These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.
|Reference||Associated Study Title||Author's Summary||Study Factors||Stressor||Receptors||Country||Medium||Exposure Marker||Measurements||Outcome|
|1.||Swaddiwudhipong W, et al. (2012).||Our study indicates that in persons with prolonged excessive cadmium exposure, toxic health effects may progress even after exposure reduction, and that renal damage from cadmium can be due to its direct nephrotoxic effect and also through the related disorders causing nephropathy.||Cadmium||Study subjects||Thailand||urine||B2M | Cadmium||Details||Diabetes Mellitus | Hypertension | Kidney Diseases | Urinary Calculi | negative regulation of glomerular filtration|
|2.||Fagerberg B, et al. (2015).||These results extend previous studies on cadmium exposure and clinical cardiovascular events by adding data on the association between cadmium and atherosclerotic plaques in the carotid artery, and the role of smoking remains unclear.||diet | tobacco||Cadmium||Study subjects||Sweden||blood||Cadmium||Details||Plaque, Atherosclerotic|
|3.||Swaddiwudhipong W, et al. (2015).||Persons living in (cadmium) contaminated areas had a significantly higher prevalence of renal dysfunction, bone mineral loss, hypertension and urinary stones than those living in non-contaminated areas. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in the prevalence of diabetes, hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia.||Cadmium||Study subjects||Thailand||urine||Cadmium||Details||Diabetes Mellitus | Hypercholesterolemia | Hypertension | Hypertriglyceridemia | Osteoporosis | Urinary Calculi | renal system process|