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Disease Nutrition Disorders

These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.

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1–39 of 39 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Jung KH, et al. (2014). Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) Obese young children may be more likely to develop asthma in association with greater exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and methylphenanthrenes in particular, than non-obese children. body mass index | disease | sex 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | phenanthrene | pyrene Children | Controls for disease:Obesity | Subjects with disease:Obesity United States air 1-methylphenanthrene | 2-methylphenanthrene | phenanthrene | pyrene Details Asthma
2. Agay-Shay K, et al. (2015). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project Prenatal exposure to organochlorines was positively associated with overweight at age 7 years in our study population. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Phthalic Acids Children | Pregnant females Spain blood, cord | serum | urine 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Phthalic Acids Details Body Weight | Obesity | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
3. Hansen AB, et al. (2016). Danish Nurse Cohort We examined the association between long-term exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5) and diabetes incidence; non-smokers, obese subjects, and cardiovascular disease patients may be most susceptible to development of diabetes related to air pollution. disease | tobacco Air Pollutants Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Subjects with disease:Myocardial Infarction | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Study subjects Denmark air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Nitrogen Oxides | Particulate Matter Details Diabetes Mellitus
4. Baja ES, et al. (2010). Normative Aging Study (NAS) Traffic-related pollutants may increase heart-rate-corrected QT interval among persons with diabetes, persons who are obese, and nonsmoking elderly individuals; and the number of genetic variants related to oxidative stress increases this effect. disease | genetics | tobacco Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Vehicle Emissions Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus | Subjects with gene influence:GSTP1 | Subjects with gene influence:HFE | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Study subjects United States air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfur Dioxide Details regulation of heart rate by cardiac conduction
5. Shao W, et al. (2017). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) The present study demonstrated that barium might increase the occurrence of obesity, but cadmium, cobalt, and lead caused weight loss among children. The results imply that trace heavy metals may represent critical risk factors for the development of obesity, especially in the area that the state of metal contamination is serious. Antimony | Barium | Cadmium | Cesium | Cobalt | Lead | Molybdenum | Thallium | Tungsten Children | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Subjects with disease:Overweight United States urine Antimony | Barium | Cadmium | Cesium | Cobalt | Lead | Molybdenum | Thallium | Tungsten Details Obesity
6. Milton AH, et al. (2010). The findings of this study add to the evidence that chronic arsenic exposure is likely to contribute to poor nutritional status among women of 20-45 years. Arsenic Study subjects Bangladesh water Arsenic Details Malnutrition
7. Rotter I, et al. (2015). The primary aim of the study was to assess the relationship of blood heavy metal and bioelement concentrations and Metabolic Syndrome, in men aged 50-75 years. Arsenic | Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Selenium | Tungsten | Zinc Controls for disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Subjects with disease:Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Controls for disease:Hypertension | Subjects with disease:Hypertension | Controls for disease:Metabolic Syndrome | Subjects with disease:Metabolic Syndrome | Controls for disease:Obesity | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Controls for disease:Overweight | Subjects with disease:Overweight | Study subjects Poland blood | serum Arsenic | Cadmium | Calcium | Chromium | Copper | Iron | Lead | Magnesium | Manganese | Mercury | Molybdenum | Selenium | Tungsten | Zinc Details Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 | Hypertension | Metabolic Syndrome | Obesity | Overweight | cholesterol homeostasis | insulin metabolic process | regulation of blood pressure | triglyceride homeostasis
8. Padilla MA, et al. (2010). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) This study utilized the NHANES 1999-2002 data to explore the association between waist circumference and body mass index with the body burdens of selected toxic metals (barium, cadmium, cobalt, cesium, molybdenum, lead, antimony, thallium, and tungsten). Some of the associations were significant direct relationships (barium and thallium), and some of the associations were significant inverse relationships (cadmium, cobalt, cesium, and lead). body mass index Barium | Cadmium | Cesium | Cobalt | Lead | Thallium Study subjects United States Barium | Cadmium | Cesium | Cobalt | Lead | Thallium Details Obesity
9. Yang JH, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) The current study suggests that the background exposure to some organochlorine pesticides leads to vitamin D deficiency in humans. beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dieldrin | Hexachlorobenzene | nonachlor | oxychlordane Controls for disease:Chronic Disease | Subjects with disease:Chronic Disease | Study subjects United States serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Dieldrin | Hexachlorobenzene | nonachlor | oxychlordane Details Vitamin D Deficiency
10. Hoepner LA, et al. (2016). Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) Analyses of the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health longitudinal birth cohort found associations between prenatal urinary bisphenol A concentrations and fat mass index, % body fat and waist circumference. sex bisphenol A Children | Pregnant females United States urine bisphenol A Details Obesity | adipose tissue development
11. Carwile JL, et al. (2011). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) In this cross-sectional analysis of pooled 2003-2006 NHANES, urinary bisphenol A was associated with general and central obesity. age | race | sex | tobacco bisphenol A Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A Details Obesity, Abdominal | Obesity
12. Shankar A, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) In a contemporary general population sample of US adults, we found that higher urinary bisphenol A positively associated with obesity in the whole population as well as in subgroup analysis by gender and race/ethnicity. bisphenol A Controls for disease:Obesity | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A Details Obesity
13. Bhandari R, et al. (2013). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) In a representative sample of children, urinary bisphenol A was associated with obesity, predominantly in non-Hispanic white boys, independent of major risk factors. race | sex bisphenol A Children United States urine bisphenol A Details Obesity
14. Eng DS, et al. (2013). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Higher levels of urinary bisphenol A were associated with a higher odds of obesity and abnormal waist circumference-to-height ratio. bisphenol A Children United States urine bisphenol A Details Obesity
15. Valvi D, et al. (2013). This study provides some evidence for an association between prenatal bisphenol A (BPA) exposure and obesity-related outcomes in childhood, although not in infancy. The large uncertainties in BPA exposure assessment require that findings be interpreted with caution. age bisphenol A Children | Pregnant females Spain urine bisphenol A Details Obesity | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
16. Legler J, et al. (2015). Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas (CHAMACOS) | Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study | European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Study | Great Lakes Fish Consumption Study | INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project | Nurses' Health Study II (NHSII) | Nurses' Health Study (NHS) | Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) | US Collaborative Perinatal Project (CPP) The objective was to estimate obesity, diabetes, and associated costs that can be reasonably attributed to endocrine-disrupting chemical exposures in the European Union. bisphenol A | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Phthalic Acids Children | Study subjects Denmark|France|
Germany|Greece|
Italy|Netherlands|
Norway|Spain|
Sweden|United Kingdom|
United States
Details Diabetes Mellitus | Obesity
17. Choi WJ, et al. (2015). Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) In the present study, using a representative sample of the Korean population, we investigated the association between environmental cadmium exposure and osteoporosis in aged males, considering the obesity status. disease Cadmium Controls for disease:Obesity | Subjects with disease:Obesity Korea, Republic of blood Cadmium Details Osteoporosis
18. Gonzalez-Reimers E, et al. (2014). We conclude that hair zinc, cadmium, and lead seem to depend more heavily on dietary habits than on tobacco consumption or living in rural or urban areas. body mass index | diet Cadmium | Lead | Zinc Controls for disease:Obesity | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Controls for disease:Overweight | Subjects with disease:Overweight | Study subjects Spain hair Cadmium | Lead | Zinc Details
19. Tornhammar P, et al. (2014). Our objective was to assess the link between season of birth, neonatal 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, and adult cardiovascular disease; we report higher neonatal 25(OH)D3 associated with higher levels of cholesterol (in women), fasting insulin, and triglyceride, and with a higher risk of overweight at 35 years of age, but not with other adult cardiovascular disease risk factors. sex Calcifediol | Vitamin D Infants or newborns | Study subjects Sweden blood | serum Calcifediol | Cholesterol | Insulin | Triglycerides Details Obesity | Weight Gain | cholesterol homeostasis | regulation of insulin secretion | triglyceride homeostasis
20. Lee DH, et al. (2011). Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study Simultaneous exposure to various persistent organic pollutants in the general population may contribute to development of obesity, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance, common precursors of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene Study subjects United States plasma DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene Details Dyslipidemias | Insulin Resistance | Obesity
21. Chang JW, et al. (2016). We find that serum dioxin/furan toxic equivalents and abdominal obesity affect the association with insulin resistance in the study population. Dioxins Subjects with disease:Obesity, Abdominal Taiwan, Province of China serum 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-heptachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 1,2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin | 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzofuran | Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin Details Insulin Resistance
22. Erkin-Cakmak A, et al. (2015). Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas (CHAMACOS) In this study, we examined whether pre- and post-natal exposure to the components of penta-BDE mixture was associated with childhood obesity in a population of Latino children participating in a longitudinal birth cohort study in the Salinas Valley, California. sex Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers Children | Pregnant females United States serum Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 Details Obesity
23. Mora AM, et al. (2016). Project Viva In this cohort, prenatal exposure to PFASs was associated with small increases in adiposity measurements in mid-childhood, but only among girls. sex hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid Children | Pregnant females United States plasma hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid Details Obesity | adipose tissue development
24. Eom SY, et al. (2014). The blood mercury level in Korean adults is higher than that in US and other western countries (but is similar to other Asian countries), and the level is influenced by sociodemographic factors, lifestyles, and diet; furthermore, blood mercury is associated with metabolic syndrome and their components (obesity and increased fasting glucose). age | alcohol drinking | diet | sex | tobacco Mercury Study subjects Korea, Republic of blood Mercury Details Body Weight | Hypertension | Hypertriglyceridemia | Metabolic Syndrome | Obesity | cholesterol homeostasis | glucose homeostasis | regulation of blood pressure
25. Park JS, et al. (2017). Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases Etiology Research Center Cohort The present study investigated the relationship between the blood mercury concentration and obesity in Korean adults and found that the blood mercury level was significantly associated with visceral adiposity after adjustment for confounding parameters. alcohol drinking | body mass index | diet | sex | tobacco Mercury Study subjects Korea, Republic of serum Mercury Details Obesity | adipose tissue development
26. Stahlhut RW, et al. (2007). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) In this national cross-section of U.S. men, concentrations of several prevalent phthalate metabolites showed statistically significant correlations with abdominal obesity and insulin resistance. mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate Study subjects United States mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate Details Insulin Resistance | Obesity
27. Jerrett M, et al. (2014). This paper provides evidence that traffic-related air pollution is associated with the development of obesity in children. Nitrogen Oxides | Vehicle Emissions Children United States air Nitrogen Oxides Details Obesity
28. Mao G, et al. (2016). Boston Birth Cohort (BBC) In this study, we observed that early-life fine particulate matter (aerodynamic diameter <2.5 micrometers) exposures may play an important role in the early-life origins of childhood overweight or obesity (COWO) and may increase risk of COWO in children of mothers who were overweight or obese before pregnancy beyond the risk due to mother's pre-pregnancy body mass index alone. disease Particulate Matter Infants or newborns | Pregnant females | Study subjects United States Particulate Matter Details Obesity | Overweight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
29. Motta V, et al. (2016). Our data provide evidence that miRNAs are a molecular mechanism underlying the blood pressure-related effects of air pollution exposure, and indicate miR-101 as epigenetic mechanism to be further investigated. Particulate Matter Subjects with disease:Obesity Italy air, ambient | blood MIR101-1 | MIR140 | MIR145 | MIR197 | MIR26A1 | MIR30B | MIR331 | MIR345 | MIR425 | Particulate Matter Details regulation of blood pressure
30. Madrigano J, et al. (2010). Normative Aging Study (NAS) We examined the effect of PM exposure in a large cohort and found an association between BC and increases in sVCAM-1, which was greater in magnitude than that associated with a 1 year increase in age. disease Particulate Matter | Soot Subjects with gene influence:GSTM1 | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Study subjects United States Soot | VCAM1 Details gene expression
31. Min JY, et al. (2012). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) We found that increases in serum perfluorooctanoic acid concentration were associated with a significantly increased risk of high homocysteine levels and hypertension in US adults. alcohol drinking | race | sex | socioeconomic status | tobacco perfluorooctanoic acid Study subjects United States serum perfluorooctanoic acid Details Hyperhomocysteinemia | Hypertension
32. Lind PM, et al. (2012). Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) The present evaluation shows that especially the phthalate metabolite mono-isobutyl phthalate was related to increased fat amount in the subcutaneous abdominal region in women measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and magnetic resonance imaging two years later. sex Phthalic Acids Study subjects Sweden diethyl phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | monomethyl phthalate Details Obesity | lipid biosynthetic process
33. Warner M, et al. (2013). Seveso Women's Health Study (SWHS) We found an increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome associated with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, but only among women who were the youngest at the time of the explosion. age Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin Study subjects Italy Details Diabetes Mellitus | Metabolic Syndrome | Obesity
34. Cossellu G, et al. (2016). Susceptibility to Particle Health Effects, miRNAs and Exosomes (SPHERE) Our data suggest that zirconium is more bioactive than titanium and show that miRNAs are relevant molecular mechanisms sensitive to zirconium exposure. Titanium | Zirconium Subjects with disease:Obesity Italy blood | hair MIR142 | MIR152 | MIR193A | MIR323A | MIR335 | MIR494 | MIR99B | Titanium | Zirconium Details
35. Lee KW, et al. (2015). Saguenay Youth Study (SYS) The results of the present study suggest that prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking may interact with OPRM1 to enhance dietary intake of fat, and that the mechanisms of this gene-environment interaction might involve exposure-associated decreases of gene-body DNA methylation in OPRM1. Tobacco Smoke Pollution Children | Subjects with gene influence:OPRM1 Canada Details Obesity | DNA methylation | feeding behavior
36. Moore BF, et al. (2016). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Interaction results suggest that the prevalence of obesity among children with both high exposure to secondhand smoke and low levels of certain nutrients (dietary fiber, eicosapentaenoic acid, or docosahexaenoic acid) is greater than would be expected due to the effects of the individual exposures alone. age | diet | tobacco Tobacco Smoke Pollution Children United States serum | urine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butan-1-ol | Cotinine Details Pediatric Obesity
37. Cieslak K, et al. (2014). This study demonstrates a relationship of low vitamin D levels with increased cellular aging in females, and also demonstrates potential sex-specific profiles among schizophrenia cases with hypovitaminosis. sex Vitamin D Subjects with disease:Schizophrenia | Subjects with disease:Vitamin D Deficiency United States serum Vitamin D Details Anhedonia | Developmental Disabilities | Psychotic Disorders | Schizophrenia | Social Communication Disorder | aggressive behavior | cell aging | regulation of telomere maintenance via telomere lengthening | social behavior
38. Ganji V, et al. (2010). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) In this large population based study, likelihood of having depression in persons with vitamin D deficiency is significantly higher compared to those with vitamin D sufficiency. body mass index | race | sex | socioeconomic status Vitamin D Controls for disease:Depressive Disorder | Subjects with disease:Depressive Disorder | Controls for disease:Depressive Disorder, Major | Subjects with disease:Depressive Disorder, Major | Subjects with disease:Obesity | Subjects with disease:Overweight | Study subjects United States serum Vitamin D Details
39. Gracious BL, et al. (2012). Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are both highly prevalent in adolescents with severe mental illness and warrants further investigation as to whether vitamin D deficiency is a mediator of illness severity, result of illness severity, or both. Vitamin D Controls for disease:Vitamin D Deficiency | Subjects with disease:Vitamin D Deficiency United States serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D Details Mental Disorders
1–39 of 39 results.