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Disease Prenatal Injuries

These are exposure studies associated with the disease and all of its children.

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1–50 of 76 results.
  Reference Associated Study Title Author's Summary Study Factors Stressor Receptors Country Medium Exposure Marker Measurements Outcome
1. Choi H, et al. (2008). Prenatal polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure is likely to contribute to the occurrence of small size for gestational age as well as preterm births among African Americans. 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Pregnant females United States air 1,12-benzoperylene | 1,2,5,6-dibenzanthracene | benz(a)anthracene | Benzo(a)pyrene | benzo(b)fluoranthene | benzo(k)fluoranthene | chrysene | indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Details Fetal Growth Retardation | Premature Birth | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
2. Robledo CA, et al. (2015). Longitudinal Investigation of Fertility and the Environment Study (LIFE) Preconceptional maternal and paternal concentrations of several persistent organic pollutants were associated with statistically significant differences in birth size among offspring. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3,5,5',6-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,4'5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Fluorocarbons | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | Lindane | Mirex | N-ethyl perfluorooctane sulfonamido acetate | nonachlor | o,p'-DDT | oxychlordane | PBB 153 | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorooctanesulfonamide | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Infants or newborns | Mothers | Study subjects United States serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',3,5,5',6-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,2',3',4'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,4,4'5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Fluorocarbons | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | hexadecafluoro-nonanoic acid | Lindane | Mirex | N-ethyl perfluorooctane sulfonamido acetate | nonachlor | o,p'-DDT | oxychlordane | PBB 153 | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorooctanesulfonamide | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | Polychlorinated Biphenyls | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | developmental growth | head development
3. Lyall K, et al. (2017). Early Markers for Autism (EMA) | Project Baby's Breath (PBB) The overall pattern of our results suggests increases in risk of autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability without autism with prenatal exposure to higher levels of a number of organochlorine compounds, particularly polychlorinated biphenyl ethers. 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | nonachlor | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Controls for disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Subjects with disease:Autism Spectrum Disorder | Children | Controls for disease:Intellectual Disability | Subjects with disease:Intellectual Disability | Pregnant females United States serum 2,2',3,3',4,4',5-heptachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | nonachlor | PCB 180 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Autism Spectrum Disorder | Intellectual Disability | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
4. Agay-Shay K, et al. (2015). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project Prenatal exposure to organochlorines was positively associated with overweight at age 7 years in our study population. 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Phthalic Acids Children | Pregnant females Spain blood, cord | serum | urine 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Arsenic | beta-hexachlorocyclohexane | bisphenol A | Cadmium | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Lead | Mercury | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate | mono-isobutyl phthalate | PCB 180 | pentabromodiphenyl ether | Phthalic Acids Details Body Weight | Obesity | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
5. Miranda ML, et al. (2015). Children's Environmental Health Initiative Healthy Pregnancy, Healthy Baby Our data suggest a potential association between maternal polybrominated diphenyl ether levels and decreased infant head circumference (however, this association was attenuated after control for maternal risk factors); confirmatory studies are needed in larger sample sizes, and a mediating role of thyroid hormones was not apparent. 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | Polybrominated Biphenyls Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States serum 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,4,6-tribromophenol | 6-OH-BDE-47 | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Thyroxine | tribromodiphenyl ether 28 | Triiodothyronine | TSHB Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | head development
6. Casas M, et al. (2015). Children's Health and the Environment in the Faroes | Flemish Environment and Health Survey (FLEHS I) | INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project | Norwegian Human Milk Study (HUMIS) | PELAGIE This study suggests that the association between low-level exposure to PCB153 and birth weight exists and follows an inverse linear exposure-response relationship with effects even at low levels, and that maternal smoking and ethnicity modify this association. race | tobacco 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene Fetuses | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Belgium|Faroe Islands|
France|Germany|
Greece|Greenland|
Norway|Poland|
Slovakia|Spain|
Ukraine
blood | milk, human | plasma, cord | serum | serum, cord 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
7. Lenters V, et al. (2016). In this study of mother-newborn pairs from Greenland, Poland, and Ukraine, prenatal exposure to a diethylhexyl phthalate metabolite (mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate), perfluorooctanoic acid, and dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene were independently associated with lower birth weight in term newborns. 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorododecanoic acid | perfluoroheptanoic acid | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | perfluoroundecanoic acid | phthalic acid Pregnant females Greenland|Poland|
Ukraine
serum 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated | mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono(carboxy-isooctyl)phthalate | perfluorodecanoic acid | perfluorododecanoic acid | perfluoroheptanoic acid | perfluorohexanesulfonic acid | perfluorononanoic acid | perfluorooctane sulfonic acid | perfluorooctanoic acid | perfluoroundecanoic acid | phthalic acid Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
8. Verner MA, et al. (2015). Cord Blood Monitoring Program Overall, our study was suggestive of a small association between estimated early postnatal PCB-153 levels and behavior in Inuit preschoolers. 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Lead | Mercury Children | Infants or newborns Canada blood | blood, cord | plasma | plasma, cord 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Lead | Mercury Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
9. Pedersen M, et al. (2012). Dietary exposure to acrylamide was associated with reduced birth weight and head circumference. Consumption of specific foods during pregnancy was associated with higher acrylamide exposure in utero diet Acrylamide | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Fetuses | Pregnant females Denmark|Greece|
Norway|Spain|
United Kingdom
blood, cord Acrylamide | Ethylene Oxide | glycidamide Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | head development
10. Lin CC, et al. (2014). Taiwan Birth Cohort Pilot Study (TBCS-p) Low-level sulfur dioxide exposure prenatally and up to 12 months postnatal could cause adverse neurobehavioral effects at 18 months of age; furthermore, adverse gross motor below average scores at 6 months of age were associated with increased non-methane hydrocarbon exposure during the second and third trimesters. Air Pollutants Fetuses | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Taiwan, Province of China air, ambient Carbon Monoxide | Hydrocarbons | Nitrogen Dioxide | Ozone | Particulate Matter | Sulfur Dioxide Details Neurobehavioral Manifestations | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | motor behavior
11. Lavigne É, et al. (2017). In this population-based study, results suggest an association between exposure to ambient air pollution during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester and an increased risk of astrocytoma and acute lymphoblastic leukemia in early childhood cancer. Air Pollutants Children | Pregnant females Canada air, ambient Nitrogen Dioxide | Particulate Matter Details Astrocytoma | Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
12. Porter TR, et al. (2014). The present investigation suggests fugitive emissions from industrial point sources may increase the risk of adverse birth outcomes in surrounding neighborhoods. Air Pollutants | Arsenic | Benzene | Cadmium | Coke | ethylbenzene | Lead | Manganese | Mercury | Steel | Toluene | Xylenes Pregnant females United States Details Premature Birth | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
13. Perera F, et al. (2008). The findings indicate that neurobehavioral development in Tongliang children benefited by elimination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) exposure from the coal-burning plant, consistent with the significant reduction in PAH-DNA adducts in cord blood of children in the 2005 cohort. Air Pollutants | Lead | Mercury | Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Infants or newborns China blood, cord Lead | Mercury | polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons-DNA adduct | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | cognition | motor activity
14. Clemente DB, et al. (2016). ENVIRonmental influence ON early AGEing (ENVIRONAGE) | INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project Our results suggest that changes in mitochondrial DNA content can be one of the potential mediators of the association between prenatal air pollution exposure and birth weight. Air Pollutants | Nitrogen Dioxide Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Belgium|Spain air, ambient | placenta ND1 | Nitrogen Dioxide Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | mitochondrial DNA metabolic process
15. Saenen ND, et al. (2015). ENVIRonmental influence ON early AGEing (ENVIRONAGE) Placental expression of BDNF and SYN1 (two genes implicated in normal neurodevelopmental trajectories) decreased with increasing in utero exposure to particulate matter PM2.5. Air Pollutants | Particulate Matter Fetuses | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Belgium air, ambient | placenta BDNF | Particulate Matter | SYN1 Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
16. Yorifuji T, et al. (2013). The present study demonstrated that air pollution is an independent risk factor for adverse birth outcomes, and lower socio-economic position at both individual and area-levels was associated with the increased occurrence of adverse birth outcomes. disease | socioeconomic status | tobacco Air Pollutants | Vehicle Emissions Pregnant females Japan Details Birth Weight | Premature Birth | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
17. Chiu YH, et al. (2016). Asthma Coalition on Community, Environment, and Social Stress (ACCESS) Increased particulate matter PM2.5 exposure in specific prenatal windows may be associated with poorer function across memory and attention domains with variable associations based on sex. sex Air Pollutants | Vehicle Emissions Children | Fetuses | Pregnant females United States air, ambient Particulate Matter Details Neurodevelopmental Disorders | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | learning or memory | memory
18. Scherb H, et al. (2013). We propose that the long term stable sex ratio increase in Cuba is essentially due to ionizing radiation. Air Pollutants, Radioactive | Radioactive Fallout Mothers Cuba|Russian Federation Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
19. Raqib R, et al. (2009). Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab (MINIMat) The findings suggest that in utero arsenic exposure impaired child thymic development and enhanced morbidity (probably via immunosuppression), and the effect seemed to be partially gender dependent; arsenic exposure also affected breast milk content of trophic factors and maternal morbidity. sex Arsenicals | Arsenic Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Bangladesh urine Arsenicals Details Diarrhea | Fever | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | Respiratory Tract Infections | interleukin-7 production | thymus development
20. Farzan SF, et al. (2013). New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study (NHBCS) Our results provide initial evidence that in utero arsenic exposure may be related to infant infection and severity and provide insight into the early life impacts of fetal arsenic exposure. Arsenicals | Arsenic Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States urine | water, drinking Arsenicals | Arsenic Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | Respiratory Tract Infections
21. Rahman A, et al. (2011). Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab (MINIMat) Our results show that the mothers' education, socioeconomic status, and body mass index were associated with urinary arsenic concentrations, and that arsenic exposure in pregnancy increases the risk of lower respiratory tract infection and diarrhea during infancy in Bangladesh. body mass index | socioeconomic status Arsenicals | Arsenic Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Bangladesh urine Arsenicals Details Diarrhea, Infantile | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | Respiratory Tract Infections
22. Rager JE, et al. (2017). Biomarkers of Exposure to ARsenic (BEAR) Our findings present a variety of benchmark dose measures to estimate doses at which prenatal inorganic arsenic exposure influences neonatal outcome-relevant transcriptomic, proteomic, and epigenomic profiles. Arsenic Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Mexico blood, cord | urine | water, drinking Arsenicals | KCNQ1 Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | mRNA transcription | regulation of DNA methylation | regulation of transcription, DNA-templated | regulation of translation
23. Igra AM, et al. (2016). We found that serum boron concentrations were inversely associated with birth size (length and weight), and the impact of boron appeared stronger when restricted to the third trimester, when the serum boron concentrations were the highest. Arsenic | Boron | Cadmium | Cesium | Lead | Lithium | Selenium Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Argentina blood | serum | urine | water, drinking Arsenic | Boron | Cadmium | Cesium | Lead | Lithium | Selenium Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
24. Harari F, et al. (2015). Lithium exposure through drinking water was associated with impaired fetal size and this seemed to be initiated in early gestation. Arsenic | Boron | Cesium | Lithium Pregnant females Argentina blood | serum | urine | water Arsenic | Boron | Cesium | Lithium Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
25. Gilbert-Diamond D, et al. (2016). New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study (NHBCS) Low-level arsenic exposure may impact fetal growth, and the associations may be modified by maternal weight status and infant sex. body mass index | sex Arsenic | Cacodylic Acid | monomethylarsonic acid Pregnant females United States urine | water Arsenic | Cacodylic Acid | monomethylarsonic acid Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | head development
26. Gardner RM, et al. (2013). Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab (MINIMat) This study has provided evidence that environmental exposures to cadmium and arsenic during early life may contribute to poor growth. Arsenic | Cadmium | Lead Children | Pregnant females Bangladesh urine Arsenic | Cadmium | Lead Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
27. Claus Henn B, et al. (2016). Metals Assessment Targeting Community Health (MATCH) Study In a population with environmental exposure levels similar to the U.S. general population, maternal blood arsenic was negatively associated with fetal growth. Arsenic | Lead | Manganese Infants or newborns | Mothers United States blood | blood, cord Arsenic | Lead | Manganese Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
28. Valvi D, et al. (2013). This study provides some evidence for an association between prenatal bisphenol A (BPA) exposure and obesity-related outcomes in childhood, although not in infancy. The large uncertainties in BPA exposure assessment require that findings be interpreted with caution. age bisphenol A Children | Pregnant females Spain urine bisphenol A Details Obesity | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
29. Perera F, et al. (2012). Our results suggest that prenatal exposure to bisphenol A may affect child behavior, and differently among boys and girls. sex bisphenol A Children | Fetuses | Pregnant females United States urine bisphenol A Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | behavior
30. Chou WC, et al. (2011). Elevated prenatal bisphenol A exposure increased the risk of lower birth weight, smaller size for gestational age, and adverse actions of adipokines in neonates, especially in male infants. sex bisphenol A Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Taiwan, Province of China blood, cord | plasma | serum | serum, cord bisphenol A Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | metabolic process
31. Cao WC, et al. (2016). We found that elevated maternal blood trihalomethane (THM) concentrations were associated with decreased birth weight, reduced birth length, and increased risk of small for gestational age, suggesting that elevated maternal THM exposure during late pregnancy may adversely affect fetal growth. bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Trihalomethanes Infants or newborns | Pregnant females China blood bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Trihalomethanes Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
32. Infante-Rivard C. (2004). These findings suggest that exposure to trihalomethanes at the highest levels can affect fetal growth but only in genetically susceptible newborns. genetics bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Trihalomethanes Subjects with gene influence:CYP2E1 | Controls for disease:Fetal Growth Retardation | Subjects with disease:Fetal Growth Retardation | Infants or newborns | Mothers | Subjects with gene influence:MTHFR Canada bromodichloromethane | bromoform | chlorodibromomethane | Chloroform | Trihalomethanes Details Fetal Growth Retardation | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
33. Bornehag CG, et al. (2015). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) | Study for Future Families (SFF) | Swedish Environmental Longitudinal, Mother and child, Asthma and allergy (SELMA) Study We find that diisononyl phthalate is associated with a shorter anogenital distance in boys at the age of 21 months, which is of concern because AGD has been related to male genital birth defects and impaired reproductive function in adult males. butylbenzyl phthalate | Dibutyl Phthalate | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diethyl phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | Phthalic Acids Infants or newborns | Pregnant females | Study subjects Sweden|United States urine 2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl phthalate | Creatinine | Diethylhexyl Phthalate | diisononyl phthalate | mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate | mono-benzyl phthalate | monobutyl phthalate | monoethyl phthalate Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | anatomical structure development
34. Shirai S, et al. (2013). The concentrations of parabens in urine taken from pregnant women in Japan were frequently found to be quantifiable, indicating widespread exposure and suggesting dermal route (probably from personal care products); however, there was no statistical association with the anogenital index of male offspring, suggesting that parabens were not estrogenically active at the exposure level. butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | Parabens | propylparaben Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Japan urine 4-hydroxybenzoic acid | butylparaben | ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate | methylparaben | propylparaben Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | male genitalia development
35. Barr DB, et al. (2010). In this paper, we explore the relation betweenmaternal and cord pesticide concentrations and birth outcomes including birth weight, birth length, and abdominal and head circumferences. Carbofuran | Chlorpyrifos | DEET | dicloran | dimethyl 2,3,5,6-tetrachloroterephthalate | metolachlor | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin Infants or newborns | Mothers United States blood, cord | serum Carbofuran | Chlorpyrifos | DEET | dicloran | dimethyl 2,3,5,6-tetrachloroterephthalate | metolachlor | tetrachloroisophthalonitrile | Trifluralin Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | head development
36. Amegah AK, et al. (2012). Maternal use of charcoal as a cooking fuel during pregnancy and burning of garbage at home are strong determinants of average fetal growth and risk of low birth weight. Charcoal Infants or newborns Ghana Details Birth Weight | Fetal Growth Retardation | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
37. Hardell L, et al. (2003). Blood concentrations of certain persistent organic pollutants are higher in mothers of patients with testicular cancer (case mothers) compared to mothers of subjects without testicular cancer (control mothers), supporiting the possibility that the disease might be initiated from exposure during the fetal period. Chlordan | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | oxychlordane | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Mothers | Controls for disease:Testicular Neoplasms | Subjects with disease:Testicular Neoplasms Sweden blood Chlordan | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Hexachlorobenzene | oxychlordane | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | Testicular Neoplasms
38. Berkowitz GS, et al. (2004). Children's Environmental Health Study In this report we evaluate the effects of pesticide exposure on birth weight, length, head circumference, and gestational age among 404 births between May 1998 and May 2002. Chlorpyrifos | Pentachlorophenol | Pyrethrins Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States urine 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol | 3-phenoxybenzoic acid | Pentachlorophenol Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
39. Joubert BR, et al. (2012). Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) We identified a set of genes with methylation changes present at birth in children whose mothers smoked during pregnancy; our findings implicate epigenetic mechanisms in the pathogenesis of the adverse health outcomes associated with this important in utero exposure. tobacco Cotinine | Tobacco Smoke Pollution Infants or newborns | Pregnant females Norway blood, cord | plasma AHRR | CNTNAP2 | Cotinine | CYP1A1 | EXT1 | GFI1 | HLA-DPB2 | MYO1G | RUNX1 | TTC7B Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | DNA methylation on cytosine within a CG sequence | regulation of DNA methylation
40. Shirangi A, et al. (2014). Health Risks of Australian Veterinarians Study (HRAV) This study suggests that the adverse effects of handling cytotoxic drugs in pregnant women may include an increased risk of birth defects. Cytotoxins Pregnant females Australia Details Congenital Abnormalities | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
41. Gaspar FW, et al. (2015). Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas (CHAMACOS) We conclude that prenatal DDT levels may be associated with delayed processing speed in children at age 7, and the relationship between prenatal DDE levels and children's cognitive development may be modified by sex (with girls being more adversely affected). sex DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene Children | Pregnant females United States serum DDT | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene Details Neurobehavioral Manifestations | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | cognition
42. Engel SM, et al. (2007). Mount Sinai Children's Environmental Health Study We found an association between both generic and pesticide-specific biomarkers of prenatal organophosphate pesticides and an increased number of abnormal primitive reflexes in neonates, consistent with a previously reported association in a more highly exposed cohort. Dicarboxylic Acids | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | Organophosphates | Pesticides | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States serum | urine Dicarboxylic Acids | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | Organophosphates | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | Reflex, Abnormal
43. Gascon M, et al. (2012). INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project Findings suggest an association between increasing polybrominated diphenyl ethers concentrations in colostrum and a worse infant mental development, particularly for BDE-209 (decabromobiphenyl ether), but the data requires confirmation in larger studies. Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | Hexachlorobenzene | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Mothers Spain colostrum 2,2',3,4,4',5',6-heptabromodiphenyl ether | 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,2',4,4',5-brominated diphenyl ether | 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,5,2',5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl | decabromobiphenyl ether | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers | hexabrominated diphenyl ether 153 | hexabromodiphenyl ether 154 | Hexachlorobenzene | PCB 180 | pentabrominated diphenyl ether 100 | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | cognition
44. Sagiv SK, et al. (2008). Our findings provide evidence for an association between low-level prenatal polychlorinated biphenyl and dichlorodiphenyl dichloroethene exposures and poor attention in early infancy. Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Lead | Polychlorinated Biphenyls Infants or newborns United States blood, cord 2,2',3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl | 2,3,3',4,4'-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl | 2,4,5,2',4',5'-hexachlorobiphenyl | Dichlorodiphenyl Dichloroethylene | Lead | PCB 180 Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
45. Latini G, et al. (2003). Our findings confirm the presence of detectable Diethylhexyl Phthalate/mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate in most of the examined newborns at birth, observe phthalate serum concentrations in a wide population of human newborns, and suggest that phthalate exposure is significantly associated with a shorter pregnancy duration. Diethylhexyl Phthalate Infants or newborns Italy blood, cord Diethylhexyl Phthalate | mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
46. Raanan R, et al. (2015). Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas (CHAMACOS) Early-life exposure to organophosphate pesticides was associated with respiratory symptoms consistent with possible asthma in childhood. diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | Organophosphates Children | Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States urine diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | Organophosphates Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | Respiratory Tract Diseases
47. Liu P, et al. (2016). Both prenatal and postnatal organophosphorous exposure may adversely affect the neurodevelopment of infants living in the agricultural area. sex diethyl phosphate | Organophosphorus Compounds Children | Mothers China urine diethyl phosphate | dimethyl phosphate | O,O-diethyl dithiophosphate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate | O,O-dimethyl phosphorothionate | Organophosphorus Compounds | thiophosphoric acid Details Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | cognition | developmental process | head development | motor activity | social behavior
48. Birks L, et al. (2016). Developing a Child Cohort Research Strategy for Europe (CHICOS) | Environmental Health Risks in European Birth Cohorts (ENRIECO) Results from our large population-based birth cohort design indicate that employment during pregnancy in occupations classified as possibly or probably exposed to endocrine-disrupting chemicals was associated with an increased risk of term low birth weight. Endocrine Disruptors Infants or newborns | Pregnant females | Workers Denmark|France|
Greece|Italy|
Lithuania|Netherlands|
Norway|Poland|
Portugal|Spain|
Sweden
Details Birth Weight | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
49. Sayal K, et al. (2014). Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) The objective of the study is to investigate whether episodic binge pattern of alcohol consumption during pregnancy is independently associated with child mental health and academic outcomes. Ethanol Children United Kingdom Details Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | cognition
50. Amin R, et al. (2017). We find that gadolinium use during pregnancy is unlikely to be associated with adverse effects in infants during the neonatal period. Gadolinium Infants or newborns | Pregnant females United States blood, cord Gadolinium Details Birth Weight | Bone Diseases, Metabolic | Chorioamnionitis | Diabetes, Gestational | Ductus Arteriosus, Patent | Enterocolitis, Necrotizing | Fetal Growth Retardation | Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal | Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced | Lung Diseases | Obstetric Labor, Premature | Oligohydramnios | Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects | Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn | Retinopathy of Prematurity
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