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Disease Pregnancy Complications

These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.

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1–50 of 127 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Choi H, et al. (2008). Prenatal polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure is likely to contribute to the occurrence of small size for gestational age as well as preterm births among African Americans. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Pregnant females United States air 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details Fetal Growth Retardation | Premature Birth | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
2. Robledo CA, et al. (2015). Longitudinal Investigation of Fertility and the Environment Study (LIFE) Preconceptional maternal and paternal concentrations of several persistent organic pollutants were associated with statistically significant differences in birth size among offspring. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3,5,5',6-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,4'5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Fluorocarbons | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | Lindane | Mirex | N-ethyl perfluorooctane sulfonamido acetate | nonachlor | o,p'-DDT | oxychlordane | PBB 153 | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorooctanesulfonamide | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Infants or newborns | Mothers | Study subjects United States serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3,5,5',6-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,4'5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Fluorocarbons | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | Lindane | Mirex | N-ethyl perfluorooctane sulfonamido acetate | nonachlor | o,p'-DDT | oxychlordane | PBB 153 | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorooctanesulfonamide | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | developmental growth | head development
3. Lyall K, et al. (2017). Early Markers for Autism (EMA) | Project Baby's Breath (PBB) The overall pattern of our results suggests increases in risk of autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability without autism with prenatal exposure to higher levels of a number of organochlorine compounds, particularly polychlorinated biphenyl ethers. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | nonachlor | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children | Controls for disease:Intellectual Disability | Subjects with disease:Intellectual Disability | Pregnant females United States serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | nonachlor | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Autism Spectrum Disorder | Intellectual Disability | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
4. Agay-Shay K, et al. (2015). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project Prenatal exposure to organochlorines was positively associated with overweight at age 7 years in our study population. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Phthalic Acids Children | Pregnant females Spain blood, cord | serum | urine 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Phthalic Acids Details Body Weight | Obesity | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
5. Lopez-Espinosa MJ, et al. (2016). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project To our knowledge, this is the first study to report an association between prenatal exposure to some polychlorinated biphenyls and hexachlorobenzene and fetal growth: abdominal circumference during the first two trimesters of pregnancy, and biparietal diameter and femur length later in pregnancy. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Fetuses | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Spain blood, cord | serum 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 Details Fetal Growth Retardation
6. Miranda ML, et al. (2015). Children's Environmental Health Initiative Healthy Pregnancy, Healthy Baby Our data suggest a potential association between maternal polybrominated diphenyl ether levels and decreased infant head circumference (however, this association was attenuated after control for maternal risk factors); confirmatory studies are needed in larger sample sizes, and a mediating role of thyroid hormones was not apparent. 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | Polybrominated Biphenyls Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States serum 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,6-tribromophenol | 6-OH-BDE-47 | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Thyroxine | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 | Triiodothyronine | TSHB Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | head development
7. Tsukimori K, et al. (2008). High levels of polychlorinated biphenyls/polychlorinated dibenzofurans exposure had some adverse effects on pregnancy outcome in Yusho women. 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 3,4,5,3',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl Pregnant females | Study subjects Japan 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran | 3,4,5,3',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl Details Pregnancy Complications
8. Casas M, et al. (2015). Children's Health and the Environment in the Faroes | Flemish Environment and Health Survey (FLEHS I) | INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project | Norwegian Human Milk Study (HUMIS) | PELAGIE This study suggests that the association between low-level exposure to PCB153 and birth weight exists and follows an inverse linear exposure-response relationship with effects even at low levels, and that maternal smoking and ethnicity modify this association. race | tobacco 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene Fetuses | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Belgium|Faroe Islands|
France|Germany|
Greece|Greenland|
Norway|Poland|
Slovakia|Spain|
Ukraine
blood | milk, human | plasma, cord | serum | serum, cord 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
9. Lenters V, et al. (2016). In this study of mother-newborn pairs from Greenland, Poland, and Ukraine, prenatal exposure to a diethylhexyl phthalate metabolite (mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate), perfluorooctanoic acid, and dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene were independently associated with lower birth weight in term newborns. 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorododecanoic acid | perfluoroheptanoic acid | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | perfluoroundecanoic acid | phthalic acid Pregnant females Greenland|Poland|
Ukraine
serum 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono(carboxy-isooctyl)phthalate | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorododecanoic acid | perfluoroheptanoic acid | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | perfluoroundecanoic acid | phthalic acid Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
10. Verner MA, et al. (2015). Cord Blood Monitoring Program Overall, our study was suggestive of a small association between estimated early postnatal PCB-153 levels and behavior in Inuit preschoolers. 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Lead | Mercury Children | Infants or newborns Canada blood | blood, cord | plasma | plasma, cord 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Lead | Mercury Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
11. Saldana TM, et al. (2007). Agricultural Health Study (AHS) These findings suggest that activities involving exposure to agricultural pesticides during the first trimester of pregnancy may increase the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus. 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | Atrazine | butylate | Carbofuran | Diazinon | fenoprop | Pesticides | Phorate Mothers United States Details Agricultural Workers' Diseases | Diabetes, Gestational
12. Munger R, et al. (1997). We conclude that communities in southern Iowa with drinking water supplies contaminated with herbicides have elevated rates of intrauterine growth retardation compared to neighboring communities with different water supplies. 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2-xylene | 3-xylene | 4-xylene | alachlor | Atrazine | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | cyanazine | metolachlor | tetrachloroethane Pregnant females United States water, drinking 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid | 2-xylene | alachlor | Atrazine | bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | cyanazine | metolachlor | tetrachloroethane | Xylenes Details Fetal Growth Retardation
13. Ferguson KK, et al. (2016). In the present mediation analysis we statistically demonstrate within a causal framework that the relationship between phthalate exposure and spontaneous preterm birth is mediated in part by phthalate-induced oxidative stress, which has not been elucidated clearly in human or animal studies previously. 8-epi-prostaglandin F2alpha | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | monobutyl phthalate Pregnant females United States urine Details Premature Birth | detection of oxidative stress
14. Pedersen M, et al. (2012). Dietary exposure to acrylamide was associated with reduced birth weight and head circumference. Consumption of specific foods during pregnancy was associated with higher acrylamide exposure in utero diet Acrylamide | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Fetuses | Pregnant females Denmark|Greece|
Norway|Spain|
United Kingdom
blood, cord Acrylamide | Ethylene Oxide | glycidamide Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | head development
15. Laurent O, et al. (2016). In our statewide nested case-control study population, exposures to both primary and secondary pollutants were associated with an increase in preterm birth. Aerosols | Ammonium Compounds | Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chromium | Gasoline | Iron | Magnesium | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Strontium | Sulfates | Titanium | Zinc Pregnant females United States air Aerosols | Ammonium Compounds | Arsenic | Calcium | Carbon | Chromium | Gasoline | Iron | Magnesium | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Organic Chemicals | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Potassium | Strontium | Sulfates | Titanium | Zinc Details Premature Birth
16. Lin CC, et al. (2014). Taiwan Birth Cohort Pilot Study (TBCS-p) Low-level sulfur dioxide exposure prenatally and up to 12 months postnatal could cause adverse neurobehavioral effects at 18 months of age; furthermore, adverse gross motor below average scores at 6 months of age were associated with increased non-methane hydrocarbon exposure during the second and third trimesters. Air Pollutants Fetuses | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Taiwan, Province of China air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Hydrocarbons | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Neurobehavioral Manifestations | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | motor behavior
17. Leem JH, et al. (2006). The results of our study indicated a significant association between air pollution (even levels less than current air quality standards) and preterm delivery during the third trimester of pregnancy. Air Pollutants Pregnant females Korea, Republic of air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Nitrogen Dioxide | Sulfur Dioxide Details Premature Birth
18. Lavigne É, et al. (2017). In this population-based study, results suggest an association between exposure to ambient air pollution during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester and an increased risk of astrocytoma and acute lymphoblastic leukemia in early childhood cancer. Air Pollutants Children | Pregnant females Canada air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Details Astrocytoma | Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
19. Porter TR, et al. (2014). The present investigation suggests fugitive emissions from industrial point sources may increase the risk of adverse birth outcomes in surrounding neighborhoods. Air Pollutants | Arsenic | Benzene | Cadmium | Coke | ethylbenzene | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Steel | Toluene | Xylenes Pregnant females United States Details Premature Birth | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
20. Perera F, et al. (2008). The findings indicate that neurobehavioral development in Tongliang children benefited by elimination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) exposure from the coal-burning plant, consistent with the significant reduction in PAH-DNA adducts in cord blood of children in the 2005 cohort. Air Pollutants | Lead | Mercury | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Infants or newborns China blood, cord Lead | Mercury | polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons-DNA adduct | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | cognition | motor activity
21. Clemente DB, et al. (2016). ENVIRonmental influence ON early AGEing (ENVIRONAGE) | INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project Our results suggest that changes in mitochondrial DNA content can be one of the potential mediators of the association between prenatal air pollution exposure and birth weight. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Belgium|Spain air, ambient | placenta ND1 | Nitrogen Dioxide Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | mitochondrial DNA metabolic process
22. Olsson D, et al. (2012). The aim of this study was to assess the association between exposure to ozone and duration of gestational and preterm delivery as well as the association with vehicle exhaust, using nitrogen dioxide as indicator, during different windows of gestation in the Greater Stockholm area. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Pregnant females Sweden air Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone Details Premature Birth
23. Kloog I, et al. (2012). Exposure to particulate matter (PM 2.5) during the last month of pregnancy contributes to risks for lower birth weight and preterm birth in infants. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Infants or newborns | Pregnant females | Study subjects United States air, outdoor Particulate Matter Details Birth Weight | Premature Birth
24. Zhao N, et al. (2015). Our study supports the hypothesis that exposure to high levels of ambient particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter no larger than 10 microns increases the risk of preterm birth. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Pregnant females China air, ambient Particulate Matter Details Premature Birth
25. Saenen ND, et al. (2015). ENVIRonmental influence ON early AGEing (ENVIRONAGE) Placental expression of BDNF and SYN1 (two genes implicated in normal neurodevelopmental trajectories) decreased with increasing in utero exposure to particulate matter PM2.5. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Fetuses | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Belgium air, ambient | placenta BDNF | Particulate Matter | SYN1 Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
26. Pearce MS, et al. (2012). Particulate Matter and Perinatal Events Research (PAMPER) Association was observed between socio-economic deprivation and particulate matter on birth weight, with increasing effects of particulate matter in reducing birth weight seen with increasing socio-economic disadvantage. socioeconomic status Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Fetuses | Pregnant females United Kingdom air Particulate Matter Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation
27. Chiu YH, et al. (2016). Asthma Coalition on Community, Environment, and Social Stress (ACCESS) Increased particulate matter PM2.5 exposure in specific prenatal windows may be associated with poorer function across memory and attention domains with variable associations based on sex. sex Air Pollutants | Vehicle Emissions Children | Fetuses | Pregnant females United States air, ambient Particulate Matter Details Neurodevelopmental Disorders | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | learning or memory | memory
28. Hao H, et al. (2016). We investigated associations between 11 ambient air pollutants and the risk of preterm birth in Georgia (U.S.) from 2002-2006; several pollutants were associated with preterm birth, and associations tended to be higher for mothers with low educational attainment and African-American mothers. race | socioeconomic status Air Pollutants | Vehicle Emissions Pregnant females United States air, ambient Ammonium Compounds | Carbon | Carbon Monoxide | Nitrates | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Soot | Sulfates | Sulfur Dioxide Details Premature Birth
29. Green RS, et al. (2009). In this cohort, living within 50 m of a road with annual average daily traffic of 15,200 or more was significantly associated with spontaneous abortion among African Americans and nonsmokers. race | tobacco Air Pollutants | Vehicle Emissions Study subjects United States Details Abortion, Spontaneous
30. Scherb H, et al. (2013). We propose that the long term stable sex ratio increase in Cuba is essentially due to ionizing radiation. Air Pollutants, Radioactive | Radioactive Fallout Mothers Cuba|Russian Federation Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
31. Raqib R, et al. (2009). Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab (MINIMat) The findings suggest that in utero arsenic exposure impaired child thymic development and enhanced morbidity (probably via immunosuppression), and the effect seemed to be partially gender dependent; arsenic exposure also affected breast milk content of trophic factors and maternal morbidity. sex Arsenicals | Arsenic Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Bangladesh urine Arsenicals Details Diarrhea | Fever | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | Respiratory Tract Infections | interleukin-7 production | thymus development
32. Farzan SF, et al. (2013). New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study (NHBCS) Our results provide initial evidence that in utero arsenic exposure may be related to infant infection and severity and provide insight into the early life impacts of fetal arsenic exposure. Arsenicals | Arsenic Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States urine | water, drinking Arsenicals | Arsenic Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | Respiratory Tract Infections
33. Rahman A, et al. (2011). Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab (MINIMat) Our results show that the mothers' education, socioeconomic status, and body mass index were associated with urinary arsenic concentrations, and that arsenic exposure in pregnancy increases the risk of lower respiratory tract infection and diarrhea during infancy in Bangladesh. body mass index | socioeconomic status Arsenicals | Arsenic Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Bangladesh urine Arsenicals Details Diarrhea, Infantile | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | Respiratory Tract Infections
34. Rager JE, et al. (2017). Biomarkers of Exposure to ARsenic (BEAR) Our findings present a variety of benchmark dose measures to estimate doses at which prenatal inorganic arsenic exposure influences neonatal outcome-relevant transcriptomic, proteomic, and epigenomic profiles. Arsenic Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Mexico blood, cord | urine | water, drinking Arsenicals | KCNQ1 Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | mRNA transcription | regulation of DNA methylation | regulation of transcription, DNA-templated | regulation of translation
35. Guo X, et al. (2003). The present study indicated that there was a high odds ratio of subjective symptoms including cough, stomachache, palpitations, urination problems and spontaneous abortion amongst residents in the arsenic-affected village. Arsenic Controls for disease:Skin Diseases | Subjects with disease:Skin Diseases | Study subjects Mongolia water, well Arsenic Details Abortion, Spontaneous | Arrhythmias, Cardiac | Cough | Stomach Diseases | Urinary Bladder Diseases
36. Shapiro GD, et al. (2015). Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC) Study Our findings add to the growing body of evidence supporting the role of maternal arsenic exposure as a risk factor for gestational diabetes; however, no statistically significant associations were observed for phthalates, bisphenol A, or other metals. Arsenic | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Lead | Mercury | Phthalic Acids Subjects with disease:Diabetes, Gestational | Subjects with disease:Glucose Intolerance | Pregnant females Canada blood | urine Arsenic | bisphenol A | Cadmium | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate Details Diabetes, Gestational | Glucose Intolerance
37. Igra AM, et al. (2016). We found that serum boron concentrations were inversely associated with birth size (length and weight), and the impact of boron appeared stronger when restricted to the third trimester, when the serum boron concentrations were the highest. Arsenic | Boron | Cadmium | Cesium | Lead | Lithium | Selenium Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Argentina blood | serum | urine | water, drinking Arsenic | Boron | Cadmium | Cesium | Lead | Lithium | Selenium Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
38. Harari F, et al. (2015). Lithium exposure through drinking water was associated with impaired fetal size and this seemed to be initiated in early gestation. Arsenic | Boron | Cesium | Lithium Pregnant females Argentina blood | serum | urine | water Arsenic | Boron | Cesium | Lithium Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
39. Gilbert-Diamond D, et al. (2016). New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study (NHBCS) Low-level arsenic exposure may impact fetal growth, and the associations may be modified by maternal weight status and infant sex. body mass index | sex Arsenic | Cacodylic Acid | monomethylarsonic acid Pregnant females United States urine | water Arsenic | Cacodylic Acid | monomethylarsonic acid Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | head development
40. Peng S, et al. (2015). The present work implies that exposure to some of the selected metals (noticeably Arsenic) may contribute to maternal gestational diabetes mellitus risk during pregnancy. Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Lead | Mercury Infants or newborns | Mothers China meconium Arsenic | Cadmium | Chromium | Lead | Mercury Details Diabetes, Gestational
41. Gardner RM, et al. (2013). Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab (MINIMat) This study has provided evidence that environmental exposures to cadmium and arsenic during early life may contribute to poor growth. Arsenic | Cadmium | Lead Children | Pregnant females Bangladesh urine Arsenic | Cadmium | Lead Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
42. Claus Henn B, et al. (2016). Metals Assessment Targeting Community Health (MATCH) Study In a population with environmental exposure levels similar to the U.S. general population, maternal blood arsenic was negatively associated with fetal growth. Arsenic | Lead | Manganese Infants or newborns | Mothers United States blood | blood, cord Arsenic | Lead | Manganese Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
43. Bloom MS, et al. (2014). These results suggest no increased risk for spontaneous pregnancy loss in association with low to moderate level drinking water inorganic arsenic exposure. tobacco Arsenic | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Controls for disease:Abortion, Spontaneous | Subjects with disease:Abortion, Spontaneous | Pregnant females Romania water Arsenic Details Abortion, Spontaneous
44. Ruckart PZ, et al. (2014). Findings suggested associations between in utero exposures to trichloroethylene and small for gestational age, term low birth weight (TLBW) and reduced mean birth weight; benzene and TLBW; and tetrachloroethylene and preterm birth. Benzene | Tetrachloroethylene | Trichloroethylene Pregnant females United States Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | Premature Birth
45. Valvi D, et al. (2013). This study provides some evidence for an association between prenatal bisphenol A (BPA) exposure and obesity-related outcomes in childhood, although not in infancy. The large uncertainties in BPA exposure assessment require that findings be interpreted with caution. age bisphenol A Children | Pregnant females Spain urine bisphenol A Details Obesity | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
46. Perera F, et al. (2012). Our results suggest that prenatal exposure to bisphenol A may affect child behavior, and differently among boys and girls. sex bisphenol A Children | Fetuses | Pregnant females United States urine bisphenol A Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | behavior
47. Jukic AM, et al. (2016). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) | North Carolina Early Pregnancy Study (EPS) We investigated these chemicals (certain phthalates and bisphenol A) in relation to follicular- and luteal-phase lengths, time to pregnancy, and early pregnancy loss (within 6 weeks of the last menstrual period) among women attempting pregnancy. bisphenol A | butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisobutyl phthalate | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | phthalic acid Study subjects United States urine bisphenol A | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diisodecyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | di-n-octyl phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate Details Abortion, Spontaneous | luteinization | regulation of ovarian follicle development
48. Cantonwine DE, et al. (2016). Urinary concentrations of BPA and several phthalate metabolites were significantly associated with increased risk of preeclampsia. sex bisphenol A | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | phthalic acid Pregnant females United States urine bisphenol A | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | phthalic acid Details Pre-Eclampsia
49. Infante-Rivard C. (2004). These findings suggest that exposure to trihalomethanes at the highest levels can affect fetal growth but only in genetically susceptible newborns. genetics bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Trihalomethanes Subjects with gene influence:CYP2E1 | Controls for disease:Fetal Growth Retardation | Subjects with disease:Fetal Growth Retardation | Infants or newborns | Mothers | Subjects with gene influence:MTHFR Canada bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Trihalomethanes Details Fetal Growth Retardation | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
50. Cao WC, et al. (2016). We found that elevated maternal blood trihalomethane (THM) concentrations were associated with decreased birth weight, reduced birth length, and increased risk of small for gestational age, suggesting that elevated maternal THM exposure during late pregnancy may adversely affect fetal growth. bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Trihalomethanes Infants or newborns | Pregnant females China blood bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Trihalomethanes Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
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