms United States urine 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | phthalic acid | Phthalic Acids Details Breast Neoplasms
19. Mitro SD, et al. (2016). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Our analysis shows that exposure to non-ortho polychlorinated biphenyls and toxic equivalency was associated with increased leukocyte telomere length in our study population of U.S. adults, contributing population-level findings to the evidence that exposure to environmental contaminants may influence telomere regulation. race 3,4,5,3',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | Dioxins | Furans | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Controls for disease:Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Neoplasms | Study subjects United States serum Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details regulation of telomere maintenance
20. Huang CY, et al. (2012). Higher urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG, a marker of DNA damage) in an area without obvious arsenic exposure was a strong predictor of renal cell carcinoma; urinary 8-OHdG was significantly related to urinary total arsenic, and high levels of 8-OHdG combined with arsenic might be indicative of arsenic-induced renal cell carcinoma. 8-oxo-7-hydrodeoxyguanosine | Arsenic Controls for disease:Carcinoma, Renal Cell | Subjects with disease:Carcinoma, Renal Cell Taiwan, Province of China urine 8-oxo-7-hydrodeoxyguanosine | Arsenicals Details Carcinoma, Renal Cell
21. Lerro C, et al. (2014). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) The associations between acetochlor and colorectal and lung cancer are novel; however, due to lack of exposure-response trend, small number of exposed cases, and relatively short time between use and cancer development, these findings warrant caution in interpretation and further investigation. acetochlor Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Colorectal Neoplasms | Lung Neoplasms
22. Lerro CC, et al. (2015). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) The associations between acetochlor use and lung cancer, colorectal cancer, melanoma and pancreatic cancer are suggestive; however, the lack of exposure-response trends, small number of exposed cases, and relatively short time between acetochlor use and cancer development prohibit definitive conclusions. acetochlor Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Colorectal Neoplasms | Lung Neoplasms | Melanoma | Pancreatic Neoplasms
23. Wilson KM, et al. (2009). Nurses' Health Study II (NHSII) We found no association between acrylamide intake from the diet and risk of premenopausal breast cancer risk. Acrylamide Workers United States Acrylamide Details Breast Neoplasms
24. Lai H, et al. (2014). The findings of this study indicate that occupational aflatoxin B1 airway exposure might be associated with the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma among factory workers. Aflatoxin B1 Controls for disease:Carcinoma, Hepatocellular | Subjects with disease:Carcinoma, Hepatocellular | Workers China dust | serum aflatoxin-albumin adduct | Aflatoxin B1 Details Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
25. Liu Y, et al. (2010). Aflatoxin may play a causative role in 4.6-28.2% of all global hepatocellular carcinoma cases. Aflatoxins Study subjects Argentina|Australia|
Brazil|China|
Congo, the Democratic Republic of the|Egypt|
Ethiopia|Gambia|
India|Indonesia|
Iran, Islamic Republic of|Kenya|
Korea, Republic of|Malaysia|
Mexico|Mozambique|
Nigeria|Pakistan|
Philippines|South Africa|
Sudan|Tanzania, United Republic of|
Thailand|United States|
Zimbabwe
Aflatoxins Details Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
26. Chamie K, et al. (2008). Individuals who were exposed to Agent Orange had an increased incidence of prostate cancer, developed the disease at a younger age, and had a more aggressive variant than their unexposed counterparts. Agent Orange | Defoliants, Chemical Veterans United States Details Prostatic Neoplasms
27. Zafar MB, et al. (2001). Agent Orange may have a role in the causation of some types of cancer but we identified no significant relationship of prostate cancer with Agent Orange exposure in patients referred for prostate biopsy. Agent Orange | Defoliants, Chemical Veterans United States Details Prostatic Neoplasms
28. Ranzi A, et al. (2011). No increased risk of mortality and morbidity was found in the entire area among people living close to incinerators. The internal analysis of the cohort based on dispersion modeling found excesses of mortality for some cancer types in the highest exposure categories, especially in women. People in the highest heavy metal exposure categories tended to have a lower socioeconomic status than those in the lowest categories. The interpretation of the findings is limited given the pilot nature of the study sex | socioeconomic status Air Pollutants Study subjects Italy waste, industrial Cadmium | Dioxins | Mercury | Metals, Heavy | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Details Breast Neoplasms | Colorectal Neoplasms | Death | Liver Neoplasms | Neoplasms | Stomach Neoplasms
29. Xue X, et al. (2013). The hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism might be associated with the risk of lung adenocarcinoma in Chinese non-smoking females. Furthermore, there is a significant gene-environment association between cooking oil fumes and hOGG1 326 Cys/Cys genotype in lung adenocarcinoma among female non-smokers. genetics Air Pollutants Subjects with gene influence:OGG1 China Details Adenocarcinoma of Lung
30. Lavigne É, et al. (2017). In this population-based study, results suggest an association between exposure to ambient air pollution during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester and an increased risk of astrocytoma and acute lymphoblastic leukemia in early childhood cancer. Air Pollutants Children | Pregnant females Canada air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Details Astrocytoma | Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
31. López-Abente G, et al. (2012). Statistically significant relative risks for colorectal cancer mortality at a municipal level were detected in the vicinity of mining industry, paper and wood production, food and beverage sector, metal production and processing installations, and ceramics. Air Pollutants Study subjects Spain air, outdoor 1,1,1-trichloroethane | Ammonia | anthracene | Antimony | Arsenicals | Arsenic | Benzene | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | Cadmium | Cadmium Compounds | Carbon Dioxide | Carbon Monoxide | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chlorine | Chlorine Compounds | Chlorofluorocarbons | Chloroform | Chromium | Chromium Compounds | Cobalt | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Dioxins | ethylene dichloride | Ethylene Oxide | Fluorine | Fluorine Compounds | Hexachlorobenzene | Hydrogen Cyanide | Lead | Manganese | Manganese Compounds | Mercury | Mercury Compounds | Methane | Methylene Chloride | naphthalene | Nickel | Nitrogen Oxides | Nitrous Oxide | Particulate Matter | Pentachlorophenol | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | Sulfur Oxides | Tetrachloroethylene | Thallium | trichlorobenzene | Trichloroethylene | Vanadium | Vanadium Compounds | Vinyl Chloride | Zinc | Zinc Compounds Details Colorectal Neoplasms | Death
32. Sax SN, et al. (2006). Toxics Exposure Assessment Columbia-Harvard (TEACH) In this study of inner-city teenagers living in New York City and Los Angeles, most volatile organic compounds had median upper-bound lifetime cancer risks that exceeded the US EPA benchmark and were generally greater than modeled estimates, more so for compounds with predominant indoor sources; chromium, nickel, and arsenic had median personal cancer risks above the benchmark with exposures largely from outdoors and other microenvironments; the U.S. EPA-modeled concentrations tended to overestimate personal cancer risks for beryllium and chromium but underestimate risks for nickel and arsenic. Air Pollutants | Arsenic | Chromium | Elements | Nickel | Volatile Organic Compounds Children United States air, indoor | air, outdoor | air, personal 1,3-butadiene | 4-dichlorobenzene | Acetaldehyde | Arsenic | Benzene | Beryllium | Cadmium | Carbon Tetrachloride | Chloroform | Chromium | ethylbenzene | Formaldehyde | Lead | Methylene Chloride | methyl tert-butyl ether | Nickel | Styrene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene Details Neoplasms
33. Beelen R, et al. (2008). Netherlands Cohort Study on Diet and Cancer (NLCS) We found evidence for an association of exposure to black smoke and traffic with lung cancer incidence in people who had never smoked. diet | tobacco Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Smoke | Sulfur Dioxide Study subjects Netherlands air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter | Smoke | Sulfur Dioxide Details Lung Neoplasms
34. Pope CA 3RD, et al. (2011). American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study II (ACS CPS-II) The exposure-response relationship associated with PM2.5 is qualitatively different for lung cancer versus cardiovascular mortality. At low exposure levels, cardiovascular deaths are projected to account for most of the burden of disease, whereas at high levels of PM2.5, lung cancer becomes proportionately more important. tobacco Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Study subjects United States cigarette Particulate Matter Details Cardiovascular Diseases | Death | Lung Neoplasms
35. Thompson JA, et al. (2008). The current study identified geographic factors supporting more focused studies of germ cell tumors and 'other' gliomas in areas of intense cropping, hepatic cancer near Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAP) release facilities and specific locations with increased risks for CNS embryonal tumors and for 'other' leukemias. Air Pollutants | Pesticides Children United States Details Glioma | Liver Neoplasms | Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
36. Higuchi K, et al. (2012). This study showed that Mt. Sakurajima's volcanic activities increased the mortality of lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases in the Sakurajima-Tarumizu area, which has the largest amount of ashfall from the volcano in its vicinity. Air Pollutants | Silicon Dioxide Study subjects Japan Air Pollutants | Silicon Dioxide Details Death | Lung Neoplasms | Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive | Respiration Disorders
37. Raaschou-Nielsen O, et al. (2011). Diet, Cancer and Health Study This hypothesis-generating study indicates that traffic-related air pollution might increase the risks for cervical and brain cancer, which should be tested in future studies. Air Pollutants | Vehicle Emissions Study subjects Denmark air Nitrogen Oxides Details Brain Neoplasms | Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
38. Richardson DB, et al. (2009). Life Span Study These analyses provide evidence of a positive association between ionizing radiation dose and malignant lymphoma mortality among male Japanese atomic bomb survivors and Savannah River Site workers. Air Pollutants, Radioactive | Radioactive Fallout Study subjects | Workers Japan|United States Details Lymphoma
39. Lee WJ, et al. (2004). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Our findings suggest a possible association between alachlor application and incidence of lymphohematopoietic cancers among applicators in the Agricultural Health Study. alachlor Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Hematologic Neoplasms | Leukemia | Multiple Myeloma
40. Andreotti G, et al. (2010). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Using data from the Agricultural Health Study, we examined the association between body mass index (BMI) and the risk of cancer at 17 sites and the interaction between BMI and pesticide use. body mass index | tobacco alachlor | Atrazine | Carbaryl | Carbofuran | chlorimuron ethyl | Chlorpyrifos | cyanazine | DDT | Diazinon | EPTC | Fonofos | glyphosate | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | imazethapyr | Malathion | methyl bromide | metolachlor | metribuzin | Organophosphates | pendimethalin | Permethrin | terbufos | Trifluralin Study subjects | Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Breast Neoplasms | Colonic Neoplasms | Lung Neoplasms
41. Christensen CH, et al. (2016). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) In this case-control study nested within the Agricultural Health Study cohort, we evaluated evidence of statistical interaction between pesticide exposure and single nucleotide polymorphisms in genes involved in steroid hormone signaling, metabolism, or regulation with the risk of prostate cancer. genetics alachlor | butylate | Carbaryl | Dicamba | Fonofos | Malathion | terbufos Subjects with gene influence:ESR1 | Subjects with gene influence:HSD17B4 | Subjects with gene influence:SHBG | Subjects with gene influence:SRD5A1 | Subjects with gene influence:SULT2A1 | Workers United States Details Prostatic Neoplasms
42. Purdue MP, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) Our analysis of data from the Agricultural Health Study cohort suggests that, overall, use of organochlorine insecticides was not related to cancer risk. We did, however, observe associations among specific chemicals, some of which (lindane and NHL, chlordane/heptachlor and leukemia) are supported by previously published studies and warrant further investigation. Aldrin | Chlordan | DDT | Dieldrin | Heptachlor | Hexachlorocyclohexane | Toxaphene Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Colonic Neoplasms | Leukemia | Lung Neoplasms | Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin | Melanoma | Neoplasms | Rectal Neoplasms
43. Koutros S, et al. (2013). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) In this analysis, we observed significant increases in the risk of aggressive prostate cancer associated with 4 insecticides: fonofos (organophosphate), malathion (organophosphate), terbufos (organophosphate), and aldrin (organochlorine). Aldrin | Fonofos | Malathion | terbufos Workers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Prostatic Neoplasms
44. Koutros S, et al. (2013). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) We observed four quantitative interactions between genome-wide association studies loci and select pesticide use and risk of prostate cancer. genetics Aldrin | Malathion Subjects with gene influence:EHBP1 | Subjects with gene influence:TET2 | Workers United States Details Prostatic Neoplasms
45. Jelaković B, et al. (2012). In summary, we provide molecular epidemiologic evidence that supports strongly the hypothesis that, in genetically susceptible individuals, dietary exposure to aristolochic acid is causally related to endemic (Balkan) nephropathy and to the carcinomas of the upper urinary tract associated with this disease. diet aristolochic acid I Subjects with disease:Balkan Nephropathy | Subjects with disease:Urologic Neoplasms Bosnia and Herzegovina|Croatia|
Serbia
TP53 Details Balkan Nephropathy | Urologic Neoplasms
46. Heck JE, et al. (2009). This study supports the possibility of an increased risk of specific lung cancer histologic types (small-cell and squamous-cell carcinoma) at lower levels of arsenic exposure, as measured from toenail. Arsenic Controls for disease:Lung Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Lung Neoplasms | Study subjects United States nail Arsenic Details Carcinoma, Squamous Cell | Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
47. Putila JJ, et al. (2011). Arsenic was significantly associated with lung cancer incidence rates in the U.S. after controlling for smoking and income, indicating that low-level exposure to arsenic is responsible for excess cancer cases in many parts of the U.S.; elevated county smoking prevalence strengthened the association between arsenic exposure and lung cancer incidence rate, an effect previously unseen on a population level tobacco Arsenic Study subjects United States sediment | soil Arsenic Details Lung Neoplasms
48. Wang YH, et al. (2013). Ever smokers with high arsenic exposure had significantly increased risks for bladder cancer and upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma, and our findings suggest that arsenic exposure, cigarette smoking, and risk genotypes of VEGFA contribute to a higher risk of upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma than of bladder cancer. genetics | tobacco Arsenic Subjects with disease:Urologic Neoplasms | Subjects with gene influence:VEGFA Taiwan, Province of China Details Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
49. Yuan Y, et al. (2007). We conclude that the major impact of arsenic in drinking water on circulatory disease involves acute myocardial infarction and that, in the initial years, it is the main cause of death from arsenic in drinking water, superseded in later years by excess mortality from lung and bladder cancer. Arsenic Study subjects Chile water Arsenic Details Lung Neoplasms | Myocardial Infarction | Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
50. Oberoi S, et al. (2014). We estimated that worldwide each year additional cases of bladder cancer (9,129-119,176), lung cancer (11,844-121,442), and skin cancer (10,729-110,015) are attributable to inorganic arsenic in food. diet Arsenic Study subjects Afghanistan|Albania|
Algeria|Angola|
Antigua and Barbuda|Argentina|
Armenia|Australia|
Austria|Azerbaijan|
Bahamas|Bangladesh|
Barbados|Belarus|
Belgium|Belize|
Benin|Bolivia, Plurinational State of|
Bosnia and Herzegovina|Botswana|
Brazil|Brunei Darussalam|
Bulgaria|Burkina Faso|
Burundi|Cambodia|
Cameroon|Canada|
Cape Verde|Central African Republic|
Chad|Chile|
China|Colombia|
Comoros|Congo, the Democratic Republic of the|
Costa Rica|Cote d'Ivoire|
Croatia|Cuba|
Cyprus|Czech Republic|
Denmark|Djibouti|
Dominica|Dominican Republic|
Ecuador|Egypt|
El Salvador|Eritrea|
Estonia|Ethiopia|
Fiji|Finland|
France|French Polynesia|
Gabon|Gambia|
Georgia|Germany|
Ghana|Greece|
Grenada|Guatemala|
Guinea|Guinea-Bissau|
Guyana|Haiti|
Honduras|Hungary|
Iceland|India|
Indonesia|Iran, Islamic Republic of|
Iraq|Ireland|
Israel|Italy|
Jamaica|Japan|
Jordan|Kazakhstan|
Kenya|Kiribati|
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of|Korea, Republic of|
Kuwait|Lao People's Democratic Republic|
Latvia|Lebanon|
Lesotho|Liberia|
Libya|Lithuania|
Luxembourg|Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of|
Madagascar|Malawi|
Malaysia|Maldives|
Mali|Malta|
Mauritania|Mauritius|
Mexico|Moldova, Republic of|
Mongolia|Montenegro|
Morocco|Mozambique|
Myanmar|Namibia|
Nepal|Netherlands|
New Caledonia|New Zealand|
Nicaragua|Niger|
Nigeria|Norway|
Pakistan|Panama|
Papua New Guinea|Paraguay|
Peru|Philippines|
Poland|Portugal|
Romania|Russian Federation|
Rwanda|Saint Kitts and Nevis|
Saint Lucia|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines|
Sao Tome and Principe|Saudi Arabia|
Senegal|Serbia|
Seychelles|Sierra Leone|
Slovakia|Slovenia|
Solomon Islands|Somalia|
South Africa|Spain|
Sri Lanka|Sudan|
Suriname|Swaziland|
Sweden|Switzerland|
Syrian Arab Republic|Tajikistan|
Tanzania, United Republic of|Thailand|
Togo|Trinidad and Tobago|
Tunisia|Turkey|
Turkmenistan|Uganda|
Ukraine|United Arab Emirates|
United Kingdom|United States|
Uruguay|Uzbekistan|
Vanuatu|Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of|
Vietnam|Yemen|
Zambia|Zimbabwe
food | rice Arsenicals | Arsenic Details Lung Neoplasms | Skin Neoplasms | Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
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